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Premium member Presentation Transcript PROJECT COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT: PROJECT COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT SHWETANG PANCHAL SIGMA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT STUDIESLearning Objectives: Learning Objectives 2 Understand the importance of good communication on projects and describe the major components of a communications management plan Discuss the elements of project communications planning, including information distribution, performance reporting, and administrative closure Discuss various methods for project information distribution and the advantages and disadvantages of each Understand individual communication needs and how to determine the number of communications channels needed for a projectLearning Objectives: Learning Objectives 3 Understand how the main outputs of performance reporting help stakeholders stay informed about project resources Recognize how the main outputs of administrative closure are used to formally end a project List various methods for improving project communications, such as managing conflicts, running effective meetings, using e-mail effectively, and using templates Describe how software can enhance project communicationsImportance of Good Communications: Importance of Good Communications 4 The greatest threat to many projects is a failure to communicate Our culture does not portray IT professionals as being good communicators Research shows that IT professionals must be able to communicate effectively to succeed in their positions Strong verbal skills are a key factor in career advancement for IT professionalsProject Communications Management Processes: Project Communications Management Processes 5 Communications planning: determining the information and communications needs of the stakeholders Information distribution: making needed information available in a timely manner Performance reporting: collecting and disseminating performance information Administrative closure: generating, gathering, and disseminating information to formalize phase or project completionCommunications Planning: Communications Planning 6 Every project should include some type of communications management plan, a document that guides project communications Creating a stakeholder analysis for project communications also aids in communications planningCommunications Management Plan Contents: Communications Management Plan Contents 7 A description of a collection and filing structure for gathering and storing various types of information A distribution structure describing what information goes to whom, when, and how A format for communicating key project information A project schedule for producing the information Access methods for obtaining the information A method for updating the communications management plans as the project progresses and develops A stakeholder communications analysisSample Stakeholder Analysis for Project Communications: Sample Stakeholder Analysis for Project CommunicationsInformation Distribution: Information Distribution Getting the right information to the right people at the right time and in a useful format is just as important as developing the information in the first place Important considerations include using technology to enhance information distribution formal and informal methods for distributing informationWhat Went Wrong?: What Went Wrong? A well publicized example of misuse of e-mail comes from the 1998 Justice Department's high profile, antitrust suit against Microsoft. E-mail emerged as a star witness in the case. Many executives sent messages that should never have been put in writing. The court used e-mail as evidence, even though the senders of the notes said the information was being interpreted out of context.Media Choice Table: Media Choice TableThe Impact of the Number of People on Communications Channels: The Impact of the Number of People on Communications ChannelsPerformance Reporting: Performance Reporting Performance reporting keeps stakeholders informed about how resources are being used to achieve project objectives Status reports describe where the project stands at a specific point in time Progress reports describe what the project team has accomplished during a certain period of time Project forecasting predicts future project status and progress based on past information and trends Status review meetings often include performance reportingAdministrative Closure: Administrative Closure A project or phase of a project requires closure Administrative closure produces project archives formal acceptance lessons learnedSuggestions for Improving Project Communications: Suggestions for Improving Project Communications Manage conflicts effectively Develop better communication skills Run effective meetings Use e-mail effectively Use templates for project communicationsConflict Handling Modes, in Preference Order: Conflict Handling Modes, in Preference Order Confrontation or problem-solving: directly face a conflict Compromise: use a give-and-take approach Smoothing: de-emphasize areas of differences and emphasize areas of agreement Forcing: the win-lose approach Withdrawal: retreat or withdraw from an actual or potential disagreementConflict Can Be Good: Conflict Can Be Good Conflict often produces important results, such as new ideas, better alternatives, and motivation to work harder and more collaboratively Groupthink can develop if there are no conflicting viewpoints Research by Karen Jehn suggests that task-related conflict often improves team performance, but emotional conflict often depresses team performanceDeveloping Better Communication Skills: Developing Better Communication Skills Companies and formal degree programs for IT professionals often neglect the importance of developing speaking, writing, and listening skills As organizations become more global, they realize they must invest in ways to improve communication with people from different countries and cultures It takes leadership to improve communicationRunning Effective Meetings: Running Effective Meetings Determine if a meeting can be avoided Define the purpose and intended outcome of the meeting Determine who should attend the meeting Provide an agenda to participants before the meeting Prepare handouts, visual aids, and make logistical arrangements ahead of time Run the meeting professionally Build relationshipsUsing E-Mail Effectively: Using E-Mail Effectively Make sure that e-mail is an appropriate medium for what you want to communicate Be sure to send the e-mail to the right people Use meaningful subjects Limit the content to one main subject, and be as clear and concise as possible Limit the number and size of attachments Delete e-mail you don’t need, and don’t open it if you question the source Make sure your virus software is up to date Respond to and file e-mails quickly Learn how to use important featureSUsing Templates for Project Communications: Using Templates for Project Communications Many technical people are afraid to ask for help Providing examples and templates for project communications saves time and money Organizations can develop their own templates, use some provided by outside organizations, or use samples from textbooks Recall that research shows that companies that excel in project management make effective use of templatesSample Template for a Project Description: Sample Template for a Project DescriptionSample Template for a Monthly Progress Report: Sample Template for a Monthly Progress ReportSample Template for a Letter of Agreement for a Class Project: Sample Template for a Letter of Agreement for a Class ProjectOutline for a Final Project Report: Outline for a Final Project ReportFinal Project Documentation Items: Final Project Documentation ItemsGantt Chart Template for a Class Project: Gantt Chart Template for a Class ProjectGuidance for Student’s Lessons Learned Report: Guidance for Student’s Lessons Learned ReportSample Template for a Project Web Site: Sample Template for a Project Web SiteDeveloping a Communications Infrastructure: Developing a Communications Infrastructure A communications infrastructure is a set of tools, techniques, and principles that provide a foundation for the effective transfer of information Tools include e-mail, project management software, groupware, fax machines, telephones, teleconferencing systems, document management systems, and word processors Techniques include reporting guidelines and templates, meeting ground rules and procedures, decision-making processes, problem-solving approaches, and conflict resolution and negotiation techniques Principles include using open dialog and an agreed upon work ethicUsing Software to Assist in Project Communications: Using Software to Assist in Project Communications There are many software tools to aid in project communications. Today more than 37 percent of people telecommute or work remotely at least part-time Project management software includes new capabilities to enhance virtual communications Project 2002’s enterprise edition includes features for portfolio management, resource management, and collaborationQuestions ? If any ?: Questions ? If any ? Thank You 32 You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.