Bill of Rights Interactive PowerPoint

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The Bill of Rights:

The Bill of Rights The Guarantees and Limitations of our First 10 Amendments

Learning Targets:

Learning Targets I can identify the specific rights protected by each of the 10 amendments included in the Bill of Rights. I can identify the guaranteed rights and limitations of the individual amendments.

Historical Context:

Historical Context America recently won the American Revolution Afterwards, the first American government is attempted Under the Articles of Confederation This government fails! So it’s time to create something new! A new government is discussed at the Constitutional Convention There was talk of even having a president!

Big Government and a Bill of Rights:

Big Government and a Bill of Rights The idea of having a president was scary to many colonists It sounds a lot like a king! This led to many debates about how much power the government should have Federalists vs. Anti-federalists A compromise was made that balanced the power of the government by… …passing a bill of rights

What is the United States Bill of Rights?:

What is the United States Bill of Rights? The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution Amendment = change They were passed to protect individual rights and to limit the power of the government Some impact people directly, others were more focused on the government 1-3 (Impact the average person) 4-8 (Protect accused criminals) 9-10 (Limit the government) Let’s take a look at each of them!

Using this PowerPoint:

Using this PowerPoint The bottom row has a series of “buttons” Each button leads to an amendment with its: Definition/Rights Guaranteed Limitations Supreme Court cases testing each Once all amendments are UNDERSTOOD (not just covered), then you may take the assessment at the end Now onto the… Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 8 Assessment

The Ten Amendments Are…:

Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 The Ten Amendments Are… 8 Assessment

First Amendment:

First Amendment Protects 5 key rights: Freedom of Religion Freedom of Speech Freedom of the Press Freedom to Assemble The Right to Petition This protects most of our basic rights! Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 1 st Amendment Guarantees Limitations of the 1 st Amendment 8 Assessment

1st Amendment – Limitations on Religion:

1 st Amendment – Limitations on Religion Religion “Laws are made for the government of actions, and while they cannot interfere with mere religious belief and opinions, they may with practices.” Basically means that the religion can’t be stopped, but some practices can be i.e. polygamy was banned in the U.S., which has a religious connection. Also, your religion cannot take away other people’s rights. Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 1 st Amendment Guarantees 8 Assessment More 1st Amendment Limitations Human sacrifices are a potentially “religious” practice that is not protected by the 1 st Amendment.

1st Amendment– Limitations on Speech:

1 st Amendment– Limitations on Speech 6 typical criteria for limitations are: Incitement Trying to cause “clear and present danger” i.e. Yelling “I have a bomb!” on an airplane (even w/o one) Fighting words Speech use to provoke a violent reaction False statements of fact Intentionally lying to make someone else look bad There are two types of this, slander and libel Slander is spoken lies Libel is written lies Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 1 st Amendment Guarantees 8 Assessment More Free Speech Limitations

1st Amendment– Limitations on Speech:

1 st Amendment– Limitations on Speech Obscenity “Speech” cannot be extremely offensive in a commonly accepted sense, w/o having a political, artistic, literary, or scientific value Swearing is tricky, however, and it is not always limited Threats But only if the threat seems legitimate and not just hyperbole Speech owned by others There are copyright limitations! Basically you cannot make money off of someone else’s work! False Advertising Ads must be truthful Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 1 st Amendment Guarantees 8 Assessment More 1st Amendment Limitations

1st Amendment– Limitations of Press/Assembly/Petition:

1 st Amendment– Limitations of Press/Assembly/Petition Press Next to none! Similar speech limitations, but none exist that can stop individuals from publishing Assembly Cannot cause a public nuisance i.e. assembling in the middle of a highway to block traffic Petition None! That doesn’t mean that petitions must be accepted though, so they may not work! Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 1 st Amendment Guarantees 8 Assessment

1st Amendment- Guarantees on Religion:

1 st Amendment- Guarantees on Religion There is not a religion required by the government! Known as the “Establishment Clause” Calls for the separation of church and state (state=government) You are not required to practice any religion Atheism is acceptable! Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 Limitations of the 1 st Amendment 8 Assessment More Guarantees of the 1 st Amendment

1st Amendment- Guarantees on Speech:

1 st Amendment- Guarantees on Speech You have the freedom to “speak” w/ words, but also in other ways… …like the freedom of “Expression” which protects the way in which you: Behave Dress And more! Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 Limitations of the 1 st Amendment 8 Assessment More Guarantees of the 1 st Amendment

1st Amendment- Guarantees on Press/Assembly/Petition:

1 st Amendment- Guarantees on Press/Assembly/Petition Specific Press Rights The right to write/publish newspapers that have your opinions Political or other The Press includes newspapers, news-stations, internet sites, and more! Specific Assembly Rights The right to gather together to demonstrate feelings of a group To protest or just discuss ideas Specific Petition Rights The right to show displeasure with government decisions Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 Limitations of the 1 st Amendment 8 Assessment

Second Amendment:

Second Amendment This protects gun ownership The point was for people to have the ability protect themselves from their government Think back to the Revolutionary War and the role of civilian militias Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 2nd Amendment Guarantees Limitations of the 2nd Amendment 8 Assessment

2nd Amendment- Limitations:

2 nd Amendment- Limitations Gun control is determined by individual state laws With the exception of “Assault” weapons bans Federal laws previously in place that limited automatic weapon ownership People are required to get permits before they can purchase a gun And in some circumstances they are not eligible to own a gun i.e. criminals Permits are required to carry concealed (hidden weapons Special permits are required for more powerful weapons i.e. Semi-automatic weapons Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 2nd Amendment Guarantees 8 Assessment

2nd Amendment - Guarantees:

2 nd Amendment - Guarantees This is a bit tricky! Currently it limits the government’s ability to take away the right to own guns Though some would like to see this removed! This allows for different types of gun ownership, including: Hunting Personal Protection Collecting Limitations of the 2nd Amendment Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 8 Assessment

Third Amendment:

Third Amendment This is essentially the anti-Quartering Act! Protects people in U.S. from having soldiers forcefully put in their homes when not at war Seems insignificant today, but was very important to Americans in the late 1800s. Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 3rd Amendment Guarantees Limitations of the 3rd Amendment 8 Assessment

3rd Amendment - Guarantees:

3 rd Amendment - Guarantees Soldiers will not be unjustly forced into the homes of Americans during a time of war, or at any time when it is a “time of peace” Time of peace = no war going on If quartering is needed, it must go through a Congressional process Basically it would take voting in Congress, and not just the president saying so. And since citizens are represented in Congress, they have a say in the way that these laws would be passed. Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 Limitations of the 3rd Amendment 8 Assessment

3rd Amendment - Limitations:

3 rd Amendment - Limitations There have not been a major Supreme Court cases about the 3 rd Amendment, but… …in theory, there could be a situation in the future where soldiers would be housed in civilian homes, but only if it followed the process for passing a law, as mentioned in the amendment wording. Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 3rd Amendment Guarantees 8 Assessment

Fourth Amendment:

Fourth Amendment Part I: The police/Gov’t cannot search and take your stuff w/o a strong cause. Part II: If there is cause for a search/seizure, then a warrant can be given, but it only allows for a search of specific items in specific locations. Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 4th Amendment Guarantees Limitations of the 4th Amendment 8 Assessment

4 - Limitations:

4 - Limitations The following do not require a search warrant: Open field searches Fly-overs in planes/helicopters Trash on one’s curb Phone numbers dialed (Pen Register is the technical name) Dog sniffs There are other times in which a search warrant is not required, which typically deal with a time when the item/evidence is in “plain view.” Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 4th Amendment Guarantees 8 Assessment

4 - Guarantees:

4 - Guarantees There must be reasons for the police to search your stuff, including your: Home Car Purse/bags Anything else! It cannot be for simple reasons, but “probably cause” must exist in nearly all situations Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 Limitations of the 4th Amendment 8 Assessment

Fifth Amendment:

Fifth Amendment Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 5 th Amendment Guarantees Limitations of the 5th Amendment 8 Assessment There are many parts to this amendment!

