Body Image

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Body Image:

Branden Schultz Body Image

Body Image:

What is body image? How you see yourself – in a mirror and in your own mind How you feel about your body What do you believe that your body should look like What influences a person’s view about their body? Body Image


Media Sports figures Film stars Influences


TV Advertising Video Games Women Big chested Big butt Perfect Face and hourglass body Skimpy clothing Men Muscular Perfect Hair Influences






Toys Teaching from a young age Barbie GI Joe Misperceptions Put an image in our children’s head that is unrealistic “Photoshopped” Photos in magazines and other places Professionally touched up Creates an unrealistic “perfect” portrayal of that person Influences


Misperceptions If Barbie was real… 18” waist, 33” hips, size 3 shoe 5’9” height, 110 lbs BMI would be 16.24 Classified as Underweight (anorexia) Would likely not menstruate Later… If GI Joe was real 55” chest 27” bicep Biceps would be almost as big as waist Bigger than most body builders Compared to an average male at same height, they would have a bicep about 11.5” Mark McGwire’s biceps are only 20” Influences

Video: Video

Misperceptions and the Effects:

Can lead to individual’s trying to find an easy way out Liposuction Think that they don’t need to worry about exercising because they can just suck it all out In reality takes a lot of work to maintain after surgery Eating disorders Not eating Eating and then throwing up Misperceptions and the Effects

Eating Disorders:

Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa Female Athlete Triad Eating Disorders

Anorexia Nervosa:

Refusal to maintain healthy body weight Intense fear of gaining weight Distorted body image Symptoms Dieting despite being thin Obsession over calories and nutrition Constantly thinking about food Compulsive exercising Body effects Severe mood swings Lack of energy Slowed thinking Dizziness, fainting, and headaches Anorexia Nervosa


Treatment Getting help Admitting the problem Talk to someone Stay away from things that trigger your obsession Seek professional help Professional will help: Get you back to a healthy weight Help you to start eating more food Change how you think about yourself and food Counseling and therapy Nutritional Psychological Anorexia

Bulimia Nervosa:

Binge eating followed by excessive weight control methods such as vomiting, fasting, excessive use of laxatives, and compulsive exercising Body Effects Erosion of teeth enamel Cavities Dehydration Irregular heartbeat Bulimia Nervosa


Symptoms Eating uncontrollably followed by purging Using the bathroom frequently after meals Excessive exercising Sore throat Mood Swings Irregular periods Treatment Requires professional consultation May include: Psychological counseling Medications such as anti depressants Bulimia

Female Athlete Triad:

Pressured by sport expectations, parents, or coaches Tend to see it in sports that lower weight has advantages Long distance running Gymnastics Figure skating 3 Factors – Each factor tends to build off the previous Disordered Eating Amenorrhea Osteoporosis Female Athlete Triad

Disordered Eating:

Can be any of the eating disorders Anorexia Bulimia Binge eating Disordered Eating


Exercising intensely paired with not getting enough calories Leads to decrease in estrogen This helps regulate a female’s menstrual cycle Could result in irregular periods or may stop completely. Amenorrhea


Low estrogen levels and Poor nutrition (calcium intake) can lead to this Osteoporosis- weakening of bones due to loss of bone density and improper bone formation May end a female’s career Stress fractures Other injuries If continued could lead to more complications later in life Osteoporosis

Positive and Negative Body Image:

Negative Body I mage Distorted perception of their body Convinced only other people are attractive Feel ashamed, self-conscious, and anxious about body Feel uncomfortable and awkward in your body Positive and Negative Body Image

Positive and Negative Body Image:

Positive Body Image Clear, true perception of body Celebrate and appreciate the natural shape of your body Accept your unique body and push any negative thoughts away Feel comfortable and confident in your body Positive and Negative Body Image


Think about how you see your own body Write down each characteristic on a separate slip of paper and fold it up and put it in the bucket Don’t write name on anything Its okay to state both positive and negative things nobody will know who put what We will go through together if the characteristic is part of a positive body image or a negative body image Activity

Steps to Positive Body Image:

Appreciate what your body can do Make a list of top 10 things you like about your body Remember “true beauty” is not just skin deep Look at your body as a whole not only one part Surround yourself with positive people Do away with negative voices in your head Wear clothes that are comfortable and make you feel good about yourself Become critical viewer of media Do something nice for yourself Use time and energy to help others instead of worrying about food, calories, and weight Steps to Positive Body Image


Make a list of all the positive things about your body Keep it and put it somewhere you tend to look every day Read your list when you are feeling down about your appearance Activity


Healthyducks . (2013, February 20). [Web log message]. Retrieved from References

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