Biblical Archaeology: Biblical Archaeology Support for the Veracity of Scripture Biblical Archaeology: Biblical Archaeology Archaeology continues to confirm Biblical accounts, despite persistent skepticism. For many years the Biblical accounts have been challenged, only to be overturned by archaeological discoveries. Over and over again, doubts have been shattered by the evidence. Biblical Archaeology: Biblical Archaeology The following are just a few of the many discoveries that have shown the Biblical account to be factual. Slide 4: Pool of Bethesda (Jn. 5:1-15) The reference was often challenged by skeptics until it was excavated and shown to have five porticos or colonnaded porches. Slide 5: Erastus Inscription Archaeologists discovered in Corinth a block of marble in a paved square near the theater, with the first century Latin inscription: “Erastus, commissioner of public works, laid this pavement at his own expense.” See Romans 16:23. Biblical Archaeology: Biblical Archaeology One of the ways we can be assured of the veracity of the Old Testament Scriptures is through the confirmation of the Dead Sea Scrolls. This collection of ancient writings was discovered in caves near the Dead Sea in 1947. One of these is a scroll of Isaiah in Hebrew dated to about 125 B.C. and is about 1,000 years earlier than any manuscript previously found. Biblical Archaeology: Biblical Archaeology The exactness of this text compared to our current text is quite remarkable. Josh McDowell quoted Gleason Archer as stating that the Isaiah scroll, “proved to be word for word identical with our standard Hebrew Bible in more than 95 percent of the text. The 5 percent of variation consisted chiefly of obvious slips of the pen and variations in spelling” (McDowell 58). Slide 8: Scroll of Isaiah from the Dead Sea Scrolls Slide 9: Moabite Stone Commemorating the Revolt of Mesha , King of Moab from Israel (2 Kings 1:1; 3:4-27) Slide 10: Tel Dan Stela (1993) Written in Aramaic in the mid-9 th century BC, this is the only known reference to David outside of the Bible. It was discovered during excavations in the ancient city of Dan. House of David Slide 11: Pilate Inscription (1961) Archaeologists excavating an ancient Roman theater near Caesarea Maritima uncovered this limestone block inscribed with “Pontius Pilate, Prefect of Judea.” The Pilate Inscription is the only known occurrence of the name Pontius Pilate in any ancient inscription. “-TIVSPILATVS” Slide 12: Wadi el- Hol Inscription (1993) This inscription was found west of Abydos in Southern Egypt and dates to when Jacob and his sons lived in Egypt. This clearly shows that writing was used before the time of Moses. Biblical Archaeology: Biblical Archaeology What can we conclude? We can be assured that the text of the Bible has come down to us substantially as they were originally written and are based on actual events. Biblical Archaeology: Biblical Archaeology Bibliography McDowell, Josh . Evidence that Demands a Verdict . Atlanta: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1979.