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History grouppresents... : 

History grouppresents...

DELHI… : 

DELHI…

Slide 3: 

Delhi sultanate. Qutub Minar[ 1206 ] Jama masjid [1644] Red Fort [1648] Decline of Mughal empire India gate[1921] Parliament house[1927] Rashtrapati bhavan[1921] Lotus temple[1986]

Slide 4: 

Delhi Sultanate The dynasties which ruled Delhi as their capital were:- Slave or Mamluk Dynasty Khalji Dynasty Tughlaq Dynasty Sayyid Dynasty Lodi Dynasty Mughal Dynasty

Slide 5: 

Slave Dynasty Rulers:- Qutb- ud-din Aybak Aram Shah Shams ud din Iltutmish  Rukn ud din Firuz Raziyyat-ud-din Sultana Nassir ud din Mahmud Khalji Dynasty Rulers:- Jalal ud din Firuz Khilji Alauddin Khilji Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah

Slide 6: 

Tughlaq Dynasty Rulers:- Ghiyas ud din Tughluq Shah I Muhammad Shah II (Muhammad bin Tughluq) Mahmud Ibn Muhammad Firuz Shah Tughluq Ghiyas ud din Tughluq II  Nasiruddin Muhammad Shah III  Sikander Shah I Sayyid dynasty Rulers:- Khizr Khan Mubarak Shah Muhammad Shah Alam Shah Lodi dynasty Rulers:- Bahlul Lodi Sikandar Lodi  Ibrahim Lodi

Slide 7: 

The Mughal Empire After the rule of the Lodi dynasty the beginning of the Mughal Empire started. The Mughal Empire ( self designation),or Mogul (also Moghul) Empire in former English usage, was an imperial power in South Asia that ruled a large portion of the Indian subcontinent. It began in 1526, invaded and ruled most of India by the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and ended in the mid-19th century.

Slide 8: 

The Mughal dynasty was founded when Babur, hailing from Ferghana (Modern Uzbekistan), invaded parts of northern India and defeated Ibrahim Shah Lodi, the ruler of Delhi, at the First Battle of Panipat in 1526. The "classic period" of the Empire started in 1556 with the accession of Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar, better known as Akbar the Great. It ended with the death and defeat of Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707 by the rising Hindu Maratha Empire. The greatest portions of Mughal expansion was accomplished during the reign of Akbar (1556–1605).

Slide 9: 

Some of the important Mughal rulers were:-

Qutub Minar : 

Qutub Minar

The Minar : 

The Minar The Qutub Minar is a tower located in Delhi,India. It is the world's tallest brick minaret with a height of 72.5 meters (237.8 ft). Construction commenced by Qutb-ud-din Aibak who won Delhi from the Prithviraj under Muhammad of Ghor as his commander in chief, and finished by Iltutmish.

The minar : 

The minar The Qutub Minar is notable for being one of the earliest and most prominent examples of Indo-Islamic architecture. It is surrounded by several other ancient and medieval structures and ruins, collectively known as Qutub complex

Structure : 

Structure Qutub-Minar in red and buff sandstone is the highest tower in India. It has a diameter of 14.32m at the base and about 2.75m on the top with a height of 72.5m. Rajputs laid the foundation of Qutab Minar but after the invassion of Mohammed Ghori it was converted into a structure to celebrate the victory of Mohammed Ghori, the invader from Afghanistan, over the Rajputs in 1192

Structure : 

Structure Qutb-ud-din Aibak raised the first storey, to which were added three more storeys by his successor and son-in-law, Shamsu'd-Din IItutmish (AD 1211-36). All the storeys are surrounded by a projected balcony encircling the Minar and supported by stone brackets, which are decorated with honeycomb design, more conspicuously in the first storey.

