The American Civil W

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The Civil War:

The Civil War HTG 2013 Triinu Bergmann Karolin Kelpman

In Gerneral:

In Gerneral April 12, 1861 – May 9, 1865 (last shot fired June 22, 1865) ; The Union and the Confederacy; Industrial war; The bloodiest war in the history of the United States of America.

Reasons for parting:

Reasons for parting Slavery; Sectionalism; Territorial crisis; National elections in 1860.


Beginning Battle of Fort Sumter - bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter that started the war. Map of the battle


Mobilization First year – both sides had more volunteers than they could effectively train and equip; c onscription in both North and South.

War on the water (1):

War on the water (1) Anaconda Plan by Winfield Scott.

War on the water (2):

Confederate countermeasures - response to the blockade, 130 vessels; Blockade runners – small, very fast, lighter-weight ships to trade arms and luxuries from Britain for high-priced cotton; Southern economy collapsed. War on the water (2)

PowerPoint Presentation:

ironclad floating battery Blockade runners

Battles (1861-1862):

Battles (1861-1862) First Battle of Bull Run (1861) – first major land battle; Battle of Antietam (1861) - first major battle on Union soil; Battle of Wilson's Creek (1861) - first major battle west of the Mississippi; Second Battle of Bull Run (1862); Battle of Antietam (1862) - deadliest one-day fight

Battles (1863-1865):

Battles (1863-1865) Battle of Stones River (1863) - highest percentage of casualties on both sides; Battle of Gettysburg (1863) - ends the second invasion of North; Battle of Mansfield (1864); Battle of Cold Harbor (1864) - "This is not war, this is murder" ; Battle of Appomattox Court House (1865) – last battle

End of war:

End of war Conquest of Virginia - Battle of Appomattox Court House, Confederacy surrenders.


Results Law that no state can leave the Union; the vast majority of slaves were freed (Confederate states).

Cost of war:

Cost of war The war produced about 1,030,000 casualties (3% of the population); 750,000 soldiers died - roughly as many American deaths as all deaths in other U.S. wars combined.

Thank you for listening!:

Thank you for listening!

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