Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

HNR 312 Research Project

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Complementary and Alternative Medicine:

Brandy Alexander HNR 312 R esearch Project June, 2012 Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Purpose:

Purpose Analyze misconceptions of CAM Increase knowledge/awareness Provider-to-patient communication Encourage research Solid evidence

What is CAM?:

What is CAM? Cultural or Un-conventional medicine Broad definitions generate damaging stereotypes New individual focus: “[CAM] includes those systems and modalities of healthcare that define and solve health problems in a context that is not congruent with the patient’s rationale, life-world, and identity, regardless of societal and medical conventions.”

Common Examples:

Common Examples 1) Whole medical systems 2) Mind-body medicine 3) Biology-based practices 4) Manipulative and body-based practices 5) Energy medicine 1 2 4 5 3 Traditional Chinese Medicine Meditation Chiropractic Therapy Herbal Tea Bio-Energy Therapy

Benefits:

Benefits Medical schools have non-traditional medical courses Wholesome mind, body, and spirit Quality time spent with CAM practitioners

Problems and Controversy:

Problems and Controversy Critical Risks: Quality of Care, Products and Science Perceptions of superiority No incentive to fund expensive studies Poor research

Why do people use CAM?:

Why do people use CAM? Traditional folk medicine Holistic lifestyle Negative experiences with western medicine Congruent to beliefs

Ethnicity:

Ethnicity False Perceptions Obligations to culture Classifications based on ethnicity run the risk of appearing racist. The use of ethnic-specific forms of CAM is declining among ethnic groups as they acculturate to the U.S.

Age:

Age False Perceptions Last-ditch effort of the elderly Statistics show that the elderly are the least likely to seek help even though they are the most likely to need help

Socioeconomics:

Socioeconomics False Perceptions Similar to conventional medicine CAM use and expenditures is increasing CAM insurance is increasing

Conclusions:

Conclusions Misconceptions and bias It’s an option for everyone Multiple other factors damage CAM reputation “Office of Unconventional Medical Practices”  “Office of Alternative Medicine”  “National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine” Positive future

References:

References Astin , John. “Why Patients Use Alternative Medicine (Results of a National Study)”. The Journal of the American Medical Association. 279.19 (1998). JAMA Network. 20 May 1998. Web. < http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=187543 >. Bajaj, Ashish . “Integrating Alternative Medicine Into Practice”. The Journal of the American Medical Association. 280.18 (1998). JAMA Network. 11 Nov. 1998. Web. < http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=188158 > Caspi , O., Sechrest , L., Pitluk , H. C., Marshall, C. L., & al, e. (2003). On the definition of complementary, alternative, and integrative medicine: Societal mega-stereotypes vs. the patients perspectives. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 9 (6), 58-62. http://search.proquest.com/docview/204824475?accountid=39473 Chan, Eugenia. "Quality of Efficacy Research in Complementary and Alternative Medicine." The Journal of the American Medical Association 299.22 (2008). JAMA Network . 11 June 2008. Web. <http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=182045>. Eisenberg, David. "Trends in Alternative Medicine Use in the United States, 10-1997 (Results of a Follow up of a National Survey)." Journal of the American Medical Association 280.18 (1998). JAMA Network . 11 Nov. 1998. Web. <http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=188148>. Emmerton , L., Fejzic , J., & Tett , S. E. (2012). Consumers experiences and values in conventional and alternative medicine paradigms: A problem detection study (PDS). BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 12 (1), n/a-39. doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-39 Ernst, E. (2000). The role of complementary and alternative medicine. British Medical Journal, 321 (7269), 1133-5. http://search.proquest.com/docview/204000669?accountid=39473 Eskiazi , Daniel. "Factors That Shape Alternative Medicine." The Journal of the American Medical Association 280.18 (1998). JAMA Network . 11 Nov. 1998. Web. < http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=188155>.

References Cont.:

References Cont. Fontanarosa , Phil. “Alternative Medicine Meet Science”. The Journal of the American Medical Association. 280.18 (1998). JAMA Network. 11 Nov. 1998. Web. <http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=188137>. Grzywacz , J. G., Suerken , C. K., Neiberg , R. H., Lang, W., & al, e. (2007). “Age, ethnicity, and use of complementary and alternative medicine in health self-management”. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 48 (1), 84-98. http://search.proquest.com/docview/201677552?accountid=39473 Jonas, Wayne. “Alternative Medicine—Learning from the Past, Examining the Present, Advancing to the Future.” The Journal of the American Medical Association 280.18 (1998). JAMA Network. 11 Nov.1998. Web. <http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=188136> Lee, J. H., Goldstein, M. S., Richard Brown, E., & Ballard- barbash , R. (2010). How does acculturation affect the use of complementary and alternative medicine providers among mexican - and asian - americans ? Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 12 (3), 302-9. doi:10.1007/s10903-008-9171-1 Lovell, B. (2009). The integration of bio-medicine and culturally based alternative medicine: Implications for health care providers and patients. Global Health Promotion, 16 (4), 65-68,86,93. http://search.proquest.com/docview/233339407?accountid=39473 Offit , Paul. "Studying Complementary and Alternative Therapies." Journal of the American Medical Association 307.17 (2012). JAMA Network . 2 May 2012. Web. <http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jama.2012.518>. Tindle , H. A., Davis, R. B., Phillips, R. S., & Eisenberg, D. M. (2005). Trends in use of complementary and alternative medicine by us adults: 1997-2002. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 11 (1), 42-9. http:// search.proquest.com/docview/204833462?accountid=39473

authorStream Live Help