gerunds & infinitives

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Gerunds can function as::

Gerunds can function as: Gerund as subject Gerund as direct object Gerund as subject complement Gerund as object of preposition

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Gerunds used as subject of the sentence. Dancing is fun.

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Gerunds used as objects He enjoys working with children.

Verbs that take only Gerunds:

Verbs that take only Gerunds Appreciate Avoid Delay Deny Discuss Dislike Enjoy Excuse Finish understand Keep Mention Mind Miss Postpone Quit Recall Recommend Resent suggest

Common preposition combinations followed by gerunds:

Common preposition combinations followed by gerunds Be excited about , complain about, talk about, think about , worry about Apologize for , blame for, famous for Believe in , interested in , succeed in Take care of , instead of , be accused of Insist on, count on, concentrate on Keep from , prevent from, profit from In addition to , look forward to , be used to

Gerunds used as object of the preposition:

Gerunds used as object of the preposition I am thinking about taking the children to Mexico.

The Gerund is formed by adding ‘ing’ to the base form of a verb.:

The Gerund is formed by adding ‘ ing ’ to the base form of a verb. swim  swimming eat  eating run  running

The Gerund can be used – :

The Gerund can be used – As a noun E.g Running is my favourite sport. (subject) He tried running faster. (object) She was afraid of losing . (object of preposition)

Exercise :

Exercise (swim) _________is a very good form of exercise. I have some (shop) ______to do this afternoon. (learn) _________English takes a long time.

Exercise :

Exercise Mary is fond of _______ (sing). The boy soon became accustomed to _______ (work) hard. Are you afraid of _______ (play) the exciting electronic games. She is never tired of _______ (talk) about her clever son.

Exercise :

Exercise He kept ________(run) till the end. She enjoys _______ (run) for competition. They dislike _______(drive) small cars. He avoided ________(answer) my question. Would you mind me ________ (smoke) in this room.

1 I enjoy to swim.:

1 I enjoy to swim. Which is correct ? 2 I enjoy swimming . right

1 I want to study .:

1 I want to study . Which is correct ? 2 I want studying . right

1 I finish to eat .:

1 I finish to eat . Which is correct ? 2 I finish eating . right

1 I need to study .:

1 I need to study . Which is correct ? 2 I need studying . right

1 I hope to study .:

1 I hope to study . Which is correct ? 2 I hope studying . right

1 I stopped to smoke.:

1 I stopped to smoke . Which is correct ? 2 I stopped smoking . right

Non-finite Verbs :

Non-finite Verbs What is a non-finite verb? A non-finite verb (or a verbal) is a verb form that is not limited by a subject; and more generally, it is not fully inflected by categories. A non-finite verb can not be used as the predicate in a sentence. Non-finite verbs cannot be main verbs by themselves. The infinitive and present and past participles are the non-finite parts of a verb; To do ; doing ; done


Infinitives An infinitive is a verbal consisting of the word to plus a verb (in its simplest "stem" form) and functioning as a noun, adjective, or adverb.

Participles :

Participles A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and most often ends in -ing or -ed. There are two types of participles: present participles and past participles. Present participles end in -ing. Past participles end in -ed, -en, -d, -t, or -n, as in the words asked, eaten, saved, dealt, and seen.

Gerunds :

Gerunds A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. The term verbal indicates that a gerund, like the other two kinds of verbals, is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being. However, since a gerund functions as a noun, it occupies some positions in a sentence that a noun ordinarily would, for example: subject, direct object, subject complement, and object of preposition.

Comparing Gerunds and Infinitives:

Comparing Gerunds and Infinitives Gerunds always function as nouns, but infinitives often also serve as nouns. Verbs that take only infinitives as verbal direct objects agree,decide,expect,hesitate,propose, learn,need,promise,neglect,intend,hope, want,plan,attempt,pretend

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