Why and How Librarians Should Engage With Wikipedia

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Slides for a talk on "Why and How Librarians Should Engage With Wikipedia" given by Brian Kelly, Cetis at the CILIPS Autumn Gathering in Edinburgh on 30 October 2014. See http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/why-and-how-librarians-should-engage-with-wikipedia/

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Why and How Librarians Should Engage With Wikipedia:

Presentation by Brian Kelly, UKOLN on 25 October 2012 for an Open Access Week event at the University of Exeter 1 Talk by Brian Kelly, Cetis on 30 October 2014 at the CILIPS Autumn Gathering Why and How Librarians Should Engage With Wikipedia Event hashtag: #CILIPSAG14

Why and How Librarians Should Engage With Wikipedia:

Why and How Librarians Should Engage With Wikipedia Brian Kelly Innovation Advocate Cetis University of Bolton Bolton, UK Contact Details Email: ukwebfocus@gmail.com Twitter : @ briankelly Cetis Web site : http://www.cetis.ac.uk/ Blog : http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/ Slides and further information available at http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/why-and-how-librarians-should-engage-with-wikipedia/ Event hashtag : #CILIPSAG14

PowerPoint Presentation:

3 3 You are free to: copy, share, adapt, or re-mix; photograph, film, or broadcast; blog, live-blog, or post video of this presentation provided that: You attribute the work to its author and respect the rights and licences associated with its components. Idea from Cameron Neylon Slide Concept by Cameron Neylon , who has waived all copyright and related or neighbouring rights. This slide only CCZero . Social Media Icons adapted with permission from originals by Christopher Ross. Original images are available under GPL at: http://www.thisismyurl.com/free-downloads/15-free-speech-bubble-icons-for-popular-websites Source cited !

About Me:

About Me Brian Kelly: Innovation Advocate at Cetis, University of Bolton User of various social tools to support professional activities (Open Educational Practices) Involvement in Wikipedia and Wikimedia UK: Created first article in 2004 Involved in trainin g / edit-a-thons since 2013 Accredited Wikipedia trainer Recent talks on: Wikipedia, Wikimedia UK and Higher Education: Developments in the UK , Eduwiki Serbia 2014 Editing Wikipedia: Why You Should and How You Can Support Your Users , CILIP Wales 2014 Wikipedia Editing Workshop – In a Nutshell , LILAC 2014 Open Knowledge: Wikipedia and Beyond , Cetis 2014 Regard Wikipedia as: An example of an Open Educational Practice Of particular importance to library sector Introduction 4

About Your Users:

About Your Users What are your library’s approaches to use of Wikipedia by your users: Warn against it? Accept it will be used, but begrudgingly? Welcome its use and advise on its strengths and weaknesses? 5 Poster on teaching Wikipedia to school pupils at University of Birmingham

About You:

About You Who has: Has a Wikipedia account? Has edited Wikipedia articles? Has taught or advised their users on use of Wikipedia Who would: Like to create an account? Create a user profile? Perhaps even update an article? Feel free to do this during this talk! 6 Is the article accurate? Can it be improved?

Wikipedia's Purpose and Key Principles:

Wikipedia's Purpose and Key Principles Wikipedia's purpose is:   to benefit readers by acting as an encyclopedia , a comprehensive written compendium that contains information on all branches of knowledge . As  described by Jimmy Wales, Wikipedia's founder: Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge. That's what we're doing . 7

Wikipedia's Key Principles:

Wikipedia's Key Principles Wikipedia seeks to achieve its goal by its  five pillars : Wikipedia is an encyclopedia : Wikipedia is not, for example, a soapbox, an advertising platform, a vanity press, an indiscriminate collection of information, or a web directory. Wikipedia is written from a neutral point of view : Wikipedia strives for articles that document & explain the major points of view, giving due weight with respect to their prominence in an impartial tone. It avoids advocacy and we characterize information and issues rather than debate them. Wikipedia is free content that anyone can use, edit, and distribute : Since all editors freely licence their work to the public, no editor owns an article and any contributions can and will be freely edited and redistributed. Editors should treat each other with respect and civility : Contributors are expected to respect fellow Wikipedians , even when you disagree. Apply Wikipedia etiquette, and don't engage in personal attacks. Wikipedia has no firm rules : Wikipedia has policies and guidelines, but they are not carved in stone; their content and interpretation can evolve over time. Their principles and spirit matter more than their literal wording, and sometimes improving Wikipedia requires making an exception . 8

