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Slide 2: 

After World War I Treaty of Versailles seriously damaged German economy Adolf Hitler came to power Promised to restore Germany’s greatness Lebensraum, or “living room” Hitler wanted more territory Neighbors aware of threat Memories of World War I still fresh No one willing to fight over words

German Dictator, Adolph Hitler : 

German Dictator, Adolph Hitler

Other Dictators : 

Other Dictators Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union Dictatorship – country ruled by one all-powerful person Francisco Franco ruled Spain Benito Mussolini ruled Italy. Hirohito ruled Japan

Sides are Drawn : 

Sides are Drawn Axis Powers Germany Japan Italy Allies United States Britain USSR

The War Begins : 

The War Begins Japan, Italy, and Germany began taking over other countries. Sept. 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland British and French leaders had had enough! Declared war on Germany on Sept. 3, 1939. British and French not able to stop Germany from taking over other countries.

The United States : 

The United States Many thought we should stay out President Franklin Roosevelt promised to keep up out of the war. Prepared for attack just in case. 1st peacetime draft Men ages 21-39 had to register Started making war supplies

Japanese Invasion Spreads : 

Japanese Invasion Spreads Japanese invaded Indochina, now what is Cambodia, Laos,and Vietnam American leaders were afraid Japan would threaten the Philippines and other Pacific islands They were RIGHT!

U.S. Enters the War : 

U.S. Enters the War December 7, 1941, Japanese planes attacked Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands. Dropped bombs on American ships at the Pearl Harbor naval base. In less than two hours, Japan had destroyed most of the U.S. Pacific fleet. More than 2,000 sailors and 68 civilians were killed.

Declaration of War : 

Declaration of War Day after the attack at Pearl Harbor President Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan Congress declared war that same day. Italy and Germany, Japan’s allies, declared war on the U.S. three days later.

A Grand Alliance : 

A Grand Alliance The Big Three Great Britain (Winston Churchill) The U.S. (FDR) The Soviet Union (Joseph Stalin) Strategies for War Defeat Germany first

Race to Berlin : 

Race to Berlin D-Day was the turning point of the western front. Stalingrad was the turning point of the eastern front. The British, U.S., and Free French armies began to press into western Germany as the Soviets invaded eastern Germany. Both sides raced to Berlin.

Victory in Europe : 

Victory in Europe Mussolini was captured and killed by Italian partisans and Hitler committed suicide in April 1945, as the Russian troops took Berlin. Germany surrendered unconditionally on May 7, 1945 (V-E Day). Fighting in the Pacific would continue until August.

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Cost of War : 

Cost of War Germany- 3 million combat deaths (3/4ths on the eastern front) Japan – over 1.5 combat deaths; 900,000 civilians dead Soviet Union - 13 million combat deaths U.S. – 300,000 combat deaths, over 100,000 other deaths When you include all combat and civilian deaths, World War II becomes the most destructive war in history with estimates as high as 60 million, including 25 million Russians.

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