Compare and Contrast : How are things alike?
How are things different? Compare and Contrast How are things the same or different? : How are things the same or different? Comparison and contrast are ways of looking at objects and thinking about how they are alike and different. For instance, all of these items are alike because they are kinds of food, but there are many ways that they are different. For instance, they belong to different food groups. Comparison Guide : Comparison Guide When you compare items, you look for their similarities--the things that make them the same.
Apples and oranges are both fruit.
They're both foods.
Both are made into juice.
Both grow on trees. Contrast Guide : Contrast Guide When you contrast items, you look at their differences.
Apples are red. Oranges are orange.
The fruits have different textures.
Oranges need a warmer place to grow, like Florida. Apples can grow in cooler states, like Washington. Transition Words : Transition Words In comparison and contrast, transition words tell a reader that the writer is changing from talking about one item to the other.
Transitional words and phrases help make a paper smoother and more coherent by showing the reader the connections between the ideas that are being presented. To Compare : To Compare also
as well as
in the same way
the same as
most important Use these words: Comparison Words : Comparison Words When you're comparing items, using a transition from the list will signal to readers that you're changing from one item to the next and it will also tell the reader that the two items are similar.
Here are some examples:
The characters in the movie were very similar to the characters in the book.
Both the characters in the movie and in the book were interested in detective work. Comparison Example : Comparison Example You probably use comparison all the time. Maybe you want to buy some candy, so you go to the store and look at all of the candy that is available.
You can't buy all the candy, so you have to narrow down your choices.
You compare and contrast the different kinds of candy so that you can make your decision. Contrast Words : Contrast Words nevertheless
on the other hand
instead To Contrast : To Contrast On the other hand, using one of the transitions from the list of words will signal readers that the two items you're discussing are different.
Here are some examples:
The setting in the book was summer while the setting in the movie was winter.
The events in the book took place during several afternoons, but the events in the movie took place during the evening. Contrast Example : Contrast Example You also look at the things that make the candy different.
Some of the candy is chocolate. Some is hard candy.
Some pieces of the candy have a filling, like caramel or cookies. Some do not.
Some of the candy can be broken into smaller pieces while the others are harder to divide if you want to share. You Decide : You Decide Now it's time to make your decision.
If you're in the mood for chocolate, you wouldn't choose the jelly beans or peppermint candy.
If you wanted to share the candy, one of the pieces that can be broken into smaller pieces would be better.
So you could decide on the plain chocolate candy, because it was closest to what you wanted. T Charts and Venn Diagrams : T Charts and Venn Diagrams Useful tools for comparing and contrasting
while reading, watching or listening.