Asynchronous vs Synchronous Interactions

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Asynchronous vs. Synchronous Interactions : 

Asynchronous vs. Synchronous Interactions

What is Asynchronous Interaction? : 

What is Asynchronous Interaction? Education in which the interaction between the instructor and the student does not take place face-to-face or in real time.

Nature of Asynchronous Interactions in Distance Education : 

Nature of Asynchronous Interactions in Distance Education Humans are Asynchronous by Nature In Distance Education, a student will encounter predominantly asynchronous interactions Read Assignments Send Emails Post Assignments Give and receive feedback and evaluations

Advantages of Asynchronous Interaction in Distance Education : 

Advantages of Asynchronous Interaction in Distance Education Multitasking Download Syllabus Complete Assignments Research Schedule Friendly

Advantages of Asynchronous Interaction in Distance Education : 

Advantages of Asynchronous Interaction in Distance Education Inclusive Working Adults Advanced Degrees No Face-to-Face Travel not Required

Advantages of Asynchronous Interaction in Distance Education : 

Advantages of Asynchronous Interaction in Distance Education Time Management Work Family School

What is Synchronous Interaction? : 

What is Synchronous Interaction? Distance education that is given in real time but received in multiple locations and uses computers, the Internet, telephones, and other technology to facilitate learning and communication.

Advantages of Synchronous Interaction in Distance Education : 

Advantages of Synchronous Interaction in Distance Education Focus Videoconferencing Instant Messaging Chat

Advantages of Synchronous Interaction in Distance Education : 

Advantages of Synchronous Interaction in Distance Education Consistency E-Learners seen as Social Participants Web 2.0 supports consistent interaction Student does not feel “isolated”

Advantages of Synchronous Interaction in Distance Education : 

Advantages of Synchronous Interaction in Distance Education Single-Mindset Discussion of less complex issues More suited for group interaction

Advantages of Synchronous Interaction in Distance Education : 

Advantages of Synchronous Interaction in Distance Education Exclusive Catch and hold students attention because a response is expected Student empowered to take an active learning position

Disadvantages of Asynchronous Interactions : 

Disadvantages of Asynchronous Interactions Challenging Environment Lag time between responses Wandering No visual focal point

Disadvantages of Synchronous Interactions : 

Disadvantages of Synchronous Interactions Inconvenience of Scheduling Reliance on text responses Variance in typing proficiency among students Connection Failures

Summary : 

Summary Asynchronous and Synchronous methods of online learning both are used in online E-learning. Emerging technologies are available to support both. One is not significantly better than the other, but the learning style of the student is the key. For the sake of the online learning environment, asynchronous offers more flexibility. After examining the research on asynchronous and synchronous in distance education, the data indicates that both have their place in e-learning and will continue to be used in educational environments that are able to adequately support learning that is cognitive and deliver positive educational learning experiences.

References : 

References Rastinski H. Asynchronous and Synchronous E-Learning. EDUCAUSE Quarterly, vol. 31, no. 4 (October–December 2008) Retrieved February 14, 2010 from http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Quarterly/EDUCAUSEQuarterlyMagazineVolum/AsynchronousandSynchronousELea/163445 Baekdal, Thomas. Synchronous vs. Asynchronous Interaction Visualized. July 9, 2006 Retrieved February 14, 2010 from http://www.baekdal.com/articles/usability/asynchronous-interaction/ White, Nancy. Full Circle Associates. Staying in-the-moment in Asynchronous Online Interaction. December 2001. Retrieved on February 14, 2010 from http://www.fullcirc.com/community/inthemoment.htm Schullo, Shauna. Synchronous Distance Education Support Systems, Why Does USF Need One? University of South Florida 2003. Retrieved on February 14, 2010 from http://www.tltgroup.org/Collaboration/BCCOOC/SynchTools.htm