Water Transportation Improvements

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Category: Education
     
 

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Warm-Up:

Warm-Up Write down the two words that you feel best describe water travel using flatboats and keelboats.

Water Travel:

Water Travel Man-Power to Steam-Power

Target:

Target I can explain how water transportation improved in the early 1800s.

Water Travel in the Early 1800s:

Water Travel in the Early 1800s Faster, cheaper, more comfortable than land travel It wasn’t tremendously effective in the beginning Going downstream was relatively easy Most commonly used a flatboat 6 weeks from Pittsburgh to New Orleans Upstream was a challenge Could use paddles or long poles Some hauled them from the shore Return trip to Pittsburgh took at least 17 weeks!

The Steamboat:

The Steamboat This new invention changed water travel forever First created by John Fitch Demonstrated capabilities to Constitutional Convention He opened a ferry service with it, but his business failed Robert Fulton successfully used a steamboat Clermont served as a ferry on the Hudson River 300 mile trip in 62 hours

Continued…:

Continued… Benefits to steamboats Cut travel time tremendously Easily travel upstream Negatives Technology was not perfected yet Explosions and fires were very common

Canals:

Canals Man-made waterways Like rivers A few existed early on They were very short Used to connect things very close together With the steamboat, the desirability of canals increased

Canal Boom:

Canal Boom Erie Canal “ Clinton ’ s Ditch ” DeWitt Clinton (NY Governor) People laughed at him for the idea Work began in 1817 Much dug by hand Stump-Puller (40/day) Bridges over rivers Complete in 1825

End Result:

End Result Success! Travel costs were 1/20 the original cost!!! This encouraged others to make canals $20 $1

Transportation Improved!:

Transportation Improved! This allowed farmers to profit further inland Pushed America forward “ Of all the countries in the world, America is that in which the spread of ideas and of human industry is most continual and most rapid. ” Alexis de Tocqueville- Visitor from France

Wrap-Up:

Wrap-Up Your group work assignment is on the back of your note guide! New Joe Farmer What do you think? Will it be easier?

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