Bible Covenants - Abrahamic

Views:
 
     
 

Presentation Description

A brief look at the Abrahamic covenant in the Bible.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Abrahamic Covenant

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Other than Jesus Christ, Abraham stands at the forefront of the great men in the panorama of history who acted in faith and obedience to God. The story of Abraham is the story of God setting apart one individual to be the prime mover to fulfill His purposes for humankind.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Abraham offers Isaac.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Responding to the divine call to leave his family and birthplace, Abraham left behind what was familiar to sojourn in a distant, unknown place. With the divine guarantee to raise up descendants through his son Isaac, Abraham obeyed the command of God to offer Isaac as a sacrifice. Abraham believed that God would keep His promise even if it meant that God would have to raise Isaac from the dead.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Abraham journeys to the Promised Land.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Abraham’s journeys covered about 1500 miles.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Abraham’s natural journey would lead him into the spiritual realm of total trust in God. It was that faith, more than anything else, that set Abraham apart. It was that faith that made Abraham righteous before God and forever established how it is that God makes humankind righteous. It was that faith that allowed God to continue His redemptive plans.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Through the covenant with this righteous man, God promised to create a nation from Abraham’s descendants and bless all the nations of the world. Abraham truly is the natural father of the nation of Israel and the spiritual father of all those who follow the faith of Abraham.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants The Promises to Abraham When God made His covenant with Abraham, God promised the following (Ge. 12:2-3). To make Abraham a great nation. This means that God will constitute his descendants into an organized body of people. To make Abraham’s name great. Relationship with God brings dignity and respect.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants To bless Abraham personally. Personal blessings included fertility, prosperity, and the presence of God. Through His covenants, God promised unity and harmony. Covenants are often referred to as “covenants of peace” (Nu. 25:12; Is. 54:10; Ezek. 34:25; 37:26; Mal. 2:5). All of this meant that God would provide peace (Heb. shalom ) to Abraham.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants To bless and curse others based on how they treat Abraham and his posterity. This can be seen in the way Balaam received judgment for cursing Israel (Nu. 22-24; 31:16).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Based on this same promise, the psalmists asked for God’s revenge on Israel’s enemies (Ps. 7:6; 35:1; 58:6; 59:5; etc.). As Carl Laney put it, this was not “vindictiveness,” but an appeal to God to “vindicate” what was just and right. “The psalmist, then, merely appealed for God to fulfill His covenant promise to Israel” (Laney 81).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants To bless all the nations (including Gentiles) through Abraham. All can be blessed as they “are united to the seed of Abraham.” However, Paul points out that this is not by birth, but by faith (Ro. 9:7-8; Gal. 3:26-29). To provide a land for Abraham and his descendants (Ge. 15; 17). Though Abraham sojourned in the land, it did not become the possession of his descendants until the conquests of Joshua over 500 years later.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Even though the nation of Israel possessed the land, their rebellion against God eventually caused them to forfeit the land. But this did not annul the promise of God. Walter Kaiser commented:

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants “The most painful of all tragedies would be the loss of the land (Lev 26:34-39). But such a separation could never be a permanent situation, how could God deny Himself and fail to fulfill His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Lev 26:42)?

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants “As surely as the judgments might “overtake” (Deut 28:15, 43; cf. Zech 1:6) future generations, just as surely would every promised blessing likewise ‘overtake’ (Deut 28:2) them the moment ‘repentance’… began (Deut 30:2, 6, 8, 10; cf. Zech 1:6)” (Kaiser 308).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Nevertheless, it requires the spiritual means provided in the New Covenant to keep the old covenant requirements. Only through the New Covenant can “the unconditional, everlasting Abrahamic promise of land be fulfilled” (Townsend 332).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants For Abraham (or his descendants) to personally reap the blessings of the promises, a correct response was necessary. For instance, it was necessary for Abraham to leave Chaldea to take possession of the land (Ge. 12:1). Abraham would have to follow God’s directions and respond in obedience to have the covenant put in force (Ge. 17:1-2; Ge. 22:15-18).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Abraham and his descendants would be circumcised as a sign of their covenant with God (Ge. 17:9-14). God then confirmed the covenant promises with an oath (Ge. 22:16f). “The oath was a strong statement which was to guarantee the validity of a statement and to give assurance that the Promise would be kept” (Rogers 248).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants It was God’s solemn guarantee to Abraham that He would keep the covenant promises. It becomes strong assurance to us who have our hope anchored in Christ in the heavenlies amid the storms and violent waves of this life. We have the full backing of God that His covenant promise to bless all nations is extended to us.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants It was on these promises that Abraham established his faith.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants The Faith of Abraham Scripture tells us that Abraham’s father and brother worshipped as idolaters (Josh. 24:2-3). It may be that Abraham was an idolater as well, but when God called Abraham, he responded in faith. Except for the fact that Lot accompanied him, Abraham left his past completely behind. Eventually, even Lot and Abraham would part company (Ge. 13:1-12).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Abraham and Lot part company.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants When the Bible says that Abraham “believed God” (Ge. 15:6), it implies that Abraham made a clean break from idolatry. Abraham became a monotheist — a believer in the one true God.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Faith for the Promised Land Abraham’s obedience to the call of God led him to a land that was totally unfamiliar. Abraham would live there in tents. Neither he, nor his immediate descendants would ever settle permanently during their lifetimes. Nevertheless, Abraham was confident in God’s promise and was unmoved in his faith.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants It may be that Abraham would not have been satisfied even if he had a settled residence in the Promised Land. The writer of Hebrews says that his faith went beyond the natural: “for he was looking forward to the city with foundations, whose architect and builder is God” (He. 11:10).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants F. F. Bruce noted: “To those who place their trust in him God gives possessions of real and incorruptible value. Since, in our Lord’s words, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob “live to him” (Luke 20:38), their true heritage must be based in the being of God (Bruce 294).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Even though the Abrahamic promises did not specifically include the New Covenant kingdom of God, the redemptive destiny of the whole world was at stake in the blessings of Abraham. Paul declared: “…Abraham and his offspring received the promise that he would be heir of the world …” (Ro. 4:13).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants In saying this, Paul was echoing David and Christ’s words that the meek would inherit the earth (Mt. 5:5). The promise to inherit all the nations is contained in the promise of the kingdom of God that comes through the New Covenant. (See Psalm 37:9, 11, 22, 29, 34.)