Characteristics of Librarians:

Characteristics of Librarians According to LibraryScienceList.com key characteristics of librarians   include: A love of knowledge and learning A desire to work around people Broad overall knowledge of life and the world Strong organisational skills Good with numbers Friendly Ethical Personable Affinity for working with large volumes of information Computer skills A love of books 9 See http://librarysciencelist.com/core-competencies-of-librarianship/ In addition, IMHO, a desire to: Share these interests & passions with others Enhance the information literacy of others Encourage others to adopt ethical approaches in use of information

Librarians and Wikipedia – An Ideal Match!:

Librarians and Wikipedia – An Ideal Match! zz 10 Librarian Characteristics Relevance to Wikipedia A love of knowledge and learning Aligned with Wikipedia's goal of " a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge ". A desire to work around people There is a strong Wikipedia community:  in October 2013  there were 31,000 active editors with about half of the active editors spending at least one hour a day editing. Broad overall knowledge of life and the world Wikipedia provides access to broad knowledge of life and the world and the ability to share such knowledge with others.  Strong organizational skills In order to help manage the 4,616,531+ articles there will be a need to have good organisation skills. Friendly and personable Aligned with Wikipedia principle that  Editors should treat each other with respect and civility . E thical Underpin the five pillars. Affinity for working with large amount of information This is of direct relevance to Wikipedia. Computer skills This is of direct relevance to Wikipedia.

Wikipedia and Librarians – An Ideal Match!:

Wikipedia and Librarians – An Ideal Match! How do Wikipedia’s five pillars relate to librarians: Wikipedia is an encyclopedia : Librarians are familiar with encyclopedias , including their strengths and weaknesses. Wikipedia is written from a neutral point of view : Librarians will warn against personalisation features of Google, which can act as an ‘echo chamber’ and not provide neutral answers to queries. Wikipedia is free content that anyone can use, edit, and distribute : Librarians have been pro-active in encouraging open access policies, to minimise costs of journal subscriptions and maximise access to research. Editors should treat each other with respect and civility : Librarians will have similar rules regarding use of library space. Wikipedia has no firm rules : Hmm 11 Ranganathan’s Five Laws of Library Science (1931): 5: The library is a growing organism This law focused on the need for internal change than on changes in the environment itself . Ranganathan argued that library organizations must accommodate growth in staff, the physical collection and patron use. This involved allowing for growth in the physical building, reading areas, shelving, and in space for the catalog . And changes due to technological developments!

Creating A Wikipedia Account:

Creating A Wikipedia Account Who would: Like to create an account? Create a user profile? Feel free to do this during this talk. Note: Creating a user account takes ~ a minute! Creating / updating a user profile takes ~ 1 - 5 minutes! 12 Click here from any Wikipedia page If you create a Wikipedia account or create/ update a profile page, feel free to: Send a Twitter message that you have done so. Say how long it took

Is Wikipedia Relevant?:

Is Wikipedia Relevant? Who has: Used Wikipedia ? Spotted errors in Wikipedia? Updated Wikipedia? 13 Wikipedia in the library - the elephant in the (reading) room? Nancy Graham and Andrew Gray, LILAC 2014

Is Wikipedia Relevant?:

Is Wikipedia Relevant? Who has: Used Wikipedia ? Spotted errors in Wikipedia? Updated Wikipedia? 14 Wikipedia in the library - the elephant in the (reading) room? Nancy Graham and Andrew Gray, LILAC 2014

Why Wikipedia is Important:

Why Wikipedia is Important From Wikimedia UK https://wiki.wikimedia.org.uk/wiki/Expert_outreach

Top Tips:

Top Tips No. 1: Understand why Wikipedia is important to librarians 16

Eduwiki (UK) 2013:

Eduwiki (UK) 2013 Eduwiki 2013 conference: Held in Cardiff on 1-2 Dec 2013 Second EduWiki UK conference Covered: Welsh language issues Case studies from higher education and schools Broader considerations 17 Note Eduwiki 2014 conference to be held in St Leonard's Hall, Edinburgh tomorrow (fully booked)