The Qutub Mahal : 

The Qutub Mahal the Qutub Mahal comprises several superposed flanged and cylindrical shafts, separated by balconies carried on Muqarnas corbels. The minaret is made of fluted red sandstone covered with intricate carvings and verses from the Qur'an. The Qutub Minar is itself built on the ruins of Lal Kot, the Red Citadel in the city of Dhillika. Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, to the northeast of Minar was built by Qutbu'd-Din Aibak in AD 1198. It is the earliest mosque built by the Delhi Sultans

Importance of Qutub Minar : 

Importance of Qutub Minar The historical importance of Delhi is augmented by the fact that it is home to some of the finest piece of architecture ever built by man. Qutab Minar at Delhi is one of the most commanding architectural specimen built hundreds of years ago

Importance : 

Importance Qutab Minar is an amazing piece of heritage monument. From a height of 238 feet, you will be able to get a breath-taking view of the city of Delhi. The tower was built in three stages and the work was initiated by the slave king Qutab-ud-din Aibak. While Qutab-ud-din managed to complete one storey, it was Iltutmish who completed the next three.

Importance : 

Importance The monument has a total of five storeies tapering towards the top and each storey is marked by a circular balcony. The first three storeies are made of red sandstone while the fourth and the fifth are made of marble. One feature of the tower that stands out is the stalactite support to the balconies. Enjoy the beauty of the historic monument by booking a fine hotel in Delhi

Quwwat -ul Islam masjid : 

Quwwat -ul Islam masjid Qutab-ud-din built this fantastic mosque in order to commemorate the victory over Rai Pithora. This is one of the few remaining mosques built during the time. The mosque has a rectangular courtyard perhaps specifically created for It is the earliest mosque built by the Delhi Sultans. It consists of a rectangular courtyard enclosed by cloisters, erected with the carved columns and architectural members of 27 Hindu and Jain temples, which were demolished by Qutbu'd-Din Aibak as recorded in his inscription on the main eastern entrance.the purpose of offering

Iron Pillar : 

Iron Pillar Inside the Qutab Complex and in the courtyard of the mosque, there is an Iron Pillar. The most notable thing about the iron pillar is that even after 2000 years of being exposed to the elements, the pillar has not rusted. On the pillar there is an inscription in Sanskrit that clearly gives us an indication that the pillar was actually in Bihar and probably a part of a Vishnu Temple.

Tomb of Iltumish : 

Tomb of Iltumish To the north-west of the Iron Pillar, you will find the tomb of Iltutmish. The beauty of the place lies in the solemn quietness of the surroundings. The tomb is nothing short of a hallmark in Indo-Islamic architecture. The tomb was built a year before Iltutmish died and it bears traits of Iltutmish's personality.

Alai Darwaza : 

Alai Darwaza Alai Darwaza is often described as the gem of the Islamic architecture. Employing Islamic principles this gate was built with accurate construction and geometric ornamentation. The Alai Darwaza is a square domed building with intricate carvings in red sandstones and marbles.

Jama Masjid : 

Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid of Delhi is the largest mosque in India. It was built by the mughal emperor SHAH JAHAN in 17th century between 1644 and 1658 in his new capital shahjahanabad (old delhi ) : 

Jama Masjid of Delhi is the largest mosque in India. It was built by the mughal emperor SHAH JAHAN in 17th century between 1644 and 1658 in his new capital shahjahanabad (old delhi ) It was originally called the “Masjid-I-Jahan-Numa” or “Mosque commanding view of the world”.

FEATURES:* Jama Masjid was built of red sandstone * It has three gate ways, four towers and two minarets.* It has a series of domes on the top. : 

FEATURES:* Jama Masjid was built of red sandstone * It has three gate ways, four towers and two minarets.* It has a series of domes on the top. * The architechtural work of the Jama Masjid reflects the Persian influences. * It HAS FIVE DISTINCTIVE STOREYS WHICH HAVE CORRESPONDING BALCONY.

* The main entrance of the Jama Masjid is on the eastern side facing the red fort * The main prayer hall of the Jama Masjid is made up of high cusped arches and marble domes. : 

* The main entrance of the Jama Masjid is on the eastern side facing the red fort * The main prayer hall of the Jama Masjid is made up of high cusped arches and marble domes.

Red Fort : 

Red Fort

Slide 29: 

Red fort was built by shah jahan . Built in year 1648. Measures 930m by 495m.

