MotherBoard

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AHMET ERALP KÜÇÜK BERAT İYİLİK ERKAN İMİR FATİH UNIVERSITY

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Presentation Transcript

Slide 1: 

AHMET ERALP KÜÇÜK (07010704) BERAT İYİLİK (07010730) ERKAN İMİR (07010717) PREPARED BY

Slide 2: 

Primary and the most important component of the computer is motherboard that is called sometimes such as main board, baseboard, system board, planar board and logic board. MOTHERBOARD

Slide 3: 

As far as it’s name is understood, the motherboard hosts some important parts such as BIOS and RAM etc.We can connect among devices thanks to motherboard. The motherboard is consist of some vital part of computer which can not work without these parts What is the motherboard?

CPU socket USB connector DIMM socket Chipset BIOS CMOS ISA slot PCI slot ATX connector COM ports AGP slot IDE connectors Floppy Drive connector Mainboards Contains

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CPU Socket or CPU slot where in motherboard provides connection to with CPU that is central processing unit order and control computer’s tasks. The processor is the computer’s brain. It runs programs using a set of instructions by order. 1.CPU Socket

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The motherboard has a slot that sometimes several, for multi-processor main-board. The processor is inserted, called the processor socket or slot. There are two kind of slots in the motherboard. In normally, only one slot is in motherboard. There are different slots in the motherboard because of different processor types and shapes.

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We can connect our external hardware thanks to USB Connector. USB (Universal Serial Bus) Connector has plug and play system. That means whenever the devices plug in the computer, the computer runs immediately. 2.USB Connector

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The socket ,where connects with RAM (Random Access Memory), is a piece of motherboard. RAM is used to store (temporary store) data while the computer is working. That means when you shut down or restart your computer, the data lost. 3.DIMM Socket

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The chipset is a kind of processor that manages interface relation (hardwired) and provides data transfer. In generally, there are two types of chipset which are called North Bridge and South Bridge.

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North Bridge: To control AGP,RAM and CPU. South Bridge: To control the others (PCI,USB,ISA, IDE,BIOS etc.)

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BIOS (Basic input/output system) which has a special software in order to connect between operating system and motherboard. It is known as first power on software of computer. Bios' task is to prepare hardware and software for working computer. This process is known booting. Some main features can adjust via BIOS in the motherboard. 5.BIOS

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BIOS consist of memory part that is named EEPROM (Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory). EPROM's the most important feature is when the electricity break, keeping the data thanks to BIOS battery.

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The BIOS battery on the motherboard that keeps the BIOS alive when the computer is off. BIOS is ROM (Read Only Memory), that means it is not written again because ROM has a non-removable structure.

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BIOS takes all of the adjustment and options about installed hardware from CMOS (Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor) chip. A lot of information are recorded in the CMOS chip. For instance which device is first boot (CD-Rom or Floppy) which driver installed in CMOS chip, power options etc. While the computer turn off, CMOS saves the data thanks to battery. 6.CMOS

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ISA slots (Industry Standard Architecture) for inserting ISA slots. Only some card that proper 16 bit system can be inserted here. However, it is not common recently because PCI Slots are preferred instead of ISA slots. 7.ISA SLOTS

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PCI slots (Peripheral Component Interconnect) for connecting PCI cards. PCI slots are designed 32 bit system so, it uses more common to ISA slots because it is much faster than ISA slots. That means cards’ working performance is increase. 8.PCI SLOTS

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ATX Connector feature is provided power supply by motherboard. Power supply provides to get necessary energy with helping of power unit thanks to ATX connector. For instance, as long as the user do not touch mouse and keyboard, the screen is closed automatically via ATX connector. 9.ATX Connector

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COMs ports ,where is part of computer, are motherboard’s external connection is via here. 10.COM Ports

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There is only one on the motherboard. AGP slots are created special for display card. This slots works 128 bits system near to processor, the reason is that provide more faster data transfer among processor. Green part is a AGP slot 11.AGP Slots

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There are two IDE connector on the motherboard these connector are for hard disc and CD-ROM. These connectors provide connection among motherboard-hard disc and motherboard-CD ROM by data cable. 12.IDE Connector

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Floppy disc plug in here. Data transfer is provided by data cables. 13.Floppy Drive Connector

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