Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Chromosomes

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Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Chromosomes in detail

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Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Chromosomes

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A typical mitotic chromosome at metaphase

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Found in cytoplasm. Circular chromosome attached to the inside of the cell membrane. Single chromosome plus plasmids. Made only of DNA. Copies its chromosome and divides immediately afterwards. Prokaryotic Chromosome

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Eukaryotic Chromosome Found in nucleus Linear chromosomes Many chromosomes. Usually,10-50 chromosomes in somatic cells. Human body cells have 46 chromosomes. Made of chromatin, a nucleoprotein (DNA coiled around histone proteins ). Copies chromosomes, then the cell grows (G2 phase), then goes through mitosis to organise chromosomes in two equal groups.

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No Prokaryotic Chromosome Eukaryotic Chromosome 1 Circular chromosome Linear chromosomes 2 Found in cytoplasm . Circular chromosome attached to the inside of the cell membrane Found in nucleus 3 Single chromosome plus plasmids Many chromosomes. Usually , 10-50 chromosomes in their body cells. Human body cells have 46 chromosomes. 4 Made only of DNA Made of chromatin, a nucleoprotein ( DNA coiled around histone proteins ) 5 Copies its chromosome and divides immediately afterwards. Copies chromosomes, then the cell grows, then goes through mitosis to organise chromosomes in two equal groups. Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Chromosomes