Open Practices For Researchers

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Slides for a talk on "Open Practices For Researchers" given by Brian Kelly, Cetis on 19 June 2014 for the Research and Innovation Conference 2014 at the University of Bolton See http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/open-practices-for-researchers/

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Open Practices Beyond Open Access:

Open Practices Beyond Open Access Presentation by Brian Kelly, UKOLN on 25 October 2012 for an Open Access Week event at the University of Exeter 1 Open Practices For Researchers Presentation by Brian Kelly, Cetis on 19 June 2014 for the Research and Innovation Conference 2014 at the University of Bolton

Open Practices For Researchers:

Open Practices For Researchers Brian Kelly Innovation Advocate Cetis University of Bolton Bolton, UK Contact Details Email: bk4@bolton.ac.uk Twitter : @ briankelly Blog : http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/ Cetis Web site : http://www.cetis.ac.uk / Slides and further information available at http :// ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/open-practices-for-researchers / 2

PowerPoint Presentation:

3 You are free to: copy, share, adapt, or re-mix; photograph, film, or broadcast; blog, live-blog, or post video of this presentation provided that: You attribute the work to its author and respect the rights and licences associated with its components. Idea from Cameron Neylon Slide Concept by Cameron Neylon, who has waived all copyright and related or neighbouring rights. This slide only CCZero . Social Media Icons adapted with permission from originals by Christopher Ross. Original images are available under GPL at: http://www.thisismyurl.com/free-downloads/15-free-speech-bubble-icons-for-popular-websites 3

About Me:

About Me Brian Kelly: Innovation Advocate, Cetis, University of Bolton Formerly UK Web Focus, UKOLN from 1996-2013 Prolific blogger (1,300+ posts since Nov 2006) User of various social networking tools to support professional activities Prolific speaker (~425 talks since 1996) Research activities: Peer-reviewed papers in Web accessibility, standards, web preservation, … Prizes: best researcher paper at ALT-C 2005 and best communications paper at WAI 2010 Invited speaker at library / Web conferences Introduction 4

About This Talk:

About This Talk Open access: Benefits for researchers increasingly understood Now seeing moves towards open data This talk goes beyond open access: Open practices : sharing ideas on blogs Open engagement : the role of Twitter Dissemination : getting your research read Gathering the evidence : social media metrics / a ltmetrics Making it work : identifying best practices This talk provides tips for the connected researcher Based on evidence gained from personal experiences Introduction 5

Top Tips for Jisc Inform:

Top Tips for Jisc Inform See http://www.jisc.ac.uk/inform/inform35/InternationalOAWeek.html 6 Introduction

Who Cares?:

Who Cares? Key stakeholders The institution: Interests in institutional reputation; reporting, auditing, … The library: Manages the institutional repository Support service Your department: Interests in departmental reputation Will seek to exploit its research activities You, the researcher, with interests in: Your personal research reputation Developing your network Future funding and research opportunities Your long-term (research) career 7 Introduction

Do You Want to ‘Market’ Your Research?:

Do You Want to ‘Market’ Your Research? Do you seek to change the world through your research or simply understand the world: Will you want to market your research? Will you want others to market your research? Will you have a detached view of your research? 8 About YOu

Why Open Access?:

Why Open Access? cc “ Piled Higher and Deeper " by Jorge Cham, www.phdcomics.com Used with permission. 9 9

LSE Impact Blog:

LSE Impact blog post , http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2014/04/01/hefce-open-access-ref-gamechanger/ 10 LSE Impact Blog 1 April 2014

My Papers:

My Papers My papers in the University of Bath Opus repository 11 Peer-reviewed Abstract reviewed 11 Project reports, … Invited paper

Open Access Enhances Access:

Download statistics to 16 June 2014 Largest downloads for Brian Kelly 12 Open Access Enhances Access Content peer-reviewed (8 in first 15 most popular) Abstract peer-reviewed (1) Invited paper (3) 12

Least Downloaded Papers:

Least Downloaded Papers Will papers in a repository be seldom seen? What can be learn from approaches taken for the popular and unpopular papers? 13 15 June 2014 13

Learning from Mistakes:

Learning from Mistakes “ Using Context to Support Effective Application of Web Content Accessibility Guidelines ”, Sloan, Kelly et al , JWE (5), 2006 Submitted in July 2005 Reviewers comments received in April 2006 Published in JWE in December 2006 PDF uploaded to repository in May 2012 (forgot about paper until bulk uploads) 14 Reflections on implications given in “ If a Tree Falls in a Forest ” post

Learning From Success:

Learning From Success “ Library 2.0: balancing the risks and benefits to maximise the dividends ” 15 Most downloaded individual paper in repository  But only recent download statistics available  2014