5th Amendment - Guarantees:

5th Amendment - Guarantees Grand jury = trial to determine whether an accused criminal should proceed in the process of being put on trial If not, the case is dismissed and the accused crime is forgiven. In other words, people cannot be jailed without being presented with the crimes against them, and evidence that shows that they could be guilty. Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 More 5 th Amendment Guarantees Limitations of the 5th Amendment 8 Assessment

5th Amendment - Guarantees:

5 th Amendment - Guarantees This is the protection from “Double Jeopardy” In other words…a person cannot be tried for the same crime twice This protects the person from constantly being on trial and having to pay for an attorney in case the government is just angry at them w/o cause Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 Limitations of the 5th Amendment 8 Assessment More 5 th Amendment Guarantees

5th Amendment - Guarantees:

5 th Amendment - Guarantees Accused criminals are allowed to “Plead the Fifth” This means that you can never be force to say anything if it may incriminate you of a crime This protects from accused criminals being harshly interrogated and forced to speak out against themselves when it isn’t true. Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 Limitations of the 5th Amendment 8 Assessment More 5 th Amendment Guarantees

5th Amendment - Guarantees:

5 th Amendment - Guarantees Due process = a fair trial Nobody can be given a punishment without going to trial and getting a fair chance to prove that they were not guilty Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 Limitations of the 5th Amendment 8 Assessment More 5 th Amendment Guarantees

5th Amendment - Guarantees:

5 th Amendment - Guarantees This connects to the idea of eminent domain The public taking of government land The government cannot take anyone’s property without just compensation being given The value of the item must be paid if it is going to be taken Items can only be taken in a situation of need Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 Limitations of the 5th Amendment 8 Assessment

5th Amendment - Limitations:

5th Amendment - Limitations This does not apply the same way to soldiers or sailors during a time of war. Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 More 5 th Amendment Limitations 8 Assessment 5 th Amendment Guarantees

5th Amendment - Limitations:

5 th Amendment - Limitations While no person can be charged for the exact same charge, they could potentially be retried with a different crime i.e. if new evidence is discovered in a murder case after the defendant was found not guilty, the individual could be tried for perjury (lying under oath) Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 8 Assessment More 5 th Amendment Limitations 5 th Amendment Guarantees

5th Amendment - Limitations:

5 th Amendment - Limitations None really! The police are actually required to read you this right upon arrest as a part of your “Miranda Rights” You have the right to remain silent… Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 8 Assessment More 5 th Amendment Limitations 5 th Amendment Guarantees

5th Amendment - Limitations:

5 th Amendment - Limitations Occasionally this right has been denied during times of war for purposes of “national security” There should not be any examples of this in particular, however…but potentially using lethal (killing) force in a police situation in which the person put another individual in harm’s way can result in life lost w/o due process. Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 8 Assessment More 5 th Amendment Limitations 5 th Amendment Guarantees

5th Amendment - Limitations:

5 th Amendment - Limitations This is a very controversial part of the 5 th Amendment In order for this to occur, it requires that the land/property to be taken is needed by the public, and a replacement can not be gained otherwise When making public highways, it requires traveling through other people’s land Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 8 Assessment 5 th Amendment Guarantees

Sixth Amendment:

Sixth Amendment When it comes to a trial, accused criminals must receive many protections to ensure that they receive a fair trial! Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 6th Amendment Guarantees Limitations of the 6th Amendment 8 Assessment

PowerPoint Presentation:

Speedy – Accused criminals cannot be stuck in jail waiting for their trial for an excessively long time! This is a relative term, because it often takes years to go to trial. Public – Outsiders must be given access to a trial All people are given the option of having this to prevent from judges being unfair in a private setting Impartial Jury – The people who are to determine guilty or not guilty must not be bias We have a long process for selecting juries ( Voir Dire) Average citizens make up the jury In the State and District – Trials must be near where the accused crime was committed! This protects from unfair bias in terms of the jury, and the ability of the accused criminal to gather witnesses Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 Limitations of the 6th Amendment 8 Assessment 6 th Amendment - Guarantees More 6 th Amendment Guarantees

6th Amendment - Guarantees:

6 th Amendment - Guarantees Confronted by Witnesses – The right to know ahead of time who will be used as a witness against you. This allows for the defendant (accused criminal) to prepare a defense for themselves Assistance of Counsel – The right to have an attorney! Even if you cannot afford one! These attorneys are known as “Public Defenders” Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 Limitations of the 6th Amendment 8 Assessment

6 - Limitations:

6 - Limitations Speedy…isn’t always speedy This happens because of attorneys needing time to prepare their case Speedy has never been defined Not all attorneys are equal! While the right to an attorney is key, it does not provide all people with equal quality attorneys. Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 6th Amendment Guarantees 8 Assessment

Seventh Amendment:

Seventh Amendment When suing, the right to a trial by jury is required Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 7 th Amendment Guarantees Limitations of the 7th Amendment 8 Assessment

7 - Limitations:

7 - Limitations Very few! The text states that the amount of money in question needs to be $20 or more The defendant does not have to choose to use a jury trials, they could just choose to have a judge hear the case Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 7 th Amendment Guarantees 8 Assessment

7 - Guarantees:

7 - Guarantees This protects the defendant (the accused wrong-doer) from being found guilty in favor of personal gain for a judge This is specifically written for civil cases Civil cases = cases in which jail-time is not involved, but suing is Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 Limitations of the 7th Amendment 8 Assessment

Eighth Amendment:

Eighth Amendment Two key components: No excessive bail shall be required Money to be free from jail until returning for trial Cruel and unusual punishment This is tricky! Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 8th Amendment Guarantees Limitations of the 8th Amendment 8 Assessment

8 - Guarantees:

8 - Guarantees No excessive bail Bail is money paid to be free from jail while waiting for a trial to start Not all people are offered bail When they are, it has to fit the crime i.e. It would be excessive to have a person on trial for parking ticket crimes to have a $1,050,005,000=00 Cruel and Unusual Punishment This is somewhat vague, so this isn’t clearly defined Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 Limitations of the 8th Amendment 8 Assessment

8 - Limitations:

8 - Limitations Excessive Bail Not all people are offered bail! Cruel and Unusual Punishment This is tricky, because what makes a punishment cruel and unusual isn’t clear! We currently allow the death penalty in many states (capital punishment)…doesn’t that seem cruel? Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 8th Amendment Guarantees 8 Assessment

Ninth Amendment:

Ninth Amendment Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 8 Assessment This is a very weak amendment! As it is written, it just describes how the constitution should be written! This is all we will discuss of this!

Tenth Amendment:

Tenth Amendment Main Menu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 8 Assessment This states that all rights not specifically given to the federal government are supposed to be taken care of by the states. This has not been followed very well over time! Education is an example of something that should be state run, but due to federal funding, is now strongly impacted by the federal government This does not provide a tremendous amount of specific rights/limitations

Assessment:

Assessment Each question has three choices, with one that is untrue. For Amendments 1-8, the questions will connect to the wording, the guarantees and the limitations of the amendment. For Amendments 9 &10 the choices will have a different pattern. Each answer has specific feedback to make sure that you clear up any misconceptions. Make sure that you read the feedback to improve your learning! Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu

Review Question – 1st Amendment:

Review Question – 1 st Amendment Which of the following is NOT true of the 1 st Amendment? Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment A: The first Amendment includes rights related to freedom of speech and religion of all individuals in America. B: When it comes to limitations, there are almost no limitations for the 1 st Amendment, especially “Freedom of Speech.” C: “Freedom of Speech” actually covers far more than just spoken words, including how people act and even the clothes that they wear. Return to the Assessment Menu

1st Amendment – Choice A:

1 st Amendment – Choice A Sorry, but you are incorrect! The primary focus of the 1 st Amendment (in terms of discussion in class and in the country) is the freedom that it provides/guarantees in the areas of religion and speech. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 1 st Amendment Try the Question Again

1st Amendment – Choice C:

1 st Amendment – Choice C Sorry, you are incorrect! Freedom of Expression is an interpretation of the 2st Amendment that increases the limits of free “speech.” While not specifically stated in the Amendment, expression, in terms of dress and behavior, is protected. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 1 st Amendment Try the Question Again

1st Amendment – Choice B:

1 st Amendment – Choice B You are correct, great job! In reality, there are many limitations on free speech ranging from obscenity and using “fighting words” to purposeful lying for purposes of defamation. You are now ready to move on to the: Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu 2 nd Amendment!

