Empire and Sea Power

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Empire and Sea Power:

Empire and Sea Power Brenda Heinla Nils Holger Sova

Change of power:

Change of power George I 1714 - William IV death in 1837 The Hanoverian Era - not everyone wanted it The Jacobites -wanted to restore the Stuarts dynasty

Political change:

Political change 1689 Glorious Revolution Monarch ruled with the House of Commons and the House of Lords 1832 The Great Reform Act Two main parties - the Whigs and the Tories


Revolution Revolutions all over Europe None in Britain Economical growth Government was often criticized Caricatures of King George III


Revolution Political movements demanding parliamentary reform William Pitt the Younger – political repression Radical leaders arrested and support for reform subsided Attempted revolution in Ireland - failed

Political reform:

Political reform Peterloo Lords rejected the parliamentary reform suggested by the Whigs A plan to stop the country’s economy Reform was passed in 1832

The rise of the population:

The rise of the population Population doubled in 18th century Five or six children per family → the world’s first industrial nation Factories, canals, new industrial techniques, fuel sources for energy, etc. Lancashire, Yorkshire, Birmingham, Edingburgh, Glasgow, London

Social Change:

Social Change Women employed in menial tasks Child labour Hard to find well-paid work for women Methodism gained popularity Christian morality influenced the teaching of the three R’s


Colonies Lost the American War of Independence in 1783 The Carribean, North America, Eastern Empire East India Trading Company

East India Trading Company:

East India Trading Company Cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, tea, opium, etc. Shares owned by wealthy merchants and aristocrats Came to rule areas of India “The Pirates of the Caribbean” Dissolved in 1874


Wars Many international wars: -the war of Austrian Succession -Seven Years’ war -American War of Independence -Napoleonic wars

Battle of Trafalgar:

Battle of Trafalgar Battle of Napoleonic wars 21 October 1805 British Royal Navy vs French Navy and Spanish Navy The French and the Spanish lost Horatio Nelson

Battle of Trafalgar:

Battle of Trafalgar http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pAuSXpD-EvE

Battle of Waterloo:

Battle of Waterloo Battle of Napoleonic wars 18 June 1815 France vs Allied army Napoleon vs Wellington French lost Napoleon exiled to the island of St Helena


Slavery The British perfected the Atlantic slave trade system ~3 million slaves transported across the Atlantic Beneficial for Britain

Abolition of slavery:

Abolition of slavery 1823 Anti-slavery Society 1832 the Agency Committee 1833 passed a legislation for abolition of slavery Atlantic slave trade had grown since 1807 1865 USA was freed from slavery

Thank you for listening!:

Thank you for listening!


Sources http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/0/ http://www.royal.gov.uk http://www.parliament.uk

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