Group Discussion

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.: . By Group Discussion Bonala Kondal

What is GD? : What is GD? Group Discussion is a systematic and purposeful interactive oral process where the exchange of ideas, thoughts and feelings takes place. It involves person to person as well as person to group interaction.

Difference b/w GD and Debate: Difference b/w GD and Debate Group Discussion An interactive oral process. Co operative group process. It is systematic. It is a purposeful and goal-oriented activity. Debate It is more formal than GD. It must be either in favour or against a given point of view.

Importance of GD: Importance of GD The importance of Group Discussion increased in recent times due to its increasing role as an effective tool in Problem solving, Decision making and Personality assessment.

Dynamics of Group Discussion: Dynamics of Group Discussion Successful GDs share some or all of the seven features. 1. Agreement on Group Goals 2. Goal oriented Interaction 3. Agreement on Procedures 4. Cooperative and Friendly Atmosphere 5. Use of Effective Communication Techniques 6. Equitable Distribution of Participation 7. Shared Leadership

Evaluation Components: Evaluation Components During a group discussion, employers evaluate the potential or leadership and also the ability to work in a team. The four components evaluated in a group discussion are: 1. Knowledge 2. Communication Skills 3. Group Behaviour / Team Management 4. Leadership Potential

1. Knowledge: 1. Knowledge The depth and range of the knowledge. As analytical and organizational abilities. Able to grasp the situation and analyze it not just at a mundane level, but from the widest perspective.

2. Communication Skills: 2. Communication Skills Active listening Clarity of thought and expression Apt language Appropriateness of body language Positive attitude

3. Team Management: 3. Team Management Adaptability Positive attitude Cooperation Coordination

4. Leadership Skills: 4. Leadership Skills Initiative Analysis Assertiveness Self-confidence Objectivity Patience and Composure Persuasiveness Motivation

Types of Group Discussion: Types of Group Discussion GDs can be Topic-based Case-based .

Topic Based GDs : Topic Based GDs GD can be classified into three types - Factual Topics - Factual topics are about practical things, which an ordinary person is aware of in his day-to-day life. Typically these are about socio-economic topics. These can be current, i.e. they may have been in the news lately, or could be unbound by time. A factual topic for discussion gives a candidate a chance to prove that he is aware of and sensitive to his environment. E.g. The education policy of India, Tourism in India, State of the aged in the nation ..contd

Contd. : Contd. Controversial Topics - Controversial topics are the ones that are argumentative in nature. They are meant to generate controversy. In GDs where these topics are given for discussion, the noise level is usually high, there may be tempers flying. The idea behind giving a topic like this is to see how much maturity the candidate is displaying by keeping his temper in check, by rationally and logically arguing his point of view without getting personal and emotional. E.g. Reservations should be removed, Women make better managers ..contd.

Contd.. : Contd.. Abstract Topics - Abstract topics are about intangible things. These topics are not given often for discussion, but their possibility cannot be ruled out. These topics test your lateral thinking and creativity. E.g. A is an alphabet, Twinkle twinkle little star, the number 10

Case-Based GDs : Case-Based GDs Another variation is the use of a case instead of a topic. The case study tries to simulate a real-life situation. Information about the situation will be given to you and you would be asked as a group to resolve the situation. In the case study there are no incorrect answers or perfect solutions. The objective in the case study is to get you to think about the situation from various angles. IIM A, IIM Indore and IIT SOM Mumbai have a case-based discussion rather than topic-based discussion in their selection procedures.

Types of Group Discussion: Types of Group Discussion Freewheeling / Student-led Moderator-led Detail Observatory Style

Freewheeling / Student-led: Freewheeling / Student-led In this type of GD, the participants are given a room where they have to manage everything from deciding the topic of discussion to arranging their seats. After completion of GD, evaluator asks questions regarding how they managed GD etc. and why. This form of GD examines the overall capabilities of the candidate to work in an organisation.

