AP US History UNIT 1 Review Game 09-10

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Unit 1 ReviewChapters 1-4 : 

Unit 1 ReviewChapters 1-4 2009-2010

As governor of Virginia, he angered poor farmers by being friendly with Native Americans and not protecting people living on the Western Frontier. : 

2 As governor of Virginia, he angered poor farmers by being friendly with Native Americans and not protecting people living on the Western Frontier. Sir William Berkley Colonial Period

Journey between Africa and New World20% death rate : 

3 Journey between Africa and New World20% death rate Middle Passage Colonial Period

From 1577 to 1580, he circumnavigated the globe. He was a privateer (“Sea Dog”), or a captain who could loot other ships. He was sent by England’s Queen Elizabeth I to raid Spanish ships and settlements for gold. He helped defend England against the Spanish. : 

4 From 1577 to 1580, he circumnavigated the globe. He was a privateer (“Sea Dog”), or a captain who could loot other ships. He was sent by England’s Queen Elizabeth I to raid Spanish ships and settlements for gold. He helped defend England against the Spanish. Sir Francis Drake AGE OF EXPLORATION

WHEN: (1739) WHAT: earliest known organized act of rebellion against slavery60 to 100 slavesburned houses and killed whitesGet to Florida…Get FreedomSad ending…RESULT:Led to more strict slave codes : 

5 WHEN: (1739) WHAT: earliest known organized act of rebellion against slavery60 to 100 slavesburned houses and killed whitesGet to Florida…Get FreedomSad ending…RESULT:Led to more strict slave codes Stono Rebellion Colonial Period

He explored the northeast coast of North America in 1497 and 1498, claiming Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and the Grand Banks for England. : 

6 He explored the northeast coast of North America in 1497 and 1498, claiming Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, and the Grand Banks for England. John Cabot AGE OF EXPLORATION

It was a theory of trade stressing that a nation’s economic strength (more gold and silver) depended on exporting more than it imported. It manifested itself in triangular trade and in laws passed between the mid-1600s and the mid 1700s, such as the Navigation Acts (1651-1673), aimed at fostering British economic dominance. : 

7 It was a theory of trade stressing that a nation’s economic strength (more gold and silver) depended on exporting more than it imported. It manifested itself in triangular trade and in laws passed between the mid-1600s and the mid 1700s, such as the Navigation Acts (1651-1673), aimed at fostering British economic dominance. Mercantilism Colonial Period

A group of Native American mound builders in the Ohio Valley region. : 

8 A group of Native American mound builders in the Ohio Valley region. Hopewell Indians Colonial Period

Puritan preachers (and sermons) that warned about straying from religion : 

9 Puritan preachers (and sermons) that warned about straying from religion Jeremiads Colonial Period

A leader of Protestant Reformation. He believed in predestination (God had already decided who was saved). : 

10 A leader of Protestant Reformation. He believed in predestination (God had already decided who was saved). John Calvin Colonial Period

FOUNDED BY:Swedish, LutheransWHAT:NEW SWEDENArgued and fought with Peter Stuyvesant andacquired by the Dutch in 1655BECAME A QUAKER COLONY (1703):Given to William Penn (Pennsylvania) to provide access to the Atlantic Ocean : 

11 FOUNDED BY:Swedish, LutheransWHAT:NEW SWEDENArgued and fought with Peter Stuyvesant andacquired by the Dutch in 1655BECAME A QUAKER COLONY (1703):Given to William Penn (Pennsylvania) to provide access to the Atlantic Ocean Delaware Colonial Period

Crops of southern colonies : 

12 Crops of southern colonies (Chesapeake) – tobacco, (Carolina and Georgia) – rice and indigo Colonial Period

A Puritan and the first colonial poet to be published. The main subjects of her poetry were family, home, and religion. : 

13 A Puritan and the first colonial poet to be published. The main subjects of her poetry were family, home, and religion. Ann Bradstreet Colonial Period

It is often cited as the first example of self-government in the Americas. The Pilgrims, having arrived at a harbor far north of the land that was rightfully theirs, signed it to establish a “civil body politic” under the sovereignty of James I. : 

14 It is often cited as the first example of self-government in the Americas. The Pilgrims, having arrived at a harbor far north of the land that was rightfully theirs, signed it to establish a “civil body politic” under the sovereignty of James I. Mayflower Compact Colonial Period

Governor of the Dominion of New England from 1686 until 1692, when the colonists rebelled and forced him to return to England. : 

15 Governor of the Dominion of New England from 1686 until 1692, when the colonists rebelled and forced him to return to England. Sir Edmond Andros Colonial Period

In 1676, a Virginia planter, led a group of 300 settlers in a war against the local Native Americans. When Virginia’s royal governor questioned his actions, he and his men burned and looted Jamestown. It showed the increasing hostility between the poor and the wealthy in the Chesapeake region. : 

16 In 1676, a Virginia planter, led a group of 300 settlers in a war against the local Native Americans. When Virginia’s royal governor questioned his actions, he and his men burned and looted Jamestown. It showed the increasing hostility between the poor and the wealthy in the Chesapeake region. Bacon’s Rebellion Colonial Period

He was a Spanish explorer who was trying to find a Fountain of Youth. Instead, he landed in Florida. : 

17 He was a Spanish explorer who was trying to find a Fountain of Youth. Instead, he landed in Florida. Juan Ponce de Leon AGE OF EXPLORATION

As governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, he (1588-1649) was instrumental in forming the colony’s government and shaping its legislative policy. He envisioned the colony, centered in present day Boston, as a “city upon a hill” from which Puritans would spread religious righteousness throughout the world. : 

18 As governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, he (1588-1649) was instrumental in forming the colony’s government and shaping its legislative policy. He envisioned the colony, centered in present day Boston, as a “city upon a hill” from which Puritans would spread religious righteousness throughout the world. John Winthrop Colonial Period

This was a method established by the Spanish in order to enslave Native American populations. The Spanish Crown would give land to Spaniards, but recipients were obligated to care for their native slaves. : 

19 This was a method established by the Spanish in order to enslave Native American populations. The Spanish Crown would give land to Spaniards, but recipients were obligated to care for their native slaves. Encomienda Colonial Period