Review Question – 2nd Amendment:

Review Question – 2 nd Amendment Which of the following is NOT true of the 2 nd Amendment? Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment A: That the right to bear arms was included in the Constitution to protect hunting rights in America. B: The 2 nd Amendment provides limitations on what types of guns can be owned by individuals. C: Specific 2 nd Amendment guarantees/limitations are currently up to the states to determine. Return to the Assessment Menu

2nd Amendment – Choice B:

2 nd Amendment – Choice B Sorry, but you are incorrect. There are limitations on what weapons can be owned. For instance, an individual could not own a nuclear weapon, and there are limits on automatic weapons as noted in the Assault Weapons Ban that was previously passed in America. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 2 nd Amendment Try the Question Again

2nd Amendment – Choice C:

2 nd Amendment – Choice C Sorry, but you are incorrect. The 2 nd Amendment is a part of the United States Constitution (federal gov’t), but currently it is up to the states to regulate MOST of the gun laws in our country. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 2 nd Amendment Try the Question Again

2nd Amendment – Choice A:

2 nd Amendment – Choice A Great job! The 2 nd Amendment was written to provide people with guns for purposes of protection (primarily from the government).You are now ready to move on to the: Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu 3 rd Amendment

Review Question – 3rd Amendment:

Review Question – 3 rd Amendment Which of the following is NOT true of the 3 rd Amendment? Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment A: The 3 rd Amendment was included in response to Britain passing the Quartering Act prior to the Revolution. B: The 3 rd Amendment would protect people in America from having soldiers quartered in their house during a time of peace. C: The only way that soldiers are to be housed in civilian homes during a time of war is through a President deciding on their own. Return to the Assessment Menu

3rd Amendment – Choice A:

3 rd Amendment – Choice A Sorry, but you are incorrect! The 3 rd Amendment was written in direct response to Britain’s Quartering Act, which was greatly disliked by the colonists. Today, this does not seem like an important amendment, because it isn’t really ever identified, but that is partially the case because it clearly defines what is and is not allowed regarding the housing of soldiers. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 3 rd Amendment Try the Question Again

3rd Amendment – Choice B:

3 rd Amendment – Choice B Sorry, but you are incorrect! The 3 rd Amendment does allow for “Quartering” in times of war and when proscribed by the law, but not during times of peace, regardless of circumstances. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 3 rd Amendment Try the Question Again

3rd Amendment – Choice C:

3 rd Amendment – Choice C Great job! This is incorrect because it would not be up to the president, but Congress to pass a law to allow for quartering soldiers in civilian homes. Next up is the: Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu 4 th Amendment

Review Question – 4th Amendment:

Review Question – 4 th Amendment Which of the following is NOT true of the 4 th Amendment? Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment A: The 4 th Amendment stops the police from searching and seizing property of all citizens in all situations. B: In order to obtain a search warrant in America, it requires that specific information for what items are being searched for and where they are to be searched for. C: There are some situations in which the police are permitted to search through items without probable cause, or a search warrant. Return to the Assessment Menu

4th Amendment – Choice B:

4 th Amendment – Choice B Sorry, but you are incorrect! In their request for a search warrant, the police must specifically state where they would like to search, and what they are hoping to find in that location. In order to search other locations related to the same crime/evidence they are required to obtain a new search warrant. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 4 th Amendment Try the Question Again

4th Amendment – Choice C:

4 th Amendment – Choice C Sorry, but you are incorrect! Open fields, trash, phone records, fly-overs, and a few other situations allow the police to gather information and “search” locations without the need for a search warrant or having probable cause. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 4 th Amendment Try the Question Again

4th Amendment – Choice A:

4 th Amendment – Choice A Great job! While the 4 th Amendment is designed to protect the rights of people and even accused criminals, it does not stop the police from doing their job in trying to search for key evidence. You are ready to move on to the: Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu 5 th Amendment

Review Question – 5th Amendment:

Review Question – 5 th Amendment Which of the following is NOT true regarding the 5 th Amendment? Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment A: The 5 th Amendment was designed to protect the rights of criminals, particularly related to fair treatment in receiving a trial (due process). B: The 5 th Amendment “Right to Remain Silent” refers to the idea that witnesses do not have to testify when it may make a friend seem guilty. C: Double jeopardy refers to the part of the 5 th Amendment that states that no person can be held on trial for the same case/trial two times. Return to the Assessment Menu

