Chapter 14

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Chapter 14:

Chapter 14 The Production Cycle Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 1

Learning Objectives:

Learning Objectives Describe the major business activities and related information processing operations performed in the production cycle. Identify major threats in the production cycle and evaluate the adequacy of various control procedures for dealing with those threats. Explain how a company’s cost accounting system can help it achieve its manufacturing goals. Discuss the key decisions that must be made in the production cycle and identify the information required to make those decisions. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 2

Production Cycle:

Production Cycle Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 3

The Production Cycle:

The Production Cycle Business activities and information processing activities Related to manufacturing of products Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 4

Production Cycle Activities:

Production Cycle Activities Product design Planning and scheduling Production operations Cost accounting Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 5

Production Cycle General Threats:

Production Cycle General Threats Inaccurate or invalid master data Unauthorized disclosure of sensitive information Loss or destruction of data Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 6

Production Cycle General Controls:

Production Cycle General Controls Data processing integrity controls Restriction of access to master data Review of all changes to master data Access controls Encryption Backup and disaster recovery procedures Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 7

Product Design Threats:

Product Design Threats Poor product design resulting in excess costs Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 8

Product Design Controls:

Product Design Controls Accounting analysis of costs arising from product design choices Analysis of warranty and repair costs Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 9

Planning and Scheduling Threats:

Planning and Scheduling Threats Over- or underproduction Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 10

Planning and Scheduling Controls:

Planning and Scheduling Controls Production planning systems Review and approval of production schedules and orders Restriction of access to production orders and production schedules Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 11

Production Operations Threats:

Production Operations Threats Theft of inventory Theft of fixed asset Poor performance Suboptimal investment in fixed assets Loss of inventory or fixed assets due to fire or other disasters Disruption of operations Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 12

Production Operations Controls:

Production Operations Controls Physical access control Documentation of all inventory movement Segregation of duties—custody of assets from recording and authorization of removal Restriction of access to inventory master data Periodic physical counts of inventory and reconciliation of those counts to recorded quantities Maintaining detailed records of fixed assets, including disposal Training Performance reports Proper approval of fixed asset acquisitions, including use of requests for proposals to solicit multiple competitive bids Physical safeguards (e.g., fire sprinklers) Insurance Backup and disaster recovery plans Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 13

Cost Accounting Threats:

Cost Accounting Threats Inaccurate cost data Inappropriate allocation of overhead costs Misleading reports Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 14

Cost Accounting Controls:

Cost Accounting Controls Source data automation Data processing integrity controls Time-driven activity-based costing Innovative performance metrics Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 15

Assigning Production Costs:

Assigning Production Costs Job-Order Costing Assigns costs to specific production batches, or jobs If the product or service is uniquely identifiable Process Costing Assigns costs to each process, or work center, in the production cycle, and then calculates the average cost for all units produced. If the product or service is similar and produced in mass quantities Activity-Based Costing Traces costs to the activities that create them Uses a greater number of overhead pools Batch Product Organization Identifies cost drivers Cause-and-effect relationship Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall 14- 16

authorStream Live Help