Australia : Australia Population : Population Population is estimated to be 21,885,016.
Since 1945 more than six million people from across the world have come to Australia to live.
Today, more than 20 per cent of Australians are foreign born and more than 40 per cent are of mixed cultural origin. Language : Language The national language is English.
In our homes we speak 226 languages - after English, the most popular are Italian, Greek, Cantonese and Arabic.
Australians have a unique colloquial language, coined ‘strine’ by linguist Alastair Morrison in 1966 (imagine saying Australian with your teeth gritted to keep out the flies). Geography : Geography Australia is the sixth largest country in the world. It's about the same size as the 48 mainland states of the USA and 50 per cent larger than Europe, but has the lowest population density in the world - only two people per square kilometre.
Australia’s coastline stretches almost 50,000 kilometres and is linked by over 10,000 beaches, more than any other country in the world. More than 85 per cent of Australians live within 50 kilometres of the coast, making it an integral part of our laid-back lifestyle.
Australia is the only nation to govern an entire continent and its outlying islands. The mainland is the largest island and the world’s smallest, flattest continent. Climate : Climate The landscapes of the northern part of the country, with a tropical climate, consist of rainforest, woodland, grassland, mangrove swamps, and desert. The climate is significantly influenced by ocean currents, including the Indian Ocean Dipole and the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, which is correlated with periodic drought, and the seasonal tropical low pressure system that produces cyclones in northern Australia. Currency : Currency Australia’s currency comprises coins of 5, 10, 20 and 50 cent and one and two dollar denominations; and notes of 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dollar denominations. Important Places : Important Places Queensland’s Great Barrier Reef is home to the world’s largest oyster, weighing up to 3 kilograms.
The world’s longest earthworm, stretching up to 4 metres, is found in Gippsland in Victoria.
The heaviest crab, weighing up to 14 kilograms, is found in Bass Strait near Tasmania.
Australia’s tallest mountain is Mt Kosciuszko, which is 2,228 metres above sea level.
Capital = Canberra
Largest city = Sydney Culture : Culture Believed to be the world’s oldest civilization, Aboriginal people have lived and thrived on this continent for more than 50,000 years.
Today Australia also defines itself by its Aboriginal heritage, vibrant mix of cultures, innovative ideas and a thriving arts scene. Famous People : Famous People Keith Urban - musician
Guy Pearce - actor
Steve Irwin - The Crocodile Hunter
Hugh Jackman - actor
Nicole Kidman - actor
Paul Jennings - children's author
John Marsden - author Religion : Religion Nearly two thirds (64%) of the population claim at least nominal adherence to a Christian-based religion.
Nearly one third (30%), do not identify with any religion.
The remaining population is a diverse group that includes fast-growing Islamic and Buddhist communities. Other Interesting Facts : Other Interesting Facts Australians invented notepads (1902), aspirin (1915), the pacemaker (1926), penicillin (1940), the bionic ear (1978), anti-counterfeiting technology for banknotes (1992) and long-wearing contact lenses (1999).