apus master review game chp 8 monroe

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Master Review: Chapter 8 AMSCO Monroe – Era of Good Feelings : 

Master Review: Chapter 8 AMSCO Monroe – Era of Good Feelings Review Game A.P. U.S. History

His steamboat, the Clermont, helped revolutionize travel at the beginning of the 1800s? : 

2 His steamboat, the Clermont, helped revolutionize travel at the beginning of the 1800s? Robert Fulton

published dictionary that reflected the new “American” English! 12,000 more words than other! : 

3 published dictionary that reflected the new “American” English! 12,000 more words than other! Noah Webster

sold apple seedlings to people settling the frontierMyths – wandering vagabond who loved nature and was peaceful to Native Americans : 

4 sold apple seedlings to people settling the frontierMyths – wandering vagabond who loved nature and was peaceful to Native Americans Johnny Appleseed (John Chapman)

WHAT:name for President Monroe's two termsperiod of strong nationalism, economic growth, and territorial expansionfewer partisan conflicts : 

5 WHAT:name for President Monroe's two termsperiod of strong nationalism, economic growth, and territorial expansionfewer partisan conflicts Era of Good Feelings

WHEN: 1819SITUATION:A state(HINT) was taxing the 2nd National BankSIGNIFICANCE: upheld the power of Congress to charter a bank as a government agency (translation 2nd National Bank is constitutional)denied the state the power to tax that agency. : 

6 WHEN: 1819SITUATION:A state(HINT) was taxing the 2nd National BankSIGNIFICANCE: upheld the power of Congress to charter a bank as a government agency (translation 2nd National Bank is constitutional)denied the state the power to tax that agency. McCulloch v. Maryland

When: 1819Significance:declared private corporation charters to be contracts and immune from impairment by states' legislative actionIt freed corporations from the states which created them. : 

7 When: 1819Significance:declared private corporation charters to be contracts and immune from impairment by states' legislative actionIt freed corporations from the states which created them. Dartmouth College v. Woodward

Eventually became first highway built by federal government. but… that’s later!Madison vetoed it because he was a strict constructionist! He thought - STATES WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR INFRASTRUCTURE : 

8 Eventually became first highway built by federal government. but… that’s later!Madison vetoed it because he was a strict constructionist! He thought - STATES WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR INFRASTRUCTURE The National Road (Cumberland Road)

WHAT:SOLUTION: (to avoid a civil war in 1820?) add Maine as a free stateadd Missouri as a slave stateban slavery in new territories above latitude line 36’30ALSO WHO ENGINEERED IT? : 

9 WHAT:SOLUTION: (to avoid a civil war in 1820?) add Maine as a free stateadd Missouri as a slave stateban slavery in new territories above latitude line 36’30ALSO WHO ENGINEERED IT? Missouri Compromise, Henry Clay

When: 1824Significance: (steamboat case)ruled that only the federal government has authority over interstate commerce. : 

10 When: 1824Significance: (steamboat case)ruled that only the federal government has authority over interstate commerce. Gibbons v. Ogden

WHAT:Defined the 49th parallel as the boundary between the U.S. and CanadaProvided a ten year joint occupation of Oregon Country with the Britishaffirmed U.S. rights to fisheries along Newfoundland and LabradorTRIVIA:Becomes the largest demilitarized border in the world. : 

11 WHAT:Defined the 49th parallel as the boundary between the U.S. and CanadaProvided a ten year joint occupation of Oregon Country with the Britishaffirmed U.S. rights to fisheries along Newfoundland and LabradorTRIVIA:Becomes the largest demilitarized border in the world. Treaty of 1818

He created the Cherokee alphabet? : 

12 He created the Cherokee alphabet? Sequoya

When: 1821Significance: upheld the Supreme Court's jurisdiction to review a state court's decision where the case involved breaking federal laws(lottery tickets) : 

13 When: 1821Significance: upheld the Supreme Court's jurisdiction to review a state court's decision where the case involved breaking federal laws(lottery tickets) Cohens v. Virginia

When: 1810Significance: 1st time a state law was declared unconstitutional.Since the land grant was a legal contract, it could not be repealed, even if corruption was involved.Legal contracts can not be repealed.(crooked land deal Georgia) : 

14 When: 1810Significance: 1st time a state law was declared unconstitutional.Since the land grant was a legal contract, it could not be repealed, even if corruption was involved.Legal contracts can not be repealed.(crooked land deal Georgia) Fletcher v. Peck

Major difference between 1st and 2nd National Banks? : 

15 Major difference between 1st and 2nd National Banks? 2nd was more powerful (helped make loans to industry)

WHAT:HOW WE GOT FLORIDA! – WHY?...Spain didn’t want a war!HOW:Monroe sent Andrew Jackson to punish Indians for attacks on Georgia Jackson was invaded Spanish Florida, burned villages, hanged offenders, and captured Pensacola (gave him control of northern Florida)RESULTS:Monroe and Spanish upset, but John Quincy Adams used the event to force Spain into selling us Florida (for $5 million) and giving up its claim to Oregon territory! : 

