TC FINAL PRESENTATION

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Don’t Ask Don’t Tell Repeal: Leadership Required:

Don’t Ask Don’t Tell Repeal : Leadership Required Mary Holly * Catherine Kendall * Stephanie Speech * Jessica Kriegel ORGB-0625 February 27, 2011

Background :

Background We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented . – Elie Wiesel 1993 “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” (DADT) law mandated the discharge of openly gay, lesbian, or bisexual service members, but potential enlistee’s no longer required to state sexual preference on revised application for service An estimated 66,000 gay Americans serve on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces

Current Status :

Current Status DADT law repealed by Congress 22 Dec 2010 HOWEVER – Repeal not law until the President, the Secretary of Defense Robert Gates and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff officially certify that military readiness will be unharmed followed by 60-day waiting period In order to repeal DADT, all four U.S. Military branches must complete training on implementation of repeal

The Forces That Impact the Leader, Followers & Situation:

The Forces That Impact the Leader, Followers & Situation

The Forces :

The Forces Combined Military Forces Some followers do not support the repeal of DADT An estimated 40-60% of combat service members (mostly male) oppose repeal of DADT fearing negative impact on unit cohesion Congress An overwhelming majority of Democrats voted for repeal Republicans are concerned that repeal will set precedent for gay marriage laws currently under scrutiny

DADT Repeal Training in Place for Combat Troops:

DADT Repeal Training in Place for Combat Troops Training For The Repeal Of DADT Already Underway In Afghanistan Please Click Photo by Alison St John Above: Marine Corps General Richard Mills in a Teleconference from Afghanistan with media at Camp Pendleton, 02-17-2011

The Forces:

The Forces Service Members Legal Defense Network Represents many discharged service members due to sexual orientation 14,000 service members been discharged due to sexual orientation since DADT was passed Supports repeal Gay Rights Activist Groups Believes DADT is discriminatory Military is the only large organization in the United States that discriminates based on sexual orientation Armed forces is supposed to be about honor, honesty, and integrity yet homosexuals are expected to lie about who they are

The Forces – General Public :

The Forces – General Public According to New York Times Poll: 75% of Americans support open service 17% oppose any service 8% support the compromise position of DADT According to Center for American Progress Poll 54% think DADT should be repealed 35% should not repeal DADT

How Forces Impact Leader/Follower/Situation:

How Forces Impact Leader/Follower/Situation Leader Sec. Of Def., Robert Gates Situation Repeal DADT Law Followers U.S. Military Service members Adapted from: Hughes, R. Ginnett, R. & Curphy, G. (2006). Leadership: enhancing the Lessons of Experience. (5 th edition). New York, NY. McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Forces Impact on the Leader: Secretary of Defense:

Forces Impact on the Leader: Secretary of Defense His Career Position in the administration Future political aspirations Position in the military Respect from followers and fellow colleagues May be seen as homophobe or his own sexuality may be questioned His Mental Models Originally, against repeal of DADT Potential inner-conflict of obeying orders versus issues with homosexuality

Forces Impact on the Followers: Military Personnel:

Forces Impact on the Followers: Military Personnel Heterosexual Service Members Morale Unit Cohesion Discomfort Indifference Personal/ Religious Beliefs Fear that fewer individuals that are heterosexual will be unwilling to enter military if forced to serve with openly gay and lesbian service members Homosexual Service Members Morale Separation/Isolation Loss of credibility Discrimination Threat to personal safety Psychological Stress/fatigue/ PTSD

Forces Impact to the Situation: DADT Repeal :

Forces Impact to the Situation: DADT Repeal Gates tasked Undersecretary of Defense for Personnel & Readiness C. Stanley to accelerate first two phases of implementation Majority of Congress, military and public want DADT repealed Pentagon approaching the task with philosophy of, “it’s better to end the policy sooner rather than later ” General Public, SLDN, Gay Rights Activists are watching and preparing to respond to final outcome Gates pledged, “ until the Service Chiefs are comfortable that the risks to unit cohesion and combat effectiveness of a change have been addressed to their satisfaction and to my satisfaction, I would not sign the certification” Democrats no longer the majority vote Clock is ticking

Different Mental Models Means… :

Different Mental Models Means… Different Options for Secretary Gates

Congressional Republicans, Combatant Military Service Members and Religious Right Opposed to Repeal:

Congressional Republicans, Combatant Military Service Members and Religious Right Opposed to Repeal Please Click 

LGBT Community in Support of Repeal:

LGBT Community in Support of Repeal Please Click 

Retired Military Personnel Observation:

Retired Military Personnel Observation Please Click 

General Population in Support of Repeal:

General Population in Support of Repeal Please Click 

The Show Must Go On:

The Show Must Go On Please Click 

Conclusion:

Conclusion

REFERENCES:

REFERENCES Combs, R. (2011). Help us defend “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell”. Retrieved from http://www.cc.org/ Conant, Eve, Newsweek, What Repeal Will Mean , December 13, 2010. Emp3world.com. http://www.emp3world.com/mp3/89900/Queen/The%20Show%20Must%20Go%20On Gallos, J, (2008). Business Leadership . San Francisco, CA.Wiley and Sons. Gates, Robert http://www.defense.gov/bios/biographydetail.aspx?biographyid=115 HuffingtonPost.com. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/12/30/after-euphoric-dadt-repea_n_802762.html Hughes, R. Ginnett, R. & Curphy, G. (2006). Leadership: enhancing the Lessons of Experience. (5 th edition). New York, NY. McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Library of Congress. (2010). Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell: The Law and Military Policy on Same-Sex Behavior. Washington DC: Congressional Research Service. MS Office http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/images/

REFERENCES Continued…:

REFERENCES Continued … New York Times .com. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/23/us/politics/23repeal.html Senge, Peter, et al. (2004). Presence . New York, NY. Doubleday.. Schwartz, J. (2011, February 22). ‘Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell’ Remains in Effect Months After Passage of Law to End It. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/23/us/politics/23repeal.html Servicemembers Legal Defense Network. About “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” . Retrieved February 19, 2011. http://www.sldn.org/pages/about-dadt St John, Allison. KPBS . http://www.kpbs.org/news/2011/feb/17/training-repeal-dadt-already-underway-afghanistan/ Stein, Sam, Huffington Post, Gay Rights Activists’ Outlook Somber as Euphoria Over DADT Repeal Subsides. Retrieved February 21, 2011. Usscouts.org http://usscouts.org/mb/Reveille.asp Wavlist.com. A Few Good Men (wav). http://www.wavlist.com/movies/084/index.html

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