System which granted parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres to colonists who brought indentured servants into America. They were used by the Virginia Company to attract more colonists. : 

20 System which granted parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres to colonists who brought indentured servants into America. They were used by the Virginia Company to attract more colonists. Headright System Colonial Period

council started by in 1675 James II (when he was Duke of York)PURPOSE:To enforce the Navigation ActsTo administer the coloniesstarted taking control first in the West IndiesTREND:King appointed governmentRoyal governors given list of powersColonies must pay for their own government : 

21 council started by in 1675 James II (when he was Duke of York)PURPOSE:To enforce the Navigation ActsTo administer the coloniesstarted taking control first in the West IndiesTREND:King appointed governmentRoyal governors given list of powersColonies must pay for their own government Lords of Trade Colonial Period

New France worked with Native Americans to maintain stability by meeting with Native Americans OnontioGovernor of New FranceServed as a sort of chief, give to get what you want : 

22 New France worked with Native Americans to maintain stability by meeting with Native Americans OnontioGovernor of New FranceServed as a sort of chief, give to get what you want Middle Ground Diplomacy Colonial Period

Winter of (1609-1610) – Settlers didn’t farm so they were reduced to eating “doggs, Catts, Ratts, Myce” and each other Numbers go from 400 - 60 : 

23 Winter of (1609-1610) – Settlers didn’t farm so they were reduced to eating “doggs, Catts, Ratts, Myce” and each other Numbers go from 400 - 60 Starving times Colonial Period

The chartered company of Dutch merchants that administered the African slave trade among west Africa and the Americas; contributed to Dutch colonization in the Americas : 

24 The chartered company of Dutch merchants that administered the African slave trade among west Africa and the Americas; contributed to Dutch colonization in the Americas Dutch West India Company Colonial Period

Founded 1663, led by nobles (lord proprietors) eventually became royal southern: large rice and indigo plantations with slaves northern: small self-sufficient tobacco farms : 

25 Founded 1663, led by nobles (lord proprietors) eventually became royal southern: large rice and indigo plantations with slaves northern: small self-sufficient tobacco farms Carolina Colonial Period

They inhabited the Andes Mountains in South America, built elaborate road systems, spoke Quechua, and had a strong central government : 

26 They inhabited the Andes Mountains in South America, built elaborate road systems, spoke Quechua, and had a strong central government Incas AGE OF EXPLORATION

They were new religious leaders who helped form the Great Awakening and broke away from the “old” congregational church in New England. : 

27 They were new religious leaders who helped form the Great Awakening and broke away from the “old” congregational church in New England. “New Lights” Colonial Period

Native Americans living in SE America, created massive earthen mounds, remarkable constructions that must have taken many thousands of work-hours to produce. : 

28 Native Americans living in SE America, created massive earthen mounds, remarkable constructions that must have taken many thousands of work-hours to produce. Mississippians Colonial Period

It was the ship that carried the Pilgrims across the Atlantic from the Netherlands to Plymouth Plantation in 1920 (the Pilgrims had fled England to the Netherlands before heading to the New World). : 

29 It was the ship that carried the Pilgrims across the Atlantic from the Netherlands to Plymouth Plantation in 1920 (the Pilgrims had fled England to the Netherlands before heading to the New World). Mayflower Colonial Period

Colonists in the NE formed this in 1643 as a defense against local Native American tribes and the encroaching Dutch. The colonists formed the alliance without the English crown’s authorization. : 

30 Colonists in the NE formed this in 1643 as a defense against local Native American tribes and the encroaching Dutch. The colonists formed the alliance without the English crown’s authorization. New England Confederation Colonial Period

Fought in North America (1754-1763), England’s victory in this war brought England control of much disputed territory and eliminated the French as a threat to English dominance in the Americas. : 

31 Fought in North America (1754-1763), England’s victory in this war brought England control of much disputed territory and eliminated the French as a threat to English dominance in the Americas. French and Indian War Colonial Period

He was an English settler in Jamestown. He married the daughter of the chief of the Native American Powhatan tribe, Pocahontas, and introduced the Jamestown colonists to West Indian tobacco in 1616. Tobacco soon became the lifeblood of Jamestown colony, bringing in much revenue and many immigrants eager for a share in the colony’s expanding wealth. : 

32 He was an English settler in Jamestown. He married the daughter of the chief of the Native American Powhatan tribe, Pocahontas, and introduced the Jamestown colonists to West Indian tobacco in 1616. Tobacco soon became the lifeblood of Jamestown colony, bringing in much revenue and many immigrants eager for a share in the colony’s expanding wealth. John Rolfe Colonial Period

He was a Portuguese explorer (sailing for Spain) who wanted to find a sea route to the Spice Islands by sailing west around the American continent. He died during the trip, but his crew was the first to circumnavigate the world, proving that the Earth was round. : 

33 He was a Portuguese explorer (sailing for Spain) who wanted to find a sea route to the Spice Islands by sailing west around the American continent. He died during the trip, but his crew was the first to circumnavigate the world, proving that the Earth was round. Ferdinand Magellan AGE OF EXPLORATION

He was a Frenchman, explored the Great Lakes and established the first French colony in North America at Quebec in 1608. : 

34 He was a Frenchman, explored the Great Lakes and established the first French colony in North America at Quebec in 1608. Samuel de Champlain AGE OF EXPLORATION

An English explorer sponsored by the Dutch East India Company. He sailed up the river that now bears his name in 1609, nearly reaching present-day Albany. His explorations gave the Dutch territorial claims to the ________ Bay region. : 

35 An English explorer sponsored by the Dutch East India Company. He sailed up the river that now bears his name in 1609, nearly reaching present-day Albany. His explorations gave the Dutch territorial claims to the ________ Bay region. Henry Hudson AGE OF EXPLORATION

An English Quaker, who founded Pennsylvania in 1682, after receiving a charter from King Charles II the year before. He launched the colony as a “holy experiment” based on religious tolerance. : 

36 An English Quaker, who founded Pennsylvania in 1682, after receiving a charter from King Charles II the year before. He launched the colony as a “holy experiment” based on religious tolerance. William Penn Colonial Period

