Zero Tolerance

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Zero Tolerance:

Zero Tolerance Carly DiDomenico Hedge

Let’s define….:

Let’s define…. The policy of applying laws or penalties to even minor infringements of a code in order to reinforce its overall importance and enhance deterrence. Ronald Regan’s administration launched its War on Drugs initiative in the early 1980’s Congress passed in 1989 the Drug-Free Schools and Campuses Act Gun-Free School Act of 1994 Federal law was the catalyst for school zero tolerance policies across the county that went beyond drugs and alcohol. Hate speech, harassment, fighting, and dress codes. Nail files, paper clips, organic cough drops, model rockets, plastic ax, inhalers, kitchen knives, etc. , were all considered weapons under some form of zero tolerance.

Question 1: :

Question 1: What do you wish you knew more about in terms of school disciplinary policies? What about within your school specifically?

Why is Zero tolerance important?:

Why is Zero tolerance important? Goals for learning Understand th e implications of all disciplinary actions on a students well being/educational life. Understand the role discipline has in your school. Who is affected by zero tolerance? African American Disabilities Minority

Affects on minority and Special education students:

Affects on minority and Special education students Overrepresentation in suspension and expulsion for African American and special education students (Casella, 2003). These students may be disciplined more severely for less serious or more subjective reasons ( Skiba et al. 2002). Due to lack of teacher preparation in classroom management, lack of training in culturally competent practice, or racial stereotypes. Effects: create, enhance, or accelerate negative mental health outcomes for youth, alienation, anxiety, rejection, and breaking of healthy adult bonds. Missed instruction, juvenile system, lack of help in restoring behavior/actions

Why is this controversial? :

Why is this controversial? Impact it has on minority/special education students Changing the culture of schools Restorative Justice? Are we helping students break the cycle of Jail and crime?

Teacher opinion video :

Teacher opinion video

Reform? :

Reform? Apply zero tolerance policies with greater flexibility, taking school context and teacher expertise into account Teachers and other professional staff who have regular contact with students should be the first line of communication with parents and caregivers regarding behavior/discipline. Carefully define all infractions, major or minor, and train staff in appropriate means of handling them. Evaluate all school discipline or school violence prevention strategies to ensure that interventions, programs, or strategies are having beneficial impact on student behavior and school safety. ( Skiba & Rausch, 2006)

SB 100:

SB 100 Introduced and passed in 2016 Key Components: Eliminates “Zero-Tolerance” Puts tighter restrictions on the use of harsh disciplinary consequences Ensures out-of-school suspensions, expulsions, and referrals to alternative schools are only used for legitimate educational purposes. Focuses on meeting student needs and addressing root causes of disciplinary issues

Components continued:

Components continued Promotes proven disciplinary alternatives and improved professional development for school officials and staff. Protects students from additional academic consequences Ensures greater transparency and accountability to parents/guardians Prohibits school “pushout” Campaign for Common Sense Discipline 2016

Video :

Video

Final Thoughts:

Final Thoughts

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