Category: Entertainment

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Automated Dialogue Recording, or A.D.R., is the dubbing done in addition to or as a substitution of location sound. The term A.D.R. has a certain appeal that makes it obscure to the fact that dubbing was involved when it appears in the credits of a film. A.D.R. includes the re-recording of dialogue due to errors in audio, sequencing looking off, and other dilemmas that have to do with how smoothly audio looks in relation to how an actor or actress says it. The person re-recording the audio will watch a scene over and over until they can accurately get the consistency and smoothness of the sequence. Automated Dialogue Recording


Prior to development, a double exposure occurs when an exposed piece of film is reshot with a second image on the top first. Several exposures can be made, but it is still valid to call it a “double” exposure rather than a “triple” or “quadruple” exposure. It is normal to say something like “five double exposures”, where four images are placed over one final image, although it is still acceptable and shorter to call it a “double exposure”. Double Exposure From Alfred Hitchcock’s “The Wrong Man”


Usually a wide shot, this single-shot incorporates the whole scene in it from beginning to end. A master shot will typically shot first, and then afterwards all the close-ups and other shots would be added to the scene. Master Shots An example of a master shot in Steven Spielberg's “Catch Me if You Can”


“Syncing” is the degree to which sound and picture are lined-up, in-sync lined up exactly, and out-of-sync not so exactly. This can be applied to any specific sound and picture relationship, not just voices and not just sync-sound, but any type of specific effect too. Syncing is used in a few other types of film media. Syncing can be used in TV, animation, and silent films if sound effects are used. If sound and video are not in sync to the point where it is very obvious and noticeable, then re-recordings or re-takes may have to take place. Sync


A time lapse is when single frame shooting is used to dramatically speed up action over the course of a long period of time. Typically it is a process where a single frame is shot after a consistent pause. It could be one frame every ten seconds, or one frame every hour and such. Time Lapse

Double Exposure :

Double Exposure A piece of film is reshot with a second image on top of the first Several exposures can be made, but it is still called “double exposure” rather than “triple”

Dutch Tilt :

Dutch Tilt A composition with the camera viewing the scene at a diagonal

Establishing Shot :

Establishing Shot Sets up the context for a scene by showing the relationship the relationship between its important figures and objects Generally a long or extreme shot at the beginning of a scene

The Slate :

The Slate A board with two hinged sticks attached. Used to record a scene number and sync point a the beginning of the shot

Tilt :

Tilt A vertical camera move on an axis up or down Not to be used interchangeably with pan

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