Native American; Southwest - made irrigation system, hurt by drought. : 

37 Native American; Southwest - made irrigation system, hurt by drought. Hohokam Colonial Period

Signed between Spain and Portugal in 1494, dividing all future discoveries in the New World between their respective nations.. : 

38 Signed between Spain and Portugal in 1494, dividing all future discoveries in the New World between their respective nations.. Treaty of Tordesillas AGE OF EXPLORATION

Capitalized on the complaints of his fellow poor farmers, and went on to lead a rebellion against local native villages, Successful in defeating Sir William Berkley's forces, and then set fire to Jamestown : 

39 Capitalized on the complaints of his fellow poor farmers, and went on to lead a rebellion against local native villages, Successful in defeating Sir William Berkley's forces, and then set fire to Jamestown Nathaniel Bacon Colonial Period

Explored Mississippi River and claimed Louisiana for France (in honor of Louis XIV - the Sun King)! : 

40 Explored Mississippi River and claimed Louisiana for France (in honor of Louis XIV - the Sun King)! Robert de La Salle Colonial Period

A large estate where cash crops are grown on a large scale (especially in tropical areas) – THINK Southern Colonies and West Indies : 

41 A large estate where cash crops are grown on a large scale (especially in tropical areas) – THINK Southern Colonies and West Indies plantation Colonial Period

Founded in 1636 by Thomas Hooker because of previous religious disagreements, it led to the 1st written constitution in North America (Fundamental Orders). : 

42 Founded in 1636 by Thomas Hooker because of previous religious disagreements, it led to the 1st written constitution in North America (Fundamental Orders). Connecticut Colonial Period

It was a time of religious fervor during the 1730s and 1740s. The movement arose in reaction to the rise of skepticism and the waning of religious faith brought about by the Enlightenment. Protestant ministers held revivals throughout the English colonies in America, stressing the need for individuals to repent and urging a personal understanding of truth. : 

43 It was a time of religious fervor during the 1730s and 1740s. The movement arose in reaction to the rise of skepticism and the waning of religious faith brought about by the Enlightenment. Protestant ministers held revivals throughout the English colonies in America, stressing the need for individuals to repent and urging a personal understanding of truth. First Great Awakening Colonial Period

Passed under the mercantilist system, they (1651-1673) regulated trade in order to benefit the British economy. They restricted trade between England and its colonies to English or colonial ships, required certain colonial goods to pass through England before export, provided subsidies for the production of certain raw goods in the colonies, and banned colonial competition in large scale manufacturing. : 

44 Passed under the mercantilist system, they (1651-1673) regulated trade in order to benefit the British economy. They restricted trade between England and its colonies to English or colonial ships, required certain colonial goods to pass through England before export, provided subsidies for the production of certain raw goods in the colonies, and banned colonial competition in large scale manufacturing. Navigation Acts Colonial Period

First African-American poet to be published in America : 

45 First African-American poet to be published in America Phillis Wheatley Colonial Period

They were usually white adult males who bound themselves to labor in the colonies for a fixed number or years in order to secure their freedom. Some immigrants came to the colonies willingly, while others were criminals, and still others were kidnapped or manipulated into coming in order to remedy the severe labor shortage in the colonies. : 

46 They were usually white adult males who bound themselves to labor in the colonies for a fixed number or years in order to secure their freedom. Some immigrants came to the colonies willingly, while others were criminals, and still others were kidnapped or manipulated into coming in order to remedy the severe labor shortage in the colonies. Indentured servitude Colonial Period

He set up praying towns to convert Native Americans and help them assimilate (a missionary)? : 

47 He set up praying towns to convert Native Americans and help them assimilate (a missionary)? John Eliot Colonial Period

He was an English explorer who established England’s first American colony in 1585. This settlement was off the coast of North Carolina, on Roanoke Island. : 

48 He was an English explorer who established England’s first American colony in 1585. This settlement was off the coast of North Carolina, on Roanoke Island. Sir Walter Raleigh AGE OF EXPLORATION

In Calvinism, they were “the elect”. Believed that they were already predestined to go to Heaven (they had a conversion experience) and could vote in the church. : 

49 In Calvinism, they were “the elect”. Believed that they were already predestined to go to Heaven (they had a conversion experience) and could vote in the church. Visible Saints Colonial Period

He wanted a divorced so he created the Anglican Church which was a major event the Protestant Reformation. : 

50 He wanted a divorced so he created the Anglican Church which was a major event the Protestant Reformation. Henry VIII Colonial Period

He sailed to the New World under the Spanish flag in 1492. Although not the first European to reach the Americas, he is credited with the journey across the Atlantic that finally opened the New World to exploration. In 1493, he established Santo Domingo on the island of Hispaniola as a base for further exploration. : 

51 He sailed to the New World under the Spanish flag in 1492. Although not the first European to reach the Americas, he is credited with the journey across the Atlantic that finally opened the New World to exploration. In 1493, he established Santo Domingo on the island of Hispaniola as a base for further exploration. Christopher Columbus AGE OF EXPLORATION

Throughout the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, the English government did not enforce those trade laws that most harmed the colonial economy. It’s purpose was to ensure the loyalty of the colonists in the face of the French territorial and commercial threat in North America. The English ceased practicing it following British victory in the French and Indian War. : 

52 Throughout the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, the English government did not enforce those trade laws that most harmed the colonial economy. It’s purpose was to ensure the loyalty of the colonists in the face of the French territorial and commercial threat in North America. The English ceased practicing it following British victory in the French and Indian War. Salutary neglect Colonial Period

Fancy word for 2 house legislature (this was a trend in colonial government)? : 

53 Fancy word for 2 house legislature (this was a trend in colonial government)? bicameral Colonial Period

To have a healthy one, a nation should have more exports than imports : 

54 To have a healthy one, a nation should have more exports than imports Balance of Trade Colonial Period

Movement against Catholic Church resulted from Martin Luther (95 theses) and the idea of faith alone. : 

55 Movement against Catholic Church resulted from Martin Luther (95 theses) and the idea of faith alone. Protestant Reformation Colonial Period

Great example of an early Joint-Stock Company (think about Jamestown). : 

