Articles of Confederation

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The Articles of Confederation : 

The Articles of Confederation A Doomed Alliance

Background : 

Background America wins the Revolutionary War Britain’s control is gone in America No more British government! Continental Congress needs to pick a government How will they pick?

Slide 3: 

Communism Capitalism Authoritarianism Anarchy The Articles of Confederation Intolerable Acts, Quartering Act, Writs of Assistance Tea Act (monopoly), All Tax Acts, Navigation Acts

Warm-Up : 

Warm-Up What were the founding fathers looking for in this new government? What did they want to include? What did they not want to include?

Learning Targets : 

Learning Targets I can identify characteristics of the Articles of Confederation that made it very weak. I can explain why the Articles of Confederation was made weak. I can identify the positive accomplishment(s) of the Articles of Confederation.

Founding Fathers : 

Founding Fathers Men who helped to create our new government Wrote the Declaration of Independence Helped to write the Constitution People like….. George Washington Benjamin Franklin Thomas Jefferson

State Governments : 

State Governments First state’s create their own governments Most important to people Most powerful Constitutions Spelled out the rights of all citizens Set limits on government power Made up of legislature and executives Legislatures made up laws (delegates) Executors executed laws (governor)

Articles of Confederation : 

Articles of Confederation Created in 1777 during the Revolutionary War Created by the Continental Congress Disputed over greatly! It setup a government that loosely connected the states Feared replacing one tyranny with another

A of C Powers- Congress : 

A of C Powers- Congress Congress was the Federal Government Each state had one vote in Congress 9 of 13 states had to agree to pass laws Congress could… Declare war Appoint military officers Coin money Congress was very weak Real power was in the states

A of C Non-Powers : 

A of C Non-Powers Could not tax Had to ask states for money No ability to regulate trade No system to settle disputes between states No president or king

Slide 13: 

Hey, we need some tax money to pay off our war debts. No. We really need that money though! Let me think about it.

Struggles of the New Government : 

Struggles of the New Government Trouble from 1783 to 1787

Problems Ratifying : 

Problems Ratifying Ratifying = Approving It took 4 years for all states to ratify the A of C Maryland was the last to ratify Dispute before it took effect over land control Area west of the Appalachian Mountains

Slide 16: 

American Land After the Proclamation of 1763 Disputed Land After the Treaty of Paris (1783)

State Conflict : 

State Conflict Multiple states claimed the same land Ex: Vermont claimed by both New Hampshire and New York States refused to work together Could have worked if they compromised

Money Problems : 

Money Problems America owed millions of dollars Debt over Revolutionary War Congress did not have the power to tax Made it nearly impossible to repay debt Most states didn’t accept money from other states Ex: New York $ not accepted in Virginia Confusion over the value of money How much is a North Carolina dollar vs. a Maryland $ This made trading between states very difficult

Europe Tests Weakness : 

Europe Tests Weakness Britain refused to withdraw all of its troops Left some in the Ohio Valley Spain closed New Orleans Dramatically affected American farmers

Slide 21: 

We aren’t leaving! What are you going to do about it? Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! … Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! This is a bit of a problem! And we aren’t going to let you use New Orleans….what are you going to do about that?

Successes : 

Successes There were some successes during the time of the Articles of Confederation You can read about them! Read, “Organizing the Northwest Territory” beginning on page 190 Answer the MSQ!

Land Ordinance of 1785 : 

Land Ordinance of 1785 Sectioned Areas for sale $640/ section Creates a box-like property line

Depression and Gas Prices : 

Depression and Gas Prices

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