Evidence:

Evidence How do we find out more? Peak statistics for repository only available for 1 year But: Blog post about availability in Opus published on 11 August 2009 16 Conclusion : Blog post responsible for initial popularity Further investigation (of all my paper downloads) confirms large peak in August 2009

Beyond the Edge Cases:

Beyond the Edge Cases Little-downloaded paper: Uploaded to repository 6 years after paper written I was not lead author Only PDF version uploaded Never blogged about; never tweeted Most popular paper: Available in IR on launch of journal issue I was lead author Blog post published on day of launch Available in PDF, MS Word & HTML formats Link to paper subsequently tweeted & retweeted About Web 2.0, so likely to be read by bloggers But what about the majority of papers? 17

SEO or SMO:

SEO or SMO SEO (Search Engine Optimisation) : Helping Google find your papers through: Writing style, document structure, … In-bound links SMO (Social Media Optimisation) : Helping other people find your papers through: Viral marketing Sharing on social media services SMO: Good for new papers, but not relevant for popular papers written from 2004-8 SEO: Document structure consistent. Difference appears to be significant nos. of in-bound links 18

Tip No. 1: Be Pro-active:

Tip No. 1: Be Pro-active Tip No. 1: Be pro-active 19

W4A 2012 Paper:

W4A 2012 Paper Case study: Paper on “ A challenge to web accessibility metrics and guidelines: putting people and processes first ” given at W4A 2012 conference in Lyon in Apr 2012 Four co-authors agreed: To collaborate in raising awareness of paper and presentation of the paper How: Writing blog posts on or just before conference Participate on conference Twitter hashtag (e.g . responding to comments while speaker is presenting) Benefits: Reaching out to a wider audience based on our 4 professional networks 20

Preparation:

Preparation We: Uploaded paper to repository so URL was known Provided a link to the paper in speaker’s slides Uploaded holding slide to Slideshare so URL was known (slides were finalised shortly before talk) We could then: Prepare blog posts in advance Create short URLs for use in Twitter in advance 21 Examples of approaches to follow

Using the Institutional Repository:

Using the Institutional Repository Paper uploaded to repository and blog post prepared 22

Using Other Repositories:

Using Other Repositories Opportunity to promote access to slides as well as the paper! 23 http://www.slideshare.net/sloandr/w4a12-coopersloankellylewthwaite Metadata provided to give context to slides

PowerPoint Presentation:

Final slide provides (active) links to related work 24

Tip No. 3: Monitor What Works:

Tip No. 3: Monitor What Works Tip No. 2: Make it easier for your peers to access your work by providing links in a timely fashion 25

PowerPoint Presentation:

On 18 Apr 12: 1,391 views on Slideshare Other slides had 3 and 311 views By 15 Jun 14: 9,861 views on Slideshare 26 “ Lies, damned lies & statistics ” – but my 3 rd most downloaded paper in 2012 3 citations in July 2012 / 10 in June 2014

Topsy and Event Hashtag:

Topsy and Event Hashtag 27 Buzz around event hashtag captured by Topsy

Topsy & Discussion About Slides:

Topsy & Discussion About Slides 28 Topsy recorded discussions about slides

Topsy & Discussion About Paper:

Topsy & Discussion About Paper 29 Topsy recorded discussions about paper Note tweets about event (25) and slides (20) more popular than paper (7)

Tip No. 4: Don’t Forget the Links!:

Tip No. 4: Don’t Forget the Links! Tip No. 3: Monitor what works for you 30

The IR:

The IR 31 Your papers should be hosted on your institutional repository

LinkedIn:

LinkedIn Links to paper added to LinkedIn Academia.edu My pages on UKOLN Web site and blog … 32

Academia.edu:

Academia.edu Academia.edu 33 Note: Links to papers in IR (not uploaded) Importance of tags Academia.edu users may find my papers here and LinkedIn users in LinkedIn. Why would I make it difficult for them? Now 495 followers

The Institutional Web Site :

The Institutional Web Site 34 You may also wish to provide links on your institutional Web site Note direct links to paper in various formats

The Blog:

The Blog 35 If you have a blog you can provide links to your papers (again to all formats)

Commentable Pages on Blog:

Commentable Pages on Blog 36 Recent development: Commentable pages for papers with links to key resources (IR & publisher’s copy, metrics, citations, …)

Tip No. 5: Don’t Forget the Google Juice!:

Tip No. 5: Don’t Forget the Google Juice! Tip No. 4: Don’t forget the Google juice ! 37

Importance of Google:

Importance of Google Context: Between 50-80% of traffic to IRs are from Google (may be higher if direct links to PDFs not recorded by Google Analytics) What provides ‘Google juice’: On-page SEO techniques (structure, writing style, …) Links to pages, especially from highly-ranking sites What’s different about IRs? Same page structure Therefore importance of links to repository 38

Importance of Google:

Importance of Google Context: Between 50-80% of traffic to IRs are from Google (may be higher if direct links to PDFs not recorded by Google Analytics) What provides ‘Google juice’: On-page SEO techniques (structure, writing style, …) Links to pages, especially from highly-ranking sites What’s different about IRs? Same page structure Therefore importance of links to repository 39

What Delivers Google Juice?:

What Delivers Google Juice? Survey of SEO ranking of 24 Russell Group IRs carried out in August 2012. Findings: Google, YouTube, Blogspot , Wikipedia and Microsoft are highest ranking domains with links to IRs 40 Blogspot.com & WordPress.com have significantly larger number of links to IRs Links from institutional domain (e.g. locally-hosted blogs) provide little Google juice! Blogspot.com Wordpress.com

PowerPoint Presentation:

41 UK Web Focus blog has a rotating Featured Paper link UK Web Focus has timely blog posts about papers UK Web Focus has links to all papers

Tip No. 7: Develop Your Network:

Tip No. 7: Develop Your Network Tip No. 5: Develop your network 42

“It’s About Nodes and Connections”:

“It’s About Nodes and Connections” Cameron Neylon keynote at OR 2012: “ Networks qualitatively change our capacity ” W ith only 20% of a community connected only limited interaction can take place This increases drastically as numbers of connected nodes grows Examples: Phone networks (no use with only 1 user!) Tweeting at confereces Galaxy Zoo 43 “Filters block. Filters cause friction” Need for client-side, not supply-side filters.

Tweetchat:

Tweetchat Tweetchats : Discussions on Twitter Specific topic covered at specified time Use hashtags e.g. # PhDchat , # ECRchat Summary at Survey findings: “ give a community & shared space to explore ideas ” “ regular opportunity to network with a wide range of people I wouldn’t otherwise meet ” “ have very interesting and thought-provoking discussions/debate ” 44

Tip No. 7: Develop Your Network:

Tip No. 7: Develop Your Network Tip No. 6: You can’t ignore Google 45

Google Scholar:

Google Scholar Google Scholar is better! 46

Google Scholar:

Google Scholar Google Scholar is better! 47

Google Scholar:

Google Scholar You should claim your profile while your institutional email address is valid. 48

Google Scholar:

Google Scholar You can also receive alerts of new citations 49

Tip No. 7: Develop Your Network:

Tip No. 7: Develop Your Network Tip No. 7 : Understand the potential benefits of Twitter 50

Twitter:

Twitter You can’t ignore Twitter! 51

Twitter Works For Professionals:

Twitter Works For Professionals Mellisa Terras ’ blog post on how Twitter increases downloads for peer-reviewed papers 52 Other potential areas for such use of Twitter Promoting your project outputs Promoting events …

Understanding Twitter:

Understanding Twitter Applications such as SocialBro provide an understanding of how Twitter is being used 53 Most tweet daily Most follow >100 Most tweet <=5 times 1329

Using Twitter (For The Sceptic):

Using Twitter (For The Sceptic) Not a natural Twitterer , but see benefits? Have an avatar (portrait, animal, hobby) 54 Grow your community ( cf the conversations you miss) Participate in hashtagged events so like-minded people see you exist Share links to resources you care about (your stuff; stuff you’re reading) Favourite tweets (so others can see you’ve done so and maybe then follow you)

Understand Twitter Interactions:

Understand Twitter Interactions An @ message (can be delivered by SMS) 55 New followers: which should I follow back? The tweets which have been retweeted ( RTd ) Tweets which have been favourited (bookmarked)

Health Warning!:

Health Warning! Suggestions given can help to enhance the visibility of one’s research. Highly visible and popular research is not necessarily an indication of quality! 56

Conclusions:

Conclusions Be pro-active Make it easier for your peers to access your work by providing links in a timely fashion Monitor what works for you Don’t forget the Google juice Develop your network You can’t ignore Google Understand the potential benefits of Twitter 57

Any Questions?:

Cartoon 58 Any Questions?

Questions?:

Questions? Any questions, comments, …? 59

Licence and Additional Resources:

This presentation, “ Open Practices For Researchers ” by Brian Kelly, Cetis is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence Note the licence covers most of the text in this presentation. Quotations may have other licence conditions. Images may have other licence conditions. Where possible links are provided to the source of images so that licence conditions can be found . 60 Slides and further information available at http://ukwebfocus.wordpress.com/events/open-practices-for-researchers/ Licence and Additional Resources

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