56 Great example of an early Joint-Stock Company (think about Jamestown). Virginia Company Colonial Period

They were appointed successors to King James II (Catholic). They were brought in to rule as limited monarchs (NOT absolute monarchs). Think Glorious Revolution! : 

57 They were appointed successors to King James II (Catholic). They were brought in to rule as limited monarchs (NOT absolute monarchs). Think Glorious Revolution! William and Mary Colonial Period

The overthrow of (Catholic) King James || of England, William and Mary became rulers of England. WHAT was the NAME for THIS? (Hint) - the “bloodless revolution”? : 

58 The overthrow of (Catholic) King James || of England, William and Mary became rulers of England. WHAT was the NAME for THIS? (Hint) - the “bloodless revolution”? Glorious Revolution Colonial Period

A Jesuit missionary and fur trader, he and Louis Joliet explored the upper Mississippi river in 1673? : 

59 A Jesuit missionary and fur trader, he and Louis Joliet explored the upper Mississippi river in 1673? Father Marquette Colonial Period

Catholic missionariesstrictly opposed Protestants yet worked with non-Christians very well : 

60 Catholic missionariesstrictly opposed Protestants yet worked with non-Christians very well Jesuits Colonial Period

Europeans brought:crops: wheat, rice, coffee, bananas, and olives; and animals: horses, cows, pigs, and chickensDiseases: yellow fever, smallpox, and malariaAmericas contributed:crops: corn, potatoes, tomatoes, lima beans, squash, peanuts, cassava, cacao, and pineapple a virulent form of syphilis : 

61 Europeans brought:crops: wheat, rice, coffee, bananas, and olives; and animals: horses, cows, pigs, and chickensDiseases: yellow fever, smallpox, and malariaAmericas contributed:crops: corn, potatoes, tomatoes, lima beans, squash, peanuts, cassava, cacao, and pineapple a virulent form of syphilis Columbian Exchange AGE OF EXPLORATION

Roger Williams started this colony in 1636 which had total religious freedom and separation of church and state.Friendly to Native Americansbecomes most religiously and politically (liberal) tolerant colony = DIVERSITY!safe haven for unorthodox faiths? : 

62 Roger Williams started this colony in 1636 which had total religious freedom and separation of church and state.Friendly to Native Americansbecomes most religiously and politically (liberal) tolerant colony = DIVERSITY!safe haven for unorthodox faiths? Rhode Island Colonial Period

required that property could only be left to direct descendants (usually sons), and not to persons outside of the family. : 

63 required that property could only be left to direct descendants (usually sons), and not to persons outside of the family. Entail Colonial Period

Staple crop of many Native American societiesSpread out of Mexico : 

64 Staple crop of many Native American societiesSpread out of Mexico maize AGE OF EXPLORATION

People in Spanish New World - 1 parent European, 1 parent African : 

65 People in Spanish New World - 1 parent European, 1 parent African Mulatto AGE OF EXPLORATION

A general term for any one of a group of Spanish explorers in the New World who sought to take control, establish dominance, and prosper from the natural resources, including gold. They established a large empire stretching from Mexico to Chile. : 

66 A general term for any one of a group of Spanish explorers in the New World who sought to take control, establish dominance, and prosper from the natural resources, including gold. They established a large empire stretching from Mexico to Chile. Conquistador AGE OF EXPLORATION

A French sailor who explored the St. Lawrence River region between 1534 and 1542, he searched for a Northwest Passage. He found no such passage, but claimed Canada for the French. : 

67 A French sailor who explored the St. Lawrence River region between 1534 and 1542, he searched for a Northwest Passage. He found no such passage, but claimed Canada for the French. Jacques Cartier AGE OF EXPLORATION

He effectively saved Jamestown from collapse in 1608, its first year of existence. His initiatives to improve sanitation, to organize farming, and to build shelters dramatically lowered mortality rates among Jamestown colonists. : 

68 He effectively saved Jamestown from collapse in 1608, its first year of existence. His initiatives to improve sanitation, to organize farming, and to build shelters dramatically lowered mortality rates among Jamestown colonists. John Smith AGE OF EXPLORATION

The first English settlement in the New World. It was off the coast of North Carolina, established in 1587. Virginia Dare, the first English child born on here. The settlement failed, and no one knows what became of the people who first settled there. : 

69 The first English settlement in the New World. It was off the coast of North Carolina, established in 1587. Virginia Dare, the first English child born on here. The settlement failed, and no one knows what became of the people who first settled there. Roanoke AGE OF EXPLORATION

He was a Portuguese explorer who was the first European to sail from Europe to India. First to sail around the Cape of Good Hope (southern tip of Africa) and make it to India, opening a trade route that is still used today. : 

70 He was a Portuguese explorer who was the first European to sail from Europe to India. First to sail around the Cape of Good Hope (southern tip of Africa) and make it to India, opening a trade route that is still used today. Vasco da Gama AGE OF EXPLORATION

He published articles critical of British governor William Cosby. He was taken to trial, but found not guilty. The trial set a precedent for freedom of the press in the colonies. : 

71 He published articles critical of British governor William Cosby. He was taken to trial, but found not guilty. The trial set a precedent for freedom of the press in the colonies. John Peter Zenger Colonial Period

He is the alleged leader of a group of Icelandic people who sailed to the eastern coast of Canada and unsuccessfully attempted to colonize the area around the year 1000, nearly 500 years before Columbus arrived in the Americas. : 

72 He is the alleged leader of a group of Icelandic people who sailed to the eastern coast of Canada and unsuccessfully attempted to colonize the area around the year 1000, nearly 500 years before Columbus arrived in the Americas. Leif Ericson AGE OF EXPLORATION

He was a Spanish conquistador who went to the West Indies in 1504. In 1519, he established Veracruz, the first Spanish colony in Mexico. By 1521, he had conquered the Aztec Empire using horses, gunpowder, and steel weapons. : 

73 He was a Spanish conquistador who went to the West Indies in 1504. In 1519, he established Veracruz, the first Spanish colony in Mexico. By 1521, he had conquered the Aztec Empire using horses, gunpowder, and steel weapons. Hernando Cortes AGE OF EXPLORATION