Two Case Studies :

Two Case Studies Summary of t wo case studies presented at EduWiki 2013: Safe Use of Wikipedia in the Transition from School to University , Lisa Anderson and Nancy Graham, University of Birmingham (now Roehampton) Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages , Humphrey Southall , University of Portsmouth 18 EduWiki 2013

PowerPoint Presentation:

Outreach work by University of Birmingham Library Demonstrate information literacy approaches to school pupils Students surprised that Wikipedia was shown 19

Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages:

Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages This was the assignment (see “ Telling the stories of rural England with Wikipedia ” ) 20 Humphrey Southall at EduWiki conference   EduWiki 2013

Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages:

Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages 21 Notice how Neutral Point of View principle was addressed EduWiki 2013

Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages:

Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Example of article chosen for updating by student 22 EduWiki 2013

Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages:

Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Article after updating 23 EduWiki 2013

Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages:

Introducing Students to Independent Research through Editing Wikipedia Articles on English Villages Students learn about researching and citations 24 EduWiki 2013

Top Tips:

Top Tips No. 2: Understand how Wikipedia is being used in education 25

Wikipedia Behind the Article :

Wikipedia Behind the Article Who has looked at the information about a Wikipedia article? 26

Wikipedia Behind the Article :

Wikipedia Behind the Article We can see the history of the development of an article (contributors, update dates; …) 27

Top Tips:

Top Tips No. 3: Gain a better understanding of the Wikipedia service 28

Be Willing to Update Wikipedia Articles:

Be Willing to Update Wikipedia Articles You: Spot an error in a Wikipedia article 29

Be Willing to Update Wikipedia Articles:

Be Willing to Update Wikipedia Articles You: Spot an error in a Wikipedia article Identify an area for improvement 30 As an information professional wouldn’t you wish to ensure that such information is accurate? (Especially if this can be done in minutes!) Will need updating in 2014

Top Tips:

Top Tips No. 4: Be willing to update Wikipedia articles 31

Why You Should Have a Wikipedia Account:

Why You Should Have a Wikipedia Account Using a Wikipedia account to edit articles is recommended: Openness Record of contributions A bility to: Create new articles Join in discussions Have customised preferences … 32

Creating an Account :

Creating an Account Feel feel to: Go to a Wikipedia page and click Create Account Then complete the form A: New users 33 Did you d o it in less than a minute?

Top Tips:

Top Tips No. 5: Create a Wikipedia account 34

Create a User Profile:

Create a User Profile Nancy Graham’s user profile 35 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Msnancygraham User: msnancygraham Use search box as a quick way to find user profiles

Create a User Profile:

Create a User Profile Nancy Graham’s user profile 36 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Msnancygraham User: msnancygraham

Today’s Goal : Create a User Profile:

Today’s Goal : Create a User Profile http://en.wikipedia.org / wiki/ User:Lawsonstu 37

Top Tips:

Top Tips No. 6: Create a Wikipedia profile 38

Be Ethical! :

Be Ethical! Quality of Wikipedia articles is provided by volunteer effort Please do not: Introduce errors to see how soon they are corrected 39 [[Swansea city centre|central Swansea]]

PowerPoint Presentation:

Outreach work by Uni of Birmingham Library Demonstrate information literacy approaches to school pupils Surprise that Wikipedia was shown 40 Discussion: “ Live edit a Wikipedia entry – highlight how quickly edits are corrected ” But should pages be ‘ vandalised ’ in order to demonstrate how the community fixes such vandalism? Highlighted need to address best practices for those who teach use of Wikipedia.