5th Amendment – Choice A:

5 th Amendment – Choice A Incorrect! “Due Process” is the key idea in the 5 th Amendment, which means that all people have the right to the court process that may result in a trial. Double jeopardy, self-incrimination, and due process all focus on this idea of having a fair shot at being found not guilty, and ultimately to not be put up on trial or punished unfairly. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 5 th Amendment Try the Question Again

5th Amendment – Choice C:

5 th Amendment – Choice C Incorrect! This explanation of double jeopardy was accurate. In specific, double jeopardy was included in this amendment to protect people from being put on trial repeatedly for a crime that they clearly could not be proven guilty of – the fear was that this could have occurred had the government been more corrupt and had something specific against that person. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 5 th Amendment Try the Question Again

5th Amendment – Choice B:

5 th Amendment – Choice B Great job! The 5 th Amendment’s “Right to remain silent” which really comes from the freedom of self-incrimination, does not protect witnesses from testifying, but protects an accused criminal from having to say anything that might make them seem guilty. You can now move on to the: Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu 6 th Amendment

Review Question – 6th Amendment:

Review Question – 6 th Amendment Which of the following is NOT accurate regarding the 6 th Amendment? Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment A: The 6 th Amendment focuses primarily on providing a fair chance for accused criminals during the trial phase of due process. B: The 6 th Amendment guarantees all people, regardless of how wealthy they are, to be able to have an attorney throughout their due process. C: The portion of the 6 th Amendment that states a “speedy and public trial” requires all trial to be completed within 6 months of the accused crime being committed. Return to the Assessment Menu

6th Amendment – Choice A:

6 th Amendment – Choice A Incorrect! Almost the entire focus of the 6 th Amendment is on providing a fair chance for accused criminals in the court process. This includes providing all accused criminals with a trial near the location the alleged crime occurred, the right to an attorney, the right to a speedy and public trial, the right to know who the witnesses are who will testify against you, and lastly, a jury that is impartial to determine guilt and innocence. These are all safeguards that work to provide every opportunity for an innocent person to be found innocent. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 6 th Amendment Try the Question Again

6th Amendment – Choice B:

6 th Amendment – Choice B Incorrect! Attorneys are granted to all people regardless of their wealth. For those who are unable to afford one from themselves, they are granted a public defender who is paid for with tax money. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 6 th Amendment Try the Question Again

6th Amendment – Choice C:

6 th Amendment – Choice C Correct! “Speedy” has never been defined in our country, so it is very common to have trials that occur years after the crime was committed due to challenges in preparing the specific case (in terms of attorney work). Next up is the: Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu 7 th Amendment

Review Question – 7th Amendment:

Review Question – 7 th Amendment Which of the following is NOT true for the 7 th Amendment? Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment A: It deals with civil court cases, not criminal court cases. (civil is one person suing another, criminal is the gov’t vs. a person.) B: It places a judge in charge of all civil court cases to ensure a fair trial for both sides involved. C: The amount originally set as the limit for the judge/ jury decision in these cases is $20. Return to the Assessment Menu

7th Amendment – Choice A:

7 th Amendment – Choice A Incorrect! The focus of the 7 th Amendment is on civil court cases (which are those that involve one person suing another), not criminal cases (which involve the gov’t attempting to prove an individual of committing a crime against society). Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 7 th Amendment Try the Question Again

7th Amendment – Choice C:

7 th Amendment – Choice C Incorrect! In modern terms, this may seem silly, but nonetheless, the amount of money set as the lower-limit for civil cases in which a jury can be used is $20. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 7 th Amendment Try the Question Again

7th Amendment – Choice B:

7 th Amendment – Choice B Great job! The goal of allowing for a jury is to ensure a fair trial. The fear at the inception of our new government was that courts/judges could be bribed by the wealthiest individuals in the country, so using a jury was suggested to take away this possibility. Next up is the: Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu 8 th Amendment

Review Question – 8th Amendment:

Review Question – 8 th Amendment Which of the following is NOT true of the 8 th Amendment? Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment A: It clearly states what cruel and unusual punishments are, to make it easy for court interpretation. B: Excessive bail refers to not requiring great deals of money for accused criminals to be set free prior to their court date. C: Capital punishment (the death penalty) has never been found to be cruel or unusual according to the Supreme Court of the United States. Return to the Assessment Menu