Established in Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619, is considered to be the first representative government in the New World. It consisted of 22 representatives from 11 districts of colonists. : 

74 Established in Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619, is considered to be the first representative government in the New World. It consisted of 22 representatives from 11 districts of colonists. House of Burgesses Colonial Period

In the absence of government funding, these formed to accrue funding for colonization through the sale of public shares. They dominated English colonization throughout the seventeenth century. : 

75 In the absence of government funding, these formed to accrue funding for colonization through the sale of public shares. They dominated English colonization throughout the seventeenth century. Joint-stock companies Colonial Period

Set up by the Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, it was a church system in which each local church served as the center of its own community. This structure stood in contrast to the Church of England, in which the single state church held sway over all local churches. : 

76 Set up by the Puritans of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, it was a church system in which each local church served as the center of its own community. This structure stood in contrast to the Church of England, in which the single state church held sway over all local churches. Congregationalism Colonial Period

A dissenter, he clashed with Massachusetts Puritans over the issue of separation of church and state. After being banished from Massachusetts in 1636, he traveled south, where he founded the colony of Rhode Island, which granted full religious freedom to its inhabitants. : 

77 A dissenter, he clashed with Massachusetts Puritans over the issue of separation of church and state. After being banished from Massachusetts in 1636, he traveled south, where he founded the colony of Rhode Island, which granted full religious freedom to its inhabitants. Roger Williams Colonial Period

Name for business under the mercantilist system which linked England, its colonies in North America, the West Indies, and Africa. New England rum was shipped to Africa and traded for slaves, who were brought to the West Indies and traded for sugar and molasses, which went back to New England. : 

78 Name for business under the mercantilist system which linked England, its colonies in North America, the West Indies, and Africa. New England rum was shipped to Africa and traded for slaves, who were brought to the West Indies and traded for sugar and molasses, which went back to New England. Triangular Trade Colonial Period

They were English Protestants who would not accept allegiance in any form to the Church of England. Example: the Pilgrims, founded Plymouth Plantation and went on to other settlements in Rhode Island and elsewhere in New England. : 

79 They were English Protestants who would not accept allegiance in any form to the Church of England. Example: the Pilgrims, founded Plymouth Plantation and went on to other settlements in Rhode Island and elsewhere in New England. Separatists Colonial Period

In 1692, several girls accused their neighbors of witchcraft. More than 100 people were tried as witches, and 19 women and one man were executed. Puritan minister Cotton Mather eventually helped stop the trials and executions. Where did this occur? : 

80 In 1692, several girls accused their neighbors of witchcraft. More than 100 people were tried as witches, and 19 women and one man were executed. Puritan minister Cotton Mather eventually helped stop the trials and executions. Where did this occur? Salem, Massachusetts Colonial Period

They were a Protestant group aiming to “cleanse” the Anglican Church. In the early 1600s, they suffered religious persecution in England and emigrated to the Americas. The first group of them established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in Boston. From Boston, their influence in North America spread throughout the region of New England and with it came a focus on family life and a pious restraint of passion. : 

81 They were a Protestant group aiming to “cleanse” the Anglican Church. In the early 1600s, they suffered religious persecution in England and emigrated to the Americas. The first group of them established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in Boston. From Boston, their influence in North America spread throughout the region of New England and with it came a focus on family life and a pious restraint of passion. Puritans Colonial Period

They were a group of English Separatists who had originally sought refuge in the Netherlands. In 1620, they sailed to Plymouth on the Mayflower and established the colony of Plymouth Plantation. : 

82 They were a group of English Separatists who had originally sought refuge in the Netherlands. In 1620, they sailed to Plymouth on the Mayflower and established the colony of Plymouth Plantation. Pilgrims Colonial Period

1st common experience of coloniesNew protestant divisions grew: (Baptists and Methodists)New universities were created: Dartmouth, Rutgers, Princeton : 

83 1st common experience of coloniesNew protestant divisions grew: (Baptists and Methodists)New universities were created: Dartmouth, Rutgers, Princeton First Great Awakening - results Colonial Period

Itinerant preacher, great speaker he helped start the Great Awakening, also a leader of the "New Lights." : 

84 Itinerant preacher, great speaker he helped start the Great Awakening, also a leader of the "New Lights." George Whitefield Colonial Period

Delivered famous “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” sermon (1741) and is credited for starting the First Great Awakening. : 

85 Delivered famous “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” sermon (1741) and is credited for starting the First Great Awakening. Jonathan Edwards Colonial Period

Native American group in Southwest, built adobe homes. : 

86 Native American group in Southwest, built adobe homes. Pueblo Colonial Period

English Political Partyfavored changes (liberal)wanted strong parliament : 

87 English Political Partyfavored changes (liberal)wanted strong parliament Whigs Colonial Period

Started Maryland as a religious haven for Catholics. : 

88 Started Maryland as a religious haven for Catholics. Lord Baltimore Colonial Period

Believed in the power of one’s “inner light” or that the power of God resided in the soul of the individual. They led to William Penn’s “Holy Experiment” : 

89 Believed in the power of one’s “inner light” or that the power of God resided in the soul of the individual. They led to William Penn’s “Holy Experiment” Quakers Colonial Period

Spanish conquistador who conquered Atahualpa and the Incas? : 

90 Spanish conquistador who conquered Atahualpa and the Incas? Francisco Pizarro AGE OF EXPLORATION

Roanoke was late getting supplies because of this (it vanished by the time supplies actually arrived)? : 

91 Roanoke was late getting supplies because of this (it vanished by the time supplies actually arrived)? Spanish Armada Colonial Period

He helped start the Protestant Reformation with his 95 Theses on church door. Faith alone leads to salvation, not through church. : 

92 He helped start the Protestant Reformation with his 95 Theses on church door. Faith alone leads to salvation, not through church. Martin Luther Colonial Period

EVIDENCE OF SELF-GOVERNMENT:Colonial protests of Duke of York’s rule led to this which gave New York:elected assembly, freedom of worship, trial by jury : 

