Red Herring-: Red Herring- An idiom that refers to a logical fallacy that misleads or detracts from the actual issue. It often leads readers and characters to a false conclusion. Example: The character of Bishop Aringarosa in Dan Browns the Da Vinci code is presented from most of the novel as if he is the center of the churches conspiracies, but is later revealed to be innocently duped by the true antagonist of the story.
False Dilemma : False Dilemma A type of informal fallacy that involves a situation in which limited choices are considered or believed to be possible, when in fact there is at least one additional option . You think you have only one option, when in reality you have multiple. In psychology a related phenomenon to the false dilemma is black and white thinking. Many people routinely engage in this thinking. Ex. Someone who labels other people as all good or all bad and fails to see the middle ground.
Glittering Generalizations: Glittering Generalizations An emotionally appealing word , so closely associated to highly valued concepts or beliefs that it carries conviction without supporting information with a reason. Their appeal to emotions may include love of country and home, desire for peace, freedom, glory, and honor.