The Articles of Confederation : The Articles of Confederation A Doomed Alliance Background : Background America wins the Revolutionary War
Britain’s control is gone in America
No more British government!
Continental Congress needs to pick a government
How will they pick? Slide 3: Communism Capitalism Authoritarianism Anarchy The Articles of Confederation Intolerable Acts,
Writs of Assistance Tea Act (monopoly),
All Tax Acts,
Navigation Acts Warm-Up : Warm-Up What were the founding fathers looking for in this new government?
What did they want to include?
What did they not want to include? Learning Targets : Learning Targets I can identify characteristics of the Articles of Confederation that made it very weak.
I can explain why the Articles of Confederation was made weak.
I can identify the positive accomplishment(s) of the Articles of Confederation. Founding Fathers : Founding Fathers Men who helped to create our new government
Wrote the Declaration of Independence
Helped to write the Constitution
Thomas Jefferson State Governments : State Governments First state’s create their own governments
Most important to people
Spelled out the rights of all citizens
Set limits on government power
Made up of legislature and executives
Legislatures made up laws (delegates)
Executors executed laws (governor) Articles of Confederation : Articles of Confederation Created in 1777 during the Revolutionary War
Created by the Continental Congress
Disputed over greatly!
It setup a government that loosely connected the states
Feared replacing one tyranny with another A of C Powers- Congress : A of C Powers- Congress Congress was the Federal Government
Each state had one vote in Congress
9 of 13 states had to agree to pass laws
Appoint military officers
Congress was very weak
Real power was in the states A of C Non-Powers : A of C Non-Powers Could not tax
Had to ask states for money
No ability to regulate trade
No system to settle disputes between states
No president or king Slide 13: Hey, we need some tax money to pay off our war debts. No. We really need that money though! Let me think about it. Struggles of the New Government : Struggles of the New Government Trouble from 1783 to 1787 Problems Ratifying : Problems Ratifying Ratifying = Approving
It took 4 years for all states to ratify the A of C
Maryland was the last to ratify
Dispute before it took effect over land control
Area west of the Appalachian Mountains Slide 16: American Land After the Proclamation of 1763 Disputed Land After the Treaty of Paris (1783) State Conflict : State Conflict Multiple states claimed the same land
Ex: Vermont claimed by both New Hampshire and New York
States refused to work together
Could have worked if they compromised Money Problems : Money Problems America owed millions of dollars
Debt over Revolutionary War
Congress did not have the power to tax
Made it nearly impossible to repay debt
Most states didn’t accept money from other states
Ex: New York $ not accepted in Virginia
Confusion over the value of money
How much is a North Carolina dollar vs. a Maryland $
This made trading between states very difficult Europe Tests Weakness : Europe Tests Weakness Britain refused to withdraw all of its troops
Left some in the Ohio Valley
Spain closed New Orleans
Dramatically affected American farmers Slide 21: We aren’t leaving! What are you going to do about it? Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! … Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! Yay!! We won!! This is a bit of a problem! And we aren’t going to let you use New Orleans….what are you going to do about that? Successes : Successes There were some successes during the time of the Articles of Confederation
You can read about them!
Read, “Organizing the Northwest Territory” beginning on page 190
Answer the MSQ! Land Ordinance of 1785 : Land Ordinance of 1785 Sectioned Areas for sale
Creates a box-like property line Depression and Gas Prices : Depression and Gas Prices