93 EVIDENCE OF SELF-GOVERNMENT:Colonial protests of Duke of York’s rule led to this which gave New York:elected assembly, freedom of worship, trial by jury New York Charter of Liberties and Privileges Colonial Period

Reestablished Protestantism as the state religion of England and she led the defeat of the Spanish armada. Also sent out the “Sea Dogs” : 

94 Reestablished Protestantism as the state religion of England and she led the defeat of the Spanish armada. Also sent out the “Sea Dogs” Elizabeth I Colonial Period

For the Dutch. he purchased Manhattan island from a local Indian group ($24 in trinkets and goods). : 

95 For the Dutch. he purchased Manhattan island from a local Indian group ($24 in trinkets and goods). Peter Minuit Colonial Period

A pilgrim that lived in a north colony called Plymouth in 1620 and was chosen governor 30 times. : 

96 A pilgrim that lived in a north colony called Plymouth in 1620 and was chosen governor 30 times. William Bradford Colonial Period

First explorer (Portuguese) to reach Southern tip of Africa in 1488? : 

97 First explorer (Portuguese) to reach Southern tip of Africa in 1488? Bartholomeu Dias AGE OF EXPLORATION

A Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador. He crossed the Isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean in 1513, becoming the first European to see the Pacific from the New World. : 

98 A Spanish explorer, governor, and conquistador. He crossed the Isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean in 1513, becoming the first European to see the Pacific from the New World. Vasco Nunez de Balboa Colonial Period

Native American site near St. Louis with large mounds (built by Mississippian groups). : 

99 Native American site near St. Louis with large mounds (built by Mississippian groups). Cahokia Colonial Period

The Southern Colonies (names)? : 

100 The Southern Colonies (names)? Chesapeake (Virginia, Maryland), Carolinas, and Georgia Colonial Period

King James II of England decreed the creation of this as a measure to enforce the Navigation Acts and to coordinate the mutual defense of colonies against the French and hostile Native Americans. : 

101 King James II of England decreed the creation of this as a measure to enforce the Navigation Acts and to coordinate the mutual defense of colonies against the French and hostile Native Americans. Dominion of New England Colonial Period

Large farming estates, large tracks of land, popular in the south. : 

102 Large farming estates, large tracks of land, popular in the south. Plantation System Colonial Period

“First constitution" in colonial America, drafted by Thomas Hooker (hint) and others; served as a model for future constitutions; power of government to come from the people. : 

103 “First constitution" in colonial America, drafted by Thomas Hooker (hint) and others; served as a model for future constitutions; power of government to come from the people. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, 1639 Colonial Period

He founded Connecticut in for religious reasons (Massachusetts bay was too strict). Led to the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut! : 

104 He founded Connecticut in for religious reasons (Massachusetts bay was too strict). Led to the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut! Thomas Hooker Colonial Period

To vote in a puritan church you had to be a member of elect, to be an member of the elect you had to have this? You had to document “this” to be a member of the “elect”. : 

105 To vote in a puritan church you had to be a member of elect, to be an member of the elect you had to have this? You had to document “this” to be a member of the “elect”. conversion experience Colonial Period

The three major factors that drew Europeans to explore and eventually go to the New World. : 

106 The three major factors that drew Europeans to explore and eventually go to the New World. God, Gold, Glory- 3 G's Colonial Period

This act was created because of the fear that more Protestants would come to Lord Baltimore’s colony, and persecute the Catholics there. It stated, if you believed in the divinity of Jesus then you had religious freedom. : 

107 This act was created because of the fear that more Protestants would come to Lord Baltimore’s colony, and persecute the Catholics there. It stated, if you believed in the divinity of Jesus then you had religious freedom. Maryland Act of Religious Toleration 1649 Colonial Period

Middle colonies consisted of? – : 

108 Middle colonies consisted of? – Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware Colonial Period

Founder and governor of the Georgia colony (a debtor colony and buffer colony to protect the Carolinas from raids from Spanish Florida). : 

109 Founder and governor of the Georgia colony (a debtor colony and buffer colony to protect the Carolinas from raids from Spanish Florida). James Oglethorpe Colonial Period

When King James II was dethroned and replaced by King William of the Netherlands, the colonists of New York started this rebellion? It represented the poor and working class, resulting in class tension. : 

110 When King James II was dethroned and replaced by King William of the Netherlands, the colonists of New York started this rebellion? It represented the poor and working class, resulting in class tension. Leisler's Rebellion Colonial Period

Puritans moved across the Atlantic seeking religious freedom and a new start (in large numbers during the 1630s-1640s). : 

111 Puritans moved across the Atlantic seeking religious freedom and a new start (in large numbers during the 1630s-1640s). The Great Puritan Migration Colonial Period

Mass Bay Colony (economy) primarily consisted of? : 

112 Mass Bay Colony (economy) primarily consisted of? Primarily fishing, shipbuilding and timber Colonial Period

a dissenter in the Massachusetts Bay Colony who caused a schism in the Puritan community. She was expelled from the colony in 1637 and traveled southward with a number of her followers, establishing the settlement of Portsmouth, Rhode Island. : 

113 a dissenter in the Massachusetts Bay Colony who caused a schism in the Puritan community. She was expelled from the colony in 1637 and traveled southward with a number of her followers, establishing the settlement of Portsmouth, Rhode Island. Anne Hutchinson Colonial Period

It applied to those members of the Puritan colonies who were the children of church members, but who hadn’t achieved a “conversion experience” themselves. It allowed them to participate in some church affairs. : 

114 It applied to those members of the Puritan colonies who were the children of church members, but who hadn’t achieved a “conversion experience” themselves. It allowed them to participate in some church affairs. Halfway Covenant Colonial Period

1680, in Spanish territory (present day New Mexico), this Native American rebellion was one of the most successful in the New World and it led to governors changing tactics and became more cooperative w/ them. : 

115 1680, in Spanish territory (present day New Mexico), this Native American rebellion was one of the most successful in the New World and it led to governors changing tactics and became more cooperative w/ them. Pueblo Revolt or Pope’s Rebellion Colonial Period

WHO:French explorer (he actually was Italian)sent by King Francis I (1524) to find a northwest passageexplored coast the of N. America : 

116 WHO:French explorer (he actually was Italian)sent by King Francis I (1524) to find a northwest passageexplored coast the of N. America Giovanni de Verrazano Colonial Period

Name for French fur traders “roamers of the woods” : 

117 Name for French fur traders “roamers of the woods” coureurs de bois Colonial Period

Native American society that practiced human sacrifice and ruled Central Mexico and founded Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) : 

118 Native American society that practiced human sacrifice and ruled Central Mexico and founded Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) Aztecs AGE OF EXPLORATION

Large feudal properties in New Amsterdam that bordered the Hudson river were given to people who could settle 50 people on the estate The landowners received rent, taxes, and labor from tenant farmers : 

119 Large feudal properties in New Amsterdam that bordered the Hudson river were given to people who could settle 50 people on the estate The landowners received rent, taxes, and labor from tenant farmers Patroonship System Colonial Period

Indians who fought with Jamestown colony, Pocahontas was one. John Smith helped have friendly relations with them? : 

120 Indians who fought with Jamestown colony, Pocahontas was one. John Smith helped have friendly relations with them? Powhatans Colonial Period

People in Spanish New World - Born in Europe : 

121 People in Spanish New World - Born in Europe Peninsular AGE OF EXPLORATION

Duke of York gives parts of the New York colony to Berkeley and Carteret, which they eventually sold to Quakers? : 

122 Duke of York gives parts of the New York colony to Berkeley and Carteret, which they eventually sold to Quakers? New Jersey Colonial Period

King of Spain, sent the Spanish Armada to destroy England (but it was defeated – weakening Spain and empowering England) : 

123 King of Spain, sent the Spanish Armada to destroy England (but it was defeated – weakening Spain and empowering England) Philip II Colonial Period

Originally a trading and fishing colony run by John Mason, it was annexed by the Mass Bay Colony and eventually separated from Massachusetts by king Charles II in 1679 (became a royal colony w/appointed governor) : 

124 Originally a trading and fishing colony run by John Mason, it was annexed by the Mass Bay Colony and eventually separated from Massachusetts by king Charles II in 1679 (became a royal colony w/appointed governor) New Hampshire Colonial Period

one of the strongest and longest lasting Native American alliancesNearly wiped out New France : 

125 one of the strongest and longest lasting Native American alliancesNearly wiped out New France Iroquois League/Confederation Colonial Period

power to tax and spend public money : 

126 power to tax and spend public money power of the purse Colonial Period

Created the Lords of Trade and Dominion of New EnglandHe was a Catholic king feared by parliament, overthrown by William and Mary in a bloodless revolution : 

127 Created the Lords of Trade and Dominion of New EnglandHe was a Catholic king feared by parliament, overthrown by William and Mary in a bloodless revolution James II Colonial Period

required that a man's real property pass in its entirety to his oldest son : 

128 required that a man's real property pass in its entirety to his oldest son Primogeniture Colonial Period

WHAT:a line between four U.S. states, forming part of the borders of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, and West Virginia (then part of Virginia).WHEN:1763 and 1767WHY: border dispute between British colonies in SIGNIFICANCE:symbolically used as boundary between free states and slave states : 

129 WHAT:a line between four U.S. states, forming part of the borders of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, and West Virginia (then part of Virginia).WHEN:1763 and 1767WHY: border dispute between British colonies in SIGNIFICANCE:symbolically used as boundary between free states and slave states Mason-Dixon Line Colonial Period

English “Pirates” who attacked Spanish shipslike: Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Hawkins : 

130 English “Pirates” who attacked Spanish shipslike: Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Hawkins Sea Dogs Colonial Period

Founded by James Oglethorpe in 1733 as a debtors haven and also served as a buffer state between (rich) South Carolina and Spanish Florida. : 

131 Founded by James Oglethorpe in 1733 as a debtors haven and also served as a buffer state between (rich) South Carolina and Spanish Florida. Georgia Colonial Period

William Penn's title for his colony in Pennsylvania, dealt fairly with Indians, freedom of religion : 

132 William Penn's title for his colony in Pennsylvania, dealt fairly with Indians, freedom of religion “Holy Experiment” Colonial Period

Villages of converted Native Americans (originally set up by John Eliot they helped Native Americans assimilate) : 

133 Villages of converted Native Americans (originally set up by John Eliot they helped Native Americans assimilate) Praying Towns Colonial Period

Conquistador who led an expedition that searched for the seven golden cities of Cibola and in doing so claimed much of American southwest for Spain (first European to see Grand Canyon) : 

134 Conquistador who led an expedition that searched for the seven golden cities of Cibola and in doing so claimed much of American southwest for Spain (first European to see Grand Canyon) Francisco Coronado AGE OF EXPLORATION

Founded New York.Got the land when Dutch surrendered and no gun shot was fired when the king of England ordered military takeover James, brother of Charles II : 

135 Founded New York.Got the land when Dutch surrendered and no gun shot was fired when the king of England ordered military takeover James, brother of Charles II Duke of York Colonial Period

1 parent European, 1 parent Native AmericanPeople in Spanish New World : 

136 1 parent European, 1 parent Native AmericanPeople in Spanish New World Mestizo AGE OF EXPLORATION

– European descent, born in coloniesPeople in Spanish New World : 

137 – European descent, born in coloniesPeople in Spanish New World Creole AGE OF EXPLORATION

It allowed for hunters/gatherers (they were moving from place to place for food) from Asia to get to the Americas as much as 40,000 years ago? : 

138 It allowed for hunters/gatherers (they were moving from place to place for food) from Asia to get to the Americas as much as 40,000 years ago? Beringia AGE OF EXPLORATION

Complex Native American society that developed on the Yucatan Peninsula. They had a had a more accurate calendar than Europeans and a sophisticated approach to mathematics and astronomy : 

139 Complex Native American society that developed on the Yucatan Peninsula. They had a had a more accurate calendar than Europeans and a sophisticated approach to mathematics and astronomy Mayans AGE OF EXPLORATION

Spanish conquistador who explored Florida. First European to reach the Mississippi river. : 

140 Spanish conquistador who explored Florida. First European to reach the Mississippi river. Hernando de Soto AGE OF EXPLORATION

1565, 1st permanent European establishment in what later becomes the United States (founded by Pedro Menendez de Aviles) : 

141 1565, 1st permanent European establishment in what later becomes the United States (founded by Pedro Menendez de Aviles) St. Augustine AGE OF EXPLORATION

People in France who converted to Calvinism : 

142 People in France who converted to Calvinism Hugeunots Colonial Period

WHEN: 1598WHAT:1t was granted by King Henry IV of Franceand gave Huguenots (French Calvinists) limited rights : 

143 WHEN: 1598WHAT:1t was granted by King Henry IV of Franceand gave Huguenots (French Calvinists) limited rights Edict of Nantes Colonial Period

It traded in SE Asia in the 1600s for the NetheralndsRichest company in the world! : 

144 It traded in SE Asia in the 1600s for the NetheralndsRichest company in the world! Dutch East India Company Colonial Period

Unpopular governor ( harsh rule and heavy taxes) of New Netherlands who swore to defend the city, but the colonists refused to help him. In the end, he surrendered to the English without firing a shot. : 

145 Unpopular governor ( harsh rule and heavy taxes) of New Netherlands who swore to defend the city, but the colonists refused to help him. In the end, he surrendered to the English without firing a shot. Peter Stuyvesant Colonial Period

Sea Dog – 1st Englishman to sail around world! : 

146 Sea Dog – 1st Englishman to sail around world! Sir Francis Drake Colonial Period

Sea Dog – smuggled English goods into Spanish colonies? : 

147 Sea Dog – smuggled English goods into Spanish colonies? Sir John Hawkins Colonial Period

Large Spanish estates in the New World with crops and herds (think encomienda) : 

148 Large Spanish estates in the New World with crops and herds (think encomienda) Haciendas AGE OF EXPLORATION

Sir Walter Raleigh's half-brother, claimed Newfoundland after receiving a grant from Elizabeth IHe was brutal to the Irish? : 

149 Sir Walter Raleigh's half-brother, claimed Newfoundland after receiving a grant from Elizabeth IHe was brutal to the Irish? Sir Humphrey Gilbert Colonial Period

A colony settled in Virginia to make money. It was the first permanent English settlement. Founded in 1607 by the Virginia company (joint-stock company) : 

150 A colony settled in Virginia to make money. It was the first permanent English settlement. Founded in 1607 by the Virginia company (joint-stock company) Jamestown Colonial Period

Daughter of Powhatan, member of Powhatan tribe, saved captain John Smith's life and married John Rolfe (led to a time of peace between the English and the Indians) : 

151 Daughter of Powhatan, member of Powhatan tribe, saved captain John Smith's life and married John Rolfe (led to a time of peace between the English and the Indians) Pocahontas Colonial Period

Founded by Lord Baltimore, safe haven for Catholics, created the Act of Religious Toleration (1949) and had tobacco plantations? : 

152 Founded by Lord Baltimore, safe haven for Catholics, created the Act of Religious Toleration (1949) and had tobacco plantations? Maryland Colonial Period

Colony founded in 1620 by the separatist Pilgrims who came over on the Mayflower. Located on Cape Cod in New England. : 

153 Colony founded in 1620 by the separatist Pilgrims who came over on the Mayflower. Located on Cape Cod in New England. Plymouth Colonial Period

Native American who had lived in Europe and spoke English. He helped the Pilgrims learn to fertilize soil on their farms and establish relations with Massasoit, a chief of the Wampanoags : 

154 Native American who had lived in Europe and spoke English. He helped the Pilgrims learn to fertilize soil on their farms and establish relations with Massasoit, a chief of the Wampanoags Squanto Colonial Period

One of the first colonies in New England; established in 1630 by puritans. John Winthrop was first governor and Boston was capital. Brought lots of families and grew as a result of the Great Puritan Migration? : 

155 One of the first colonies in New England; established in 1630 by puritans. John Winthrop was first governor and Boston was capital. Brought lots of families and grew as a result of the Great Puritan Migration? Mass. Bay Colony Colonial Period

a purely democratic form of government common in the Middle and New England colonies (especially New England) voting population would meet once a year to elect officers, levy taxes, and pass lawsEXAMLE OF SELF GOVERNMENT : 

156 a purely democratic form of government common in the Middle and New England colonies (especially New England) voting population would meet once a year to elect officers, levy taxes, and pass lawsEXAMLE OF SELF GOVERNMENT Town meetings Colonial Period

the belief that god's chosen people did not have to obey god's or man's laws because they were already in god's record as predestined to enter heaven. Identified with Anne Hutchinson : 

157 the belief that god's chosen people did not have to obey god's or man's laws because they were already in god's record as predestined to enter heaven. Identified with Anne Hutchinson Antinomianism Colonial Period

New England Colonies? : 

158 New England Colonies? Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire Colonial Period

Middle Colonies? : 

159 Middle Colonies? New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware Colonial Period

Southern Colonies : 

160 Southern Colonies Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia Colonial Period

Example of self-government in Pennsylvania (William Penn’s government)? : 

161 Example of self-government in Pennsylvania (William Penn’s government)? Greater Law of Pennsylvania Colonial Period

the oldest college in America (1636), which reflected puritan commitment to an educated ministry : 

162 the oldest college in America (1636), which reflected puritan commitment to an educated ministry Harvard Colonial Period

WHO: Wampanoags and Narragansetts were angry about losing more land to colonists.WHAT:tribes united to drive English off of landRESULTS:thousands died, many villages (52) burned3,000 Native Americans, 1,000 colonistslast major attempt to stop colonial spread in New England : 

163 WHO: Wampanoags and Narragansetts were angry about losing more land to colonists.WHAT:tribes united to drive English off of landRESULTS:thousands died, many villages (52) burned3,000 Native Americans, 1,000 colonistslast major attempt to stop colonial spread in New England King Philip’s War Colonial Period

English Political Partyfavored little change (conservative)favored powerful monarch : 

164 English Political Partyfavored little change (conservative)favored powerful monarch Tories Colonial Period

Anyone not a Christian or a Jew : 

165 Anyone not a Christian or a Jew heathens Colonial Period

Started by Native American