8th Amendment – Choice B:

8 th Amendment – Choice B Incorrect! The point of including the idea of “no excessive bail” was to take away the opportunity for judges to keep people locked up in jail unfairly while waiting to go on trial. Given that we know that trials often are not speedy, it makes sense to keep bail affordable, or many innocent, but accused criminals could spend more years behind bars waiting for trial than anyone would like to see. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 8 th Amendment Try the Question Again

8th Amendment – Choice C:

8 th Amendment – Choice C Incorrect! Capital punishment has never been formally struck down by the United States Supreme Court. In reality though, very few states still use the death penalty as it has been “taken off of the books” in most states in America. It is interesting that death is not seen as a cruel punishment, yet others have been. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 8 th Amendment Try the Question Again

8th Amendment – Choice A:

8 th Amendment – Choice A Great job! One problem with the 8 th Amendment is that it is unclear and leaves a lot of room for debating the intent of the founding fathers. In the upcoming years we may see more U.S. Supreme Court cases that determine the legality of certain punishments that may be considered cruel and unusual. Next up is the: Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu 9 th Amendment

Review Question – 9th Amendment:

Review Question – 9 th Amendment Which of the following is most accurate in terms of rating the strength of the 9 th Amendment? Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment A: It is one of the strongest amendments in the U.S. Bill of Rights. B: It is one of the, if not the, weakest amendments in the U.S. Bill of Rights. C: Each amendment in the U.S. Bill of Rights has equal strength. Return to the Assessment Menu

9th Amendment – Choice A:

9 th Amendment – Choice A Incorrect! The 9 th Amendment is anything but strong, with the key problem being that the wording is so vague, that it is impossible for a judge to determine what is and is not a violation of this Amendment. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 9 th Amendment Try the Question Again

9th Amendment – Choice C:

9 th Amendment – Choice C Incorrect! While it sounds nice to say that they all are equal, not all see as much use as others. Amendments like 3 and 9 are rarely, if ever, significant factors in court cases, which shows that while they may be nice in theory, they have not had the same impact on America over the years. That being said, Amendment 3 had a very significant role in the early years, whereas the 9 th Amendment has never been cited or influenced policy, because the point of it was later clarified in the 14 th Amendment. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 9 th Amendment Try the Question Again

9th Amendment – Choice B:

9 th Amendment – Choice B Great job! The 9 th Amendment is one of the weakest amendments because it does not have a clear area of impact in terms of court cases. The problem is that it is so vague that judges cannot use it in a court case, whereas an amendment like the 5 th has specific rights listed (freedom from self-incrimination, due process, etc.) Last, but not least, is the: Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu 10 th Amendment

Review Question – 10th Amendment:

Review Question – 10 th Amendment Which of the following most closely states what the goal of the 10 th Amendment was? Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment A: To provide an open-door for the federal government’s power to grow over time. B: To provide identical power for the state and federal governments. C: To limit the power of the federal government in favor of state governments. Return to the Assessment Menu

10th Amendment – Choice A:

10 th Amendment – Choice A Incorrect! The main goal was actually to limit the power of the federal government because the new government already gave plenty of power there. More specifically, the 10 th Amendment was designed to give greater amounts of power to the individual state governments. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 10 th Amendment Try the Question Again

10th Amendment – Choice B:

10 th Amendment – Choice B Incorrect! Identical power seems nice, but that wasn’t the goal of this amendment. The goal of this was to limit the power of the federal government from spreading by specifically moving all other powers to the states. Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu Review the 10 th Amendment Try the Question Again

10th Amendment – Choice C:

10 th Amendment – Choice C Great job! The goal of the 10 th Amendment was to limit the power of the federal government in favor of state governments. It may seem odd to think that the states should be more powerful than the federal government, but that was the original intent of the founding fathers some 200+ years ago! Return to the Main Menu 1 st Amendment 2 nd Amendment 3 rd Amendment 5 th Amendment 4 th Amendment 6 th Amendment 8 th Amendment 9 th Amendment 7 th Amendment 10 th Amendment Return to the Assessment Menu The Last Slide

PowerPoint Presentation:

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