16 WHAT:HOW WE GOT FLORIDA! – WHY?...Spain didn’t want a war!HOW:Monroe sent Andrew Jackson to punish Indians for attacks on Georgia Jackson was invaded Spanish Florida, burned villages, hanged offenders, and captured Pensacola (gave him control of northern Florida)RESULTS:Monroe and Spanish upset, but John Quincy Adams used the event to force Spain into selling us Florida (for $5 million) and giving up its claim to Oregon territory! Adams-Onis Treaty, 1819

Election of 1820: Monroe got all but one electoral vote over John Q. Adams, WHY THE ONE ? : 

17 Election of 1820: Monroe got all but one electoral vote over John Q. Adams, WHY THE ONE ? in honor of Washington

What were the 3 parts to Henry Clay’s American System? : 

18 What were the 3 parts to Henry Clay’s American System? tariff for protection of U.S. manufacturing to strengthen the national bank revenue from tariff to be used for infrastructure (roads and canals)

WHAT:treaty between the U.S. and Great Britain (which controlled Canada)provided for the mutual disarmament of the Great Lakeslater expanded into an unarmed Canada/U.S. border. : 

19 WHAT:treaty between the U.S. and Great Britain (which controlled Canada)provided for the mutual disarmament of the Great Lakeslater expanded into an unarmed Canada/U.S. border. Rush-Bagot Treaty, 1817

WHAT:bill would have admitted Missouri with its existing slave populationwould forbid new slaves and free all slave children at age 25. PROBLEM:DIDN’T PASS IN SENATE. : 

20 WHAT:bill would have admitted Missouri with its existing slave populationwould forbid new slaves and free all slave children at age 25. PROBLEM:DIDN’T PASS IN SENATE. Tallmadge Amendment

3 changes in transportation from the late 1700s through the 1800s included: __________, steamboats/canals, and ____________. : 

21 3 changes in transportation from the late 1700s through the 1800s included: __________, steamboats/canals, and ____________. turnpikes, steamboats/canals, and railroads

WHAT:goal to improve infrastructureWHO:Henry Clay w/help from John C. CalhounHOW:tariff for protection of U.S. manufacturingto strengthen the national bankrevenue from tariff to be used for infrastructure (roads and canals)PROBLEM:Monroe (think strict construction) thought it was unconstitutional to use federal money to build infrastructure! : 

22 WHAT:goal to improve infrastructureWHO:Henry Clay w/help from John C. CalhounHOW:tariff for protection of U.S. manufacturingto strengthen the national bankrevenue from tariff to be used for infrastructure (roads and canals)PROBLEM:Monroe (think strict construction) thought it was unconstitutional to use federal money to build infrastructure! The American System

First true protective tariff (higher than previous tariffs)! – Monroe’s 1st term (part of the American System)20% on all imported goods! : 

23 First true protective tariff (higher than previous tariffs)! – Monroe’s 1st term (part of the American System)20% on all imported goods! Tariff of 1816

WHAT:natural post-war depression (HINT - first of many)WHY:caused by overproduction and the reduced demand for goods after the war.blamed on the National Bank and caused deflation of money, unemployment, bank failures, soup kitchens, bankruptcies.RESULT: Hurt the West the most : 

24 WHAT:natural post-war depression (HINT - first of many)WHY:caused by overproduction and the reduced demand for goods after the war.blamed on the National Bank and caused deflation of money, unemployment, bank failures, soup kitchens, bankruptcies.RESULT: Hurt the West the most The Panic of 1819

SUPER INFLUENTIAL! Written by John Q. Adams, it declared:Europe should not interfere with Western Hemisphere (interference would be a threat to U.S.).New world colonies that gained independence could not be re-colonized by EuropeU.S. would stay out of European affairsEFFECT: at first it was a show of nationalism, later used to establish U.S. control over western hemisphere : 

25 SUPER INFLUENTIAL! Written by John Q. Adams, it declared:Europe should not interfere with Western Hemisphere (interference would be a threat to U.S.).New world colonies that gained independence could not be re-colonized by EuropeU.S. would stay out of European affairsEFFECT: at first it was a show of nationalism, later used to establish U.S. control over western hemisphere Monroe Doctrine, 1823

BIG TREND – Growth in regionalism or sectionalism! WHY?WHAT were the economies of NE, WEST, and SOUTH based on (tell me each one)? : 

26 BIG TREND – Growth in regionalism or sectionalism! WHY?WHAT were the economies of NE, WEST, and SOUTH based on (tell me each one)? NE=manufacturing, business (wanted high tariffs for manufactured goods, not on raw materials) WEST=farming (wanted low tariffs for manufactured goods, and high prices for raw materials) SOUTH=plantation farming w/slaves (worried new western states could vote against slavery, taking it away)! ALL OF THEM – worried about who had most power in congress (think - Connecticut Compromise)!

WHAT:opened first mechanized textile factory in U.S., 1814 good wagesclean quartershired local farm girlsIMPACT:helped change New England’s focus from shipping to manufacturing (industry) : 

27 WHAT:opened first mechanized textile factory in U.S., 1814 good wagesclean quartershired local farm girlsIMPACT:helped change New England’s focus from shipping to manufacturing (industry) Francis Cabot Lowell

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