LIVER CANCER

Views:
 
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

PowerPoint Presentation: 

LIVER CANCER submitted by k.dhana sri 111011101080

LIVER CANCER: 

LIVER CANCER Liver cancer , also known as  hepatic cancer  is a   cancer  which starts in the liver and not from another organ which eventually migrates to the liver. It is divided into two types: primary liver cancer secondary liver cancer

PowerPoint Presentation: 

Primary liver cancer is a cancer that forms in the tissues of the liver Secondary liver cancer is a cancer that spreads to the liver from another part of the body

PowerPoint Presentation: 

Cancers that originate elsewhere and eventually reach the liver are known as  liver metastasis  or  secondary liver cancers , and are most commonly from cancer of the GI tract colon cancer ,   lung cancer , renal cancer kidney cancer ,   ovarian cancer   and prostate cancer .

PowerPoint Presentation: 

The liver, which is located below the right lung and under the ribcage is one of the largest organs of the human body .

PowerPoint Presentation: 

Liver cancer consists of malignant hepatic tumors (growths) in or on the liver.  The most common type of liver cancer is  hepatocellular carcinoma (or hepatoma or HCC) , and it tends to affect males more than females. According to the National Health Service (NHS), UK, approximately 1,500 people in the United Kingdom die from HCC each year. 

PowerPoint Presentation: 

Symptoms: fever loss of appetite weight loss vomiting nausea fatigue general weakness

PowerPoint Presentation: 

Liver cancer is categorized into four stages: Stage 1  - the tumor is just in/on the liver and nowhere else . Stage 2  - either there are several small tumors, but all within the liver, or one tumor that has reached a blood vessel . Stage 3  - either there are various large tumors, or there is just one that has reached the main blood vessel(s). Cancer may have also reached the gallbladder . Stage 4  - metastasis. The liver cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

TREATMENT FOR LIVER CANCER:: 

TREATMENT FOR LIVER CANCER : Treating curable cancer : Surgery  - in the early stages when the tumor is small occupies just a very small part of the liver, it can be surgically removed (surgical resection). Even if part of the liver is removed during this procedure, the patient's health should not be significantly undermined.

PowerPoint Presentation: 

Liver transplant  - candidates for a liver transplant cannot have a tumor larger than 2 inches (5cm), according to the National Health Service (NHS), UK. If the tumor is larger the risk of the cancer coming back is too high, says the NHS

PowerPoint Presentation: 

Treating non-curable cancer   : If the liver cancer has had a chance to advance, the likelihood of a cure is extremely small . However , there are things the medical team can do to treat symptoms and slow its advancement.

PowerPoint Presentation: 

Ablative therapy  - substances are injected directly into the tumor, such as alcohol. Lasers and radio waves can also be used . Radiation therapy (radiotherapy)  - radiation is directed at the tumor(s), killing a significant number of them. Patients may experience nausea, vomiting and fatigue.

PowerPoint Presentation: 

THANK YOU