Top Tips:

Top Tips No. 7: Be ethical 41

Content Can Change!:

Content Can Change! Changes to the Jalalpur , Bihar arty= icle 42 Minor edit made

Content Can Change!:

Content Can Change! Changes to the Jalalpur , Bihar arty= icle 43 This article was proposed for deletion by Lfstevens   on 2 May 2014 with the comment: unnotable , uncited stub It was contested by Necrothesp   on 7 May 2014 with the comment: deprod ; all settlements are considered to be notable; cleaned up

Top Tips:

Top Tips No. 8: Be prepared for your contributions to be changed 44

The Five Pillars:

The Five Pillars Fundamental principles by which the Wikimedia community operates... Wikipedia: 1. is an encyclopedia 2. is written from a neutral point of view 3. is free content that anyone can edit / use/ modify / share 4. editors should respect each other 5. does not have any firm rules 45

Key Principles for Content (1):

Key Principles for Content (1) No original research All research must come from published sources e.g. Peer-reviewed journals Peer-reviewed books U niversity-level textbooks M agazines , journals and books published by respected publishing houses M ainstream newspapers 46

Key Principles for Content (2):

Key Principles for Content (2) Neutral Point of View Content should be provided from a neutral point of view: If your viewpoint is in the majority, then it should be easy to substantiate it with reference to commonly accepted reference texts; If your viewpoint is held by a significant minority, then it should be easy to name prominent adherents; If your viewpoint is held by an extremely small minority, then — whether it's true or not, whether you can prove it or not — it doesn't belong in Wikipedia, except perhaps in some ancillary article. 47

Top Tips:

Top Tips No. 9 : Understand the Wikipedia principles 48

Supporting Others:

Supporting Others About a training course – see http ://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/lilac-2014-getting-to-grips-with-wikipedia/ 49

Supporting Others:

Supporting Others Approaches to the following aspects: Registration Creating a Wikipedia profile Editing existing articles Creating new articles What can go wrong? Conforming with Wikipedia principles Useful resources Question time and discussion 50 Structure of a one-hour hands-on session

Structure of Workshop:

Structure of Workshop Structure of hour-long session: About the session Creating an account: 1 slide. Now login and do it! (not needed for some, so some moved on to next part, creating or editing user profile based on existing profiles) 51 Basic Editing Case study 1: Basic editing Change examples to relevant profiles (e.g. for sessions for librarians) See http://www.slideshare.net/lisbk/wikipedia-training-the-trainer-34540111

Structure of Workshop:

Structure of Workshop Structure of hour-long session: About the session Creating an account Creating a user profile: 4 slides Now create a profile using plain text 52 Basic Editing See http://www.slideshare.net/lisbk/wikipedia-training-the-trainer-34540111

Structure of Workshop:

Structure of Workshop Structure of hour-long session About the session Creating an account Creating a user profile Wikimedia syntax (formatting, headings and links): 1 slide Now improve your profile; feel free to reuse ideas for profiles we’ve shown. Slide left on screen during exercise. 53 Basic Editing Case study 1: Basic editing See http://www.slideshare.net/lisbk/wikipedia-training-the-trainer-34540111

Structure of Workshop:

Structure of Workshop Structure of hour-long session About the session Creating an account Creating a user profile Wikimedia syntax (formatting, headings and links) Next steps (adding metadata and finding pages to b e improved): 4 slides 54 Basic Editing See http://www.slideshare.net/lisbk/wikipedia-training-the-trainer-34540111

Top Tips:

Top Tips No. 10: Support others (and feel free to reuse existing materials) 55

Learning from Others:

Learning from Others Example of contributors to Wikipedia Wales 56

Conclusions :

Conclusions Understand why Wikipedia is important to librarians Understand how Wikipedia is being used Gain a better understanding of the Wikipedia service Be willing to update Wikipedia articles Create a Wikipedia account Create a Wikipedia profile Be ethical Be prepared for your contributions to be changed Understand the Wikipedia principles Support others (and feel free to reuse existing materials) 57

Any Questions?:

Any Questions? Cartoon 58

Questions?:

Questions? Any questions, comments, …? 59 Continue the discussion: blog post about this presentation linked in http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/cilip-wales-2014-editing-wikipedia/

Licence and Additional Resources:

This presentation, “ Why and How Librarians Should Engage With Wikipedia ” by Brian Kelly, Cetis is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Licence Note the licence covers most of the text in this presentation. Quotations may have other licence conditions. Images may have other licence conditions. Where possible links are provided to the source of images so that licence conditions can be found . 60 Slides and further information available at http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/why-and-how-librarians-should-engage-with-wikipedia/ Licence and Additional Resources

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