Asian Diaspora in the Caribbean

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Asian Immigration to the Caribbean

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Asian Diaspora in the Caribbean:

Asian Diaspora in the Caribbean

New Vocabulary!:

New Vocabulary! Trini – a native of Trinidad & Tobago Bajan – a native of Barbados Lucian – a native of Saint Lucia Vincy – a native of Saint Vincent & the Grenadines

Guess Who?:

Guess Who? [From Right to Left] Byron Lee – Jamaican guitarist Nicki Minaj – Trini Rapper – Black/African & Indian Descent Carlton from The Fresh Prince, Alfonso Ribeiro – Trini parents Melanie Fiona – R&B Singer, Born in Toronto to Guyanese Parents Doug E. Fresh – Popular 80s/90s Rapper from Barbados K. Rich – Trini Soca Artist Mother from the 90s Comedy Series Moesha, Sheryl Lee Ralph – born in JA to Jamaican mother Colin Powell – Jamaican parents

West Indian/Caribbean:

West Indian/Caribbean Ethnicity

PowerPoint Presentation:

So what did that group of pictures prove?  Being Caribbean or West Indian is NOT an ethnicity. This is VERY similar to being an American. Americans are descendants from cultures all over the world.

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Caribbean is a mixture of previous and current Spanish, British, French, Dutch, & US Territories. However, many of the Caribbean islands were once owned by more than two of these countries. Sometimes, even within the same year. During the 15 to 1900s, Europe was constantly fighting over all of these islands. Due to the constant changes in who “owned” these islands, from their food, to their music…. today many islands have a rich blend of cultures.

Greater Antilles:

Greater Antilles Bahamas & Turks and Caicos

Lesser Antilles:

Lesser Antilles

Diaspora:

Diaspora

Diaspora?:

Diaspora? Definition: a dispersion of a people, language, or culture that was formerly concentrated in one place; to scatter; to displace; to live in separated communities . Both voluntary (find a job) & involuntarily (slavery)

East Indian Pop.:

Country 2011 Total Pop. Approx. Indian Pop. % of Pop. Guyana 756,040 327,000 43% Trinidad & Tobago 1,346,350 525,000 39% Suriname 529,419 135,000 25% Jamaica 2,709,300 100,000 3.7% Guadeloupe 503,274 60,000 11.9% Martinique 397,504 43,600 11% JAMAICA FLORIDA East Indian Pop.

PowerPoint Presentation:

The largest Asian population in the Caribbean, is the East Indian Population. All of these demographics are approximations because it’s difficult to count the exact Indian population of each country. These numbers represent the people LIVING in the country. For example, there are many Trinis , Guyanese, and Jamaicans living outside of their homeland. Also these numbers aren’t representative of people who are 100% Indian, but they could be ¾ or a ½ Indian . Although Guyana & Suriname, are located in South America and are not islands in the Caribbean, they ARE culturally considered a part of the West Indies.

Chinese Pop.:

Country 2011 Total Pop. Approx. Chinese Pop. % of Pop. Suriname 529,419 70,000 13.22% Jamaica 2,709,300 70,000 2.5% Cuba 11,253,665 114,240 1% Dominican Republic 10,056,181 50,000 .06% Trinidad & Tobago 1,346,350 50,000 .03% Guyana 756,040 2,722 .03% JAMAICA FLORIDA Chinese Pop.

PowerPoint Presentation:

The second main Asian population are those Caribbeans of Chinese descent. Similar to the Indian demographics, the Chinese population is difficult to calculate, and at times can be more difficult to calculate, due to the smaller population. As stated before, these numbers only represent the people LIVING in the country. For example, There are more Jamaican Chinese living outside of Jamaica than still in Jamaica today. Miami has the large Jamaican Chinese community . Although Guyana & Suriname, are located in South America and are not islands in the Caribbean, they ARE culturally considered a part of the West Indies.

WHY did Asians come to the Caribbean?:

WHY did Asians come to the Caribbean?

PowerPoint Presentation:

Coolie Trade Panama Canal Laborers

PowerPoint Presentation:

After the West African slave trade was abolished in 1807. Slave masters went to India and China to get more laborers. The majority were Indians. They were treated the same way as and did the same work as the slaves, but were paid a very small fee. This new form of work was called “ indentursehip ”, but basically the “new system of slavery”. This ended in around 1917 for most islands . They came in hopes for a better living. Many didn’t know where they were going and under what circumstances they were getting themselves into. All they knew was that they needed money for their families. The majority were men and over time, some sent for their families. But unfortunately, after coming to the Caribbean as laborers and slaves, many never saw their family again . After this wave of Indian and Chinese immigration, there was another wave of immigration of those who weren’t indentured servants. Before America, the Caribbean was seen as the “land of opportunity ”.

Indian Contributions:

Indian Contributions Chutney Soca Blend of Soca Music & Indian Music Played in Trinidad, Guyana, & Suriname

Trinidad & Tobago and Guyana:

Trinidad & Tobago and Guyana Religions Roman Catholic, Protestant (Anglican, Baptist, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist) , Hindu, Muslim, & Rastafarian Approximate Population East Indian 43.5 % Black (African) 30.2% , M ixed 16.7% , Amerindian 9.1 % Other 0.5 % Many citizens have a mixed ethnic heritage due to influences from French , West African , Creole, Chinese, Indian , Irish, German , Swiss, Portuguese , British , Italian , Spanish , Dutch, Norwegian, Polish, Arab, Lebanese, & Russian ancestors. Additionally , there are also nationals of Hispanic ancestry , mostly of Amerindian descent , mainly from Venezuela along with a small number from Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic . Common Mixes  European/African Descent, Indian/African Descent, Dougla – a person who is of Indian & African descent A person might self identify as Black or Indian based on physical appearance however they might be genetically of mixed ethnicity.

Indian Influences:

Indian Influences

Chinese Contributions:

Chinese Contributions Chinese Immigrants Flour Cornmeal Saltmeats Codfish “ Saltfish ” Rice For instance, foods like “dumplin”, cornmeal porridge, Jamaican rice & peas, and fritters, need these ingredients! Did you know that? Saltfish is half of Jamaica's national dish --> " Ackee & Saltfish ”.

Chinese Contributions:

Chinese Contributions Chinese Immigrants In the late 19th century and early 20th century, many previous Chinese laborers opened their own small shops. Today, many of these shops have grown and remained a part of families . From the 1930s to the early 1970s, the Chinese in Jamaica owned many small grocery stores all over the island. They were an insular group and mostly kept to themselves.

Chinese - Jamaican Contributions:

Chinese - Jamaican Contributions Reggae Music In 1979, Vincent "Randy" Chin & his wife Patricia Chin founded the New York reggae recording label , “VP Records”! Vincent + Patricia = "VP" Before, they owned Randy's Records & Studio 17 in Jamaica .

Chinese – Jamaican Contributions:

Chinese – Jamaican Contributions The Jamaican Patty Vincent Chang, a Jamaican of Chinese descent, made the popular Jamaican lunch snack - the patty! Vincent, has certainly helped boost Jamaica's economy, by supplying jobs for his country!

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