Moderator-led: Moderator-led These GDs are more common in practice. Here a moderator remains present during the discussion. He gives the topic of discussion, informs them about the time limits, and often asks the silent member to summarize the discussion. In this kind of GD, the analytical thinking of the participants is given importance.

Detail Observatory Style: Detail Observatory Style Some GDs also include hi-tech methods like close circuit cameras etc. to assess the overall behaviour of the participants. In this GD, participants are observed from another room using audio-visual aids. The examiner evaluates the candidates according to the behaviour in the absence of an evaluator physically present before them.

GD Strategies: GD Strategies Getting the GD Started Contributing Systematically Creating a Friendly Cooperative Atmosphere Moving the Discussion Along Promoting Optimal Participation Handling Conflict Effecting Closure

Techniques for Individual Contribution: Techniques for Individual Contribution Topic Analysis Discussing Opinions Discussing Problems Discussing Case Studies

Group Interaction Strategies: Group Interaction Strategies Exchanging Opinions Asking for Opinions Giving Opinions Supporting Your Opinions Balancing Points of View Agreeing and Disagreeing Exchanging Suggestions and Proposals Requesting Suggestions Making Suggestions Accepting and Rejecting Proposals

Asking for Opinions: Asking for Opinions Directed at one person What is your opinion about this? What do you feel about it? What do you think about that? Have you any strong view on this? Do you want to make any comments? Do you have anything to say? Directed at group What is the general view on this? What is the general feeling about this? Any reaction to that? Does anyone have strong views on this? Does anybody have any comments to make? Does anybody have anything to say?

Giving Opinions: Giving Opinions Strong Opinions I have no doubt that… I’m pretty sure that… I strongly believe that… As far as I am concerned… Tentative Opinions It appears to me that… It seems to me that… As it appears to me… I might accept the view that… I tend to favour the view that… Neutral Opinions I think that… I feel that… I believe that… From a social point of view… As I see it… As I find it… According to me.. The way I see it is that… Personally, I think…

Agreement: Agreement Strong agreement I strongly agree. I quite agree. I completely agree. I’m in complete agreement. Of course, yes. Yes, definitely. Yes, certainly. Exactly. Precisely. Neutral agreement I agree. Yes. Of course. Right. That’s true. You are right. OK That’s fine. I think you are right.

Disagreement: Disagreement Strong disagreement I strongly disagree. I disagree completely. This is totally unacceptable. That is out of question. Definitely not. Of course not! Neutral disagreement I disagree. I don’t agree. No. That’s not true. That’s not right. I think you are mistaken.

Requesting suggestions: Requesting suggestions Directed at a person What do you suggest? What is your suggestion? What would you suggest? What should we do? What do you recommend? Do you think we should…? Directed at a group - Any suggestions? - Any recommendations? - Do any of you have any suggestions? - I’d like to have some of your recommendations? - Do any of you want to make any suggestions/recommendation?

Making Suggestions: Making Suggestions Strong suggestion There’s no way but to... There’s no alternative but to… The only way is to… The only alternative is to… The only solution is to… Neutral suggestion I suggest that… I would suggest that… We should… My suggestion is that… My recommendation is that… One alternative could be… One way would be to… One solution could be…

Accepting Proposal: Accepting Proposal Strong support I’m sure that is the best option. It is the best solution. It is an excellent idea. I strongly in favour of that. That’s a great idea. I’m completely in favour of that. Weak support Good idea. It appears to be a good idea. It may be tried. Sounds OK. Sounds fine. OK Fine.

Rejecting Proposal: Rejecting Proposal Strong Rejection - It is not possible/feasible. - It’s not possible to accept that. I can’t accept it. I’m strongly against that. I’m completely against this. I really find it unacceptable. I’m absolutely against this proposal. Standard Rejection I’m sorry, but that is not possible/feasible. I’m sorry I can’t accept that. I’m afraid I am against that. I’m sorry, but that is not that is not acceptable. I’m afraid that is not practical. You have a point but… That sounds interesting but… That’s a good point but I still think that… I appreciate your point of view but… I can see your point but… That’s good idea but I still feel that…

Thank You : Thank You . All the Best

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