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants In a similar way Paul said we receive the Holy Spirit as a result of the blessings to Abraham (Gal. 3:14). The presence of the Holy Spirit ensures us that the promise to Abraham will have its consummation on the Day of the Lord when blessing and dominion will be given to the sons of God (Ro. 8:23).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants The Righteousness of Abraham Not only is Abraham’s great faith an example for us, but Abraham’s faith sets the precedent for how men are to be counted as righteous (Romans 4:4-5, 16). Through Abraham’s faith, he was declared righteous. (But we should note that Abraham’s righteousness was credited to him by God . It was a matter of grace.)

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Since Abraham was counted as righteous before he was circumcised (the sign of the Abrahamic Covenant) Paul concluded that righteousness comes through faith, not works (Romans 4:9-12).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants A group of Jewish Christians in the early Church, known as the Judaizers, taught that Gentiles had to be circumcised in order to be saved. T. R. Schreiner writes:

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants “The Judaizers found support in the OT for their understanding of circumcision, for Genesis 17:9-14 says that circumcision was the covenant sign for the people of God, and that refusal to take on the covenant sign would result in being cut off from the people of God. Moreover, Genesis 17:13 specifies that this covenant is an ‘everlasting’ one” (Schreiner 138).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Paul vehemently opposed this requirement and addressed the issue in the epistles to the Romans and Galatians. The whole matter came to a head at the Jerusalem conference (Acts 15) where it was decided that the Gentiles did not have to be circumcised, although they should respect certain Jewish customs.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants One of Paul’s arguments again centered on the presence of the Holy Spirit in believers. The indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit was a guarantee of imputed righteousness (Galatians 3:2, 5).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants In the New Covenant, neither circumcision nor uncircumcision is important (1 Cor. 7:19; Gal. 5:6, 6:15). In fact, Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection are the New Covenant spiritual circumcision for all believers. The desires of the flesh have been spiritually “cut off” by faith in the Christ Event. We express this in water baptism (Col. 2:11-12).

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants Physical circumcision neither excludes nor contributes to who we are in Christ. What is important is that we are righteous in Christ Jesus by faith. Anything else diminishes grace.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants God established a covenant with Abraham that kept in motion God’s redemptive work. The promises not only bless Abraham personally, but reach forward to bless his immediate descendants, on to the nation of Israel, and finally to the people of the New Covenant kingdom of God.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants In the Abrahamic Covenant we find the seeds of blessing planted in the fertile soil of faith and obedience. From them a Greater Seed has taken root whose branches yield the fruit of redemption and the inheritance of the world.

Bible Covenants:

Bible Covenants F. F. Bruce, editor, The New International Commentary on the New Testament, The Epistle to the Hebrews , (Grand Rapids: Michigan, 1990). Walter Kaiser, Jr., The Promised Land: A Biblical-Historical View , Bibliotheca Sacra , vol. 138, no. 552, Oct. 1981. Carl Laney, A Fresh Look at the Imprecatory Psalms , Bibliotheca Sacra , vol. 138, no. 549, Jan. 1981. Gerald F. Hawthorne, Ralph P. Martin, Daniel G. Reid, editors, Dictionary of Paul and His Letters (Leicester: England, 1993). Jeffrey Townsend, Fulfillment of the Land Promise in the Old Testament , Bibliotheca Sacra , vol. 142, no. 568, Oct. 1985.

authorStream Live Help