Lahore gate : 

Lahore gate

Meena Bazaar : 

Meena Bazaar In this bazaar 300 yrs ago this bazaar catered to the luxury trade of the imperial household, specialized in exquisite carpets, and pashmina shawls; costumes; velvet pardahs and chiks; embroideries with zari and brocades; and a wide variety silks, woolens, velvets and which the Mughals used in their daily life; precious stones, exotic jewelry and indigenous ornaments; gold and silver utensils, ivory work; brass and copper wares; fine arms and armaments; gamesjafran (saffron), kasturi (musk) and other spices; and innumerous other stuff

Diwan- i - am : 

Diwan- i - am Raised on arches supported by pillars and with a façade of nine engraved arch openings, the Diwan-i-Am is the next structure, which one comes across, inside the fort complex. It is the Hall of Public Audience where the emperor received the general public and listened to their complaints.

Diwan - i - khas : 

Diwan - i - khas Agar firdaus bar rue zamin astHamin ast o hamin ast o hamin ast. (If there is paradise on earthIt is this, it is this, it is this) The inscription of the great poet Amir Khusrau over the corner arches of the northern and southern walls in the hall very aptly describes the beauty of Diwan-i-Khas. The emperor used Diwan-i-Khas or the Hall of Private Audience for holding private meetings with selected courtiers and visitors.

Khas mahal : 

Khas mahal Khas Mahal was the private palace of the Mughal Emperor. It consists of different sets of rooms, which were used by the emperor for sleeping, worshipping and living. 'Tasbih Khana' was a set of three rooms, which was used by the emperor for his private worship. Also known as 'Chamber of Telling beads', these rooms faced the elegant Diwan-i-Khas.

Muthamman Burj : 

Muthamman Burj

Rang Mahal : 

Rang Mahal Rang Mahal, also known as the Palace of ColorRang Mahal was either the common room of the Royal ladies or the residence of the emperor's chief wife and is said to be the place where the emperor took most of his meals. In the basement of the hall are rooms, which were used by the ladies during the summer. The rooms were also beautifully decorated and were designed in a such a manner that they stayed cool during the hot summer months.

Hammam : 

Hammam

Moti Masjid : 

Moti Masjid This small mosque lies on the west of the Hammam and is also known as Pearl Mosque. Aurangzeb built the mosque in 1659 for his private use. The mosque took five years to complete.. The hall is covered by three domes, which were originally copper plated. It is said that the royal ladies of the seraglio also used the mosque. However it is still not known why the mosque was called 'Pearl Mosque'

Mumtaz Mahal : 

Mumtaz Mahal Mumtaz Mahal is the southern end of all the palaces along the eastern wall of the Fort. Originally, along the riverfront, there were six main palaces and the Stream of Paradise or Nahr-i-Bihisht flowed through them. Mumtaz Mahal is one of them and it was the residence of Jahanara Begum, Shah Jahan's favorite daughter and the head of the royal harem.

Slide 41: 

Decline Of Mughal Empire

Slide 42: 

The last dynasty that ruled in Delhi as its capital were the mughals. They ruled the empire smoothly and with great efficiency. But after the rule of the great rulers, the empire faced a critical downfall. Aurangzeb was the last of the great mughals’ rulers. There were many reasons due to which the empire of the Delhi sultanate faced such a downfall. During his long absence from North India, Aurangzeb became involved in Deccan affairs, thereby, neglected his administration.

Slide 43: 

After the death of Aurangzeb, the three main groups of nobles assumed the role of king makers.

Slide 44: 

Mughal empire broke up under the rule of the later mughals. They were not as capable as the great Mughals and the nobles made it more difficult for themselves to rule.

Slide 45: 

During the later Mughals reign, some ambitious noblesestablished states that were virtually free from the mughal control.

INDIA GATE - NEW DELHI : 

INDIA GATE - NEW DELHI

INDIA GATE : 

INDIA GATE India gate bears the names of more than 13,516 british & indian soldiers killed in world war 1 & and afghan war

INDIA GATE : 

INDIA GATE SIR EDWIN LUTYENS & HERBERT BAKER DESIGNED THE INDIA GATE

FEATURES OF INDIA GATE : 

FEATURES OF INDIA GATE INDIA GATE is 42 meters high & stands tall in the heart of NEW DELHI

INDIA GATE - DELHI : 

INDIA GATE - DELHI The design of India Gate is similar to its French counterpart war memorial , THE ARC-DE-TRIOMPH. The war memorial arch , INDIA GATE was built by the British in the honor of the unknown martyrs , who lost their lives in world war 1 & second afghan war in 1919.

FEATURES : 

FEATURES It is also called ALL INDIA WAR MEMORIAL It is composed of red sandstones & Bharatpur stones. The height of the arch is 87’6” internally & 136’ externally.

Amar Jawan Jyoti : 

Amar Jawan Jyoti Amar Jawan Jyoti consist of a constantly burning flame to honor the memory of those who perished during world war -1

Parliament House of India : 

Parliament House of India

Slide 54: 

Very close to Rashtrapati Bahavan is situated the imposing Parliament House building another creation of the genius of Lutyens and Baker. It is a huge circular, colonnaded building where the sessions of Parliament are held. It has a dome-shaped circular Central Hall and three semi-circular structures, the Rajya Sabha, (Upper House), Lok Sabha (Lower House) and the library. A verandah with as many as 144 columns and the boundary wall has blocks of sandstone carved in geometrical patterns that remind one of the Mughal jaalis. No one is allowed to enter the gates without a valid permit and to obtain a visitor's pass; Indian nationals need to apply to the Parliament Secretariat and foreign nationals through their embassies or high commissions.

Slide 57: 

Parliament House accommodates the two Houses of Parliament, Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker, the architects of New Delhi, designed this building. His Royal Highness, the Duke of Connaught, laid the foundation stone of Parliament House in the year 1921. It took six years to complete the Delhi Parliament House and its was inaugurated in the year 1927 by the then Governor-General of India, Lord Irwin. A circular building, it also houses ministerial offices, a number of committee rooms and a brilliant library.

These members serve a 5 year term until the next General Election are held. 2 members are chosen by the president. House seats are apportioned among the states by population in such a manner that the ratio between that number and the population of the State is, so far as practicable, the same for all States. : 

These members serve a 5 year term until the next General Election are held. 2 members are chosen by the president. House seats are apportioned among the states by population in such a manner that the ratio between that number and the population of the State is, so far as practicable, the same for all States.

Slide 61: 

Parliament House accommodates the two Houses of Parliament, Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker, the architects of New Delhi, designed this building. His Royal Highness, the Duke of Connaught, laid the foundation stone of Parliament House in the year 1921. It took six years to complete the Delhi Parliament House and its was inaugurated in the year 1927 by the then Governor-General of India, Lord Irwin. A circular building, it also houses ministerial offices, a number of committee rooms and a brilliant library.

Herbert Baker designed Parliament House of India : 

Herbert Baker designed Parliament House of India

RASHTRAPATI BHAWAN : 

RASHTRAPATI BHAWAN

Slide 65: 

INTRODUCTION Rashtrapati Bhawan was formely known as ‘Viceroy’s House’ and was occupied by the Governor-general of India,until independence.It has floor area of 200,000 Sq.feet.

Slide 66: 

Sir edwin lutyens with his model Rashtrapati Bhawan

Slide 67: 

Sir Herbert Baker Sir Herbert Baker designed Rashtrapati Bhawan

Slide 68: 

Dinner held in Rashtrapati Bhawan

Slide 69: 

Rashtrapati Bhawan was designed with Indian and European style One of the indian style in rashtrapati bhawan One of the european style in rashtrapati bhawan Architecture of Rashtrapati Bhawan

Slide 70: 

Mugal Garden President coming at Mugal Garden

Slide 71: 

LOTUS TEMPLE

Slide 72: 

Lotus Temple in Delhi is often compared to Sydney opera house. Located at Connaught place and is a top attraction far the tourists. It has traces of nine great religions of the world and traces its genesis to its prophet Baha’u’llah, INTRODUCTION

Slide 73: 

Baha’u’llah, was born in persia in the Twentieth century. Baha'u'llah,

Slide 74: 

It has beautiful Gardens It has big Hall about 34.27m.high It also has pools FEATURES OF LOTUS TEMPLE

Slide 75: 

Mughal dynasty : Saumya Shah. Qutub Minar : Parmi Modi and Ishita Parikh. Jama Masjid : Vani Savani. Red Fort : Ami Sanghvi. Decline of Mughal dynasty : Jyoti Thanvi. India Gate : Yatri Shah. Parliamment House : Dhruvi Shah. Rashtrapati Bhavan and Lotus Temple :Ayush Kapil, Yash Mehta, Jigar , Harsh Shah.

Thank you : 

Thank you

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