Chapter #8

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

Chapter #8

Comments

Presentation Transcript

PowerPoint Presentation:

Module 8.1 Motivation: The “ Whys ” of Behavior Module 8.2 Hunger and Eating Module 8.3 Emotions Application Module 8.4 Managing Anger

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 Module 8.1 Motivation: The “ Whys ” of Behavior

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 Instinct theory: Behavior is motivated by instinct Problems: List of instincts grew too long to be useful Instincts label behavior, but don ’ t explain it Human behavior is too variable and flexible What about the role of culture?

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 Body Temperature 98.6° Blood Vessels in Skin Dilate to Remove Heat Person Sweats Turns Down Furnace Removes Sweater

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 We have an innate, biologically based need for exploration and activity Stimulus motives: Internal states prompting exploratory behavior Needs for stimulation vary We seek ways to maintain our optimal level of arousal Strong need for high levels of sensation (sensation-seeking) appears to have a strong genetic component

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 High-incentive Goal Strong Pull Stronger Motivated Behavior High-incentive value goal Low-incentive Goal Weak Pull Weaker Motivated Behavior Low-incentive value goal

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 Thematic Apperception Test Affiliation Motivation George is an engineer who is working late. He is worried that his wife will be annoyed with him for neglecting her. She has been objecting that he cares more about his work than his wife and family. He seems unable to satisfy both his boss and his wife, but he loves her very much and will do his best to finish up fast and get home to her. Achievement Motivation George is an engineer who wants to win a competition in which the man with the most practicable drawing will be awarded the contract to build a bridge. He is taking a moment to think how happy he will be if he wins. He has been baffled by how to make such a long span strong , but he remembers to specify a new steel alloy of great strength, submits his entry, but does not win, and is very unhappy .

PowerPoint Presentation:

Esteem Achievment , respect, prestige, status, approval Love and Belongingness Emotional intimacy, friendships, social connections Safety Safe and secure housing, protection from crime and harsh weather Physiological Hunger, thirst, avoidance of pain, sexual gratification, elimination Self-Actualization Fulfillment of individual potential 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

Characteristics of Self-Actualizing People Spontaneity, simplicity, and naturalness Autonomy, independence of culture and environment Feelings of kinship and identification with the human race Balance between polarities in personality, etc. 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 Module 8.2 Hunger and Eating

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 What causes hunger?

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 Hypothalamus Lateral Hypothalamus (behind plane of view) Ventromedial Nucleus of Hypothalamus

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 Obesity: A state of excess body fat Determined using the body mass index (BMI) Represents a major health risk Why is obesity on the rise? Too many calories ( “ Did someone say supersize it? ” ) Too little exercise 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 Percentage Obese Overweight Women Men All adults (20+ years old)

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 Anorexia Nervosa   Bulimia Nervosa

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 Cultural Factors Thinness Attractiveness

PowerPoint Presentation:

Module 8.3 Emotions 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

Anger Fear Disgust Sadness Happiness Surprise 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

Disgust Sadness Happiness Anger Disgust Sadness Happiness Anger 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

Disgust Sadness Happiness Anger Disgust Sadness Happiness Anger 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

Disgust Sadness Happiness Anger Disgust Sadness Happiness Anger 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

Disgust Sadness Happiness Anger Disgust Sadness Happiness Anger 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 If movie doesn ’ t play when clicked in Slide Show Mode CLICK HERE

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3 If movie doesn ’ t play when clicked in Slide Show Mode CLICK HERE

PowerPoint Presentation:

Emergence of positive psychology focuses renewed attention on human happiness What makes people happy? It ’ s not wealth What about marriage? Two factors that predict happiness are having friends and having a religious commitment Is there a “ set point ” for happiness? 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

In which photo is Paul really smiling? Belief that mimicking facial movements will induce the corresponding emotion. But is a put-on smile the same as a genuine smile? What is a Duchenne smile? 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

Gratitude visits Three blessings One door closes, another opens Savorings 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

Sympathetic Division of the Autonomic Nervous System Pupils Dilated, Dry; Far Vision Dry Goose Bumps Sweaty Passages Dilated Increased Rate Blood Supply Maximum to Muscles, Increased Adrenal Gland Activity, Inhibited Digestion 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

James-Lange Theory: “ I feel afraid because I tremble ” Stimulus Autonomic Arousal Cannon-Bard Theory: “ The dog makes me tremble and feel afraid ” Fear Conscious Feeling Subcortical Brain Activity Autonomic Arousal Conscious Feeling Fear Two-Factor Theory: “ I label my trembling as fear because I appraise the situation as dangerous ” Stimulus Autonomic Arousal Conscious Feeling Fear Appraisal 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

Ability to manage emotions Main characteristics: Knowing your emotions Managing your emotions Motivating yourself Recognizing emotions in others Helping others handle their emotions 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

Device used to detect whether people are lying Measures physiological signs of arousal, not lying per se Criticized because of reliability problems 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

Application Module 8.4 Managing Anger 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

Become aware of your emotional reactions in anger-provoking situations. Review the evidence. Practice more adaptive thinking. Engage in competing responses. Don ’ t get steamed. Oppose anger with empathy. 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

PowerPoint Presentation:

Congratulate yourself for responding assertively rather than aggressively. Scale back your expectations of others. Modulate verbal responses. Learn to express positive feelings. 8.1 8.2 8.4 8.3

authorStream Live Help