reading strategies pssa

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reading strategies pssa

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Lesson Topic: Pre-Reading:

Lesson Topic: Pre-Reading Pre-Reading Strategies

Pre-Reading Strategies:

Pre-Reading Strategies Read the Multiple Choice and Open-Ended questions BEFORE reading to FOCUS and so you know what you are looking for as you read.

Pre-Reading Strategies:

Pre-Reading Strategies Pay attention to all headings and footnotes.

“Best” questions:

“Best” questions Ask students to think good, better, best. Example wording: “ Which of the following best explains …” or “Which of the following best supports …” Tips: When you see the word best in the question think: One choice will be good One choice will be better One choice is the best response to the question One choice will be a total distraction

Making Inferences & Drawing Conclusions questions:

M aking Inferences & Drawing Conclusions questions Ask students to conclude or infer based on information in the passage. Example wording: “ Which would most likely …” or “To conclude …” Tips: Analyze information in the passage and use prior knowledge to make an evidence-based guess. Make sure your inferences rely mainly on the author's words rather than your own feelings or experience. Your goal is to read the author's mind, not invent your own message.

Word Identification questions:

Word Identification questions Asks students to identify a word’s meaning by its context in the passage Tips: 1. Go back into the passage and reread the sentence before the word, the sentence containing the word, and the sentence after the word. 2. The context of the sentence should give some idea of the meaning of the unknown word. 3. Pay special attention to ALL underlined , italicized or emboldened words in the passage- they will probably be the basis of one of these types of questions.

Lesson Topic: During Reading:

Lesson Topic: During Reading Reading Strategies: Active Reading

Preview:

Preview Multiple Choice and Open-Ended questions BEFORE reading to FOCUS.

Active Reading:

Active Reading Research indicates that you better absorb information when you are DOING SOMETHING while reading: So Read with a pen, pencil and highlighter and WRITE ALL OVER YOUR TEST BOOKLET!

Active Reading:

Active Reading Mark important parts of the passage Mark when you find an answer to a question Mark when you find something to support your answer to the open-ended question Paraphrase or summarize in the margin

Active Reading:

Active Reading Helps you focus! So read with your pen, pencil and highlighter!

During Reading Tips: :

During Reading Tips: After reading the title, caption, and first paragraph, stop and decide what type of writing you are reading. Ask yourself these questions: Does the writing have setting, characters, conflict? What literary techniques are being used by the author? Is the writing informational, persuasive or instructional? Is the text organized by Sequence, Cause and effect, Compare and Contrast, Main Idea and Supporting Details, Problem and Solution or Chronologically? Read on and adjust your ideas

Examples of Active Reading:

Examples of Active Reading Read the following passage about money. Then answer questions 14–19 in your answer booklet. Electric Money by Robert Cringely What is Money? Economists define money to be any commodity that is used as a “means of payment,” whatever we exchange for the goods and services that we buy. Another important role that money plays is to act as a “unit of account.” This means that the prices of all other commodities are measured in terms of money.

Active Reading Pays off:

Active Reading Pays off The purpose of the first paragraph of the passage is to A explain why governments issue money. B analyze the development of money. * C offer a definition of money. D compare different types of money.

Active Reading Review:

Active Reading Review What should you be doing while reading the passages on the PSSA test? Tips: Have your pencil or a highlighter in hand. Write notes in the margin of the passage that will help you remember key points. Highlight topic sentences or supporting details. Highlight underlined words in the passage, you already know these are test questions.

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