God’s Plan for the Jews: God’s Plan for the Jews In Romans 9-11 Paul returns to a question he first raised in chapter three: since we all come to Christ the same way, “What advantage, then, is there in being a Jew?” To this question Paul adds two more, “Did Israel not understand?” (Ro. 10:18-19) and “Did God reject his people?” (Ro. 11:1). As a Jew, Paul has certainly pondered these tough questions many times. In these three chapters he offers us profound insights into God’s plan.
God’s Plan for the Jews: God’s Plan for the Jews Paul begins by listing the eightfold advantage of the nation of Israel (Ro. 9:4-5). Theirs is the: Adoption as Sons Divine Glory Covenants Receiving of the Law Temple Worship Promises Patriarchs Human Ancestry of Christ
God’s Plan for the Jews: God’s Plan for the Jews Despite this advantage, the Jews failed to obtain righteousness because they sought it not by faith. They pursued the right thing the wrong way. Does this mean that God is finished with the nation of Israel? Paul’s answer is to point to himself. He is part of a remnant “chosen by grace.”
God’s Plan for the Jews: God’s Plan for the Jews Here we begin to glimpse God’s plan. God reserves a remnant of the Jews at this time and in His own time He will return to the nation as a whole. The failure of the Jews has brought “riches for the Gentiles” (Ro. 11:12). In other words, because the Jews in large part rejected Christ, the gospel message was delivered to the Gentiles.
God’s Plan for the Jews: God’s Plan for the Jews “Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of Gentiles has come in” (Ro. 11:25). In turn, because the Gentiles received mercy, the Jews will be provoked to envy and salvation (Ro. 11:11, 14). Upon concluding his thoughts about God’s plan, Paul breaks out in worship: His paths are beyond searching out (Ro. 11:33-36)!
God’s Plan for the Jews: God’s Plan for the Jews Gospel to Jews Jews Reject Gospel But Remnant of Jews Saved Salvation of Gentiles Jews Provoked to Envy and Salvation