Early 20th Century and WW I

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Early 20th Century and WW I:

Early 20th Century and WW I Mattias Tõnisson 10A

The Queen died:

The Queen died 63 years and 7 months January 22nd 1901 Osbourne house Edward VII and Wilhelm II Gave instructions for her funeral

King edward Vii:

King edward Vii Reigned from 1901 to 1910 The successor of Queen Victoria F oreign affairs and naval and military matters Fond of travelling T he first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha The title „Peacemaker“

The Edwardian era (1901-1910):

The Edwardian era (1901-1910) Significant shifts in politics Very complicated social life New inventions great optimism Last era’s social reforms continued

King george v:

King george v Served in the Royal Navy from 1877 to 1891 Reigned from 1910 to 1936 The successor of King Edward VII The only Emperor of India to be present at his own Delhi Durbar British Empire expanded to its greatest extent Renamed the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the House of Windsor

Domestic policy:

Domestic policy 1912 - The Home Rule Bill was introduced to the Parliament The threat of Germany 1916 - Easter Uprising Republicans won 73 Irish seats out of 105 Irish War of Independence 1921 - Anglo-Irish Treaty

Irish descendants:

Irish descendants Irish Republican Army fighting against the British government and its forces in Ireland

Work in the early 1900s:

Work in the early 1900 s National Insurance Act 1911 Economy was skyrocketing which sped up even more when Germany became their nr. 1 competitor in Europe Most common jobs: - Domestic servant - Mine worker - Gardener - Coachman - Housekeeper - Chambermaid - Chef

Women’s suffrage:

Women’s suffrage The National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies continued to fight for their rights during the war years, and compromises were worked out between them and the coalition government . 1918 February – The Representation of the People Act About 8.4 million women gained the vote 1 918 November - T he Eligibility of Women Act 1928 - The Representation of the People Act

Foreign affairs and wars:

Foreign affairs and wars The Second Boer War in South Africa Germany had become Britain’s biggest competitor in economy and the most probable enemy In Asia, Britain competed with Russia over colonies and power

The first world war:

The first world war Part of the Allied forces Dominated the seas with the Royal Navy Sent the British Expeditionary Force to help their continental allies 1914 October to November – the First Battle of Ypres, „The Old Contemptibles“ December 1916 - David Lloyd George

The Battle of jutland:

The Battle of jutland

Science and technology:

Science and technology Max Planck – originator of quantum physics (Nobel prize in 1918) Albert Einstein – theory of relativity, E = mc 2 , discovered the photoelectric effect (Also known as the Hertz effect) (Nobel prize in Physics in 1921) Ernest Rutherford – „The father of nuclear physics“, radioactivity (Nobel prize in Chemistry in 1908) Guglielmo Marconi – the first transatlantic wireless signals The Wright brothers – the first aeroplane April 14 1914 – Titanic hit an iceberg

The brilliant minds:

The brilliant minds


Food The diet of ordinary people greatly improved Expensive Chinese and Indian takeaways and restaurants New foods 1902 – marmite 1903 – the ice cream cone 1908 – hot dogs

Clothes, fashion and other stuff:

Clothes, fashion and other stuff T rousers, coat s, waistcoat s and top hats or homburgs. ( The upper classes embraced leisure sports , which resulted in rapid developments in fashion , as more mobile and flexible clothing styles were needed. During the Edwardian era , ) women wore very tight corset s or bodice s ( . The Edwardian era was the last time women wore corsets in everyday life . ) Not acceptable for women to show their legs long skirts, later hobble skirts 1913 – Mary Crosby invented the modern bra 1915 – lipstick (sold in tubes for the first time)

PowerPoint Presentation:

The homburg hat The top hat

The arts:

The arts O wn unique cultural and architectural style, fashion, and lifestyle Art Nouveau (french for „New art“) had a particularly strong influence Influence of the automobile and electricity Greater awareness of human rights A lot of novels and short stories Edwardian baroque was widely preferred in architecture Wax cylinders and phonographs Live performances were popular

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Masonic Temple ( Aberdeen, England) Edison’s wax cylinder phonograph The Antrim House (Wellington, New Zealand)


Sports Summer Olympic Games in London in 1908 Sports divided between social classes Yachting and tennis for the wealthy Football for the poor

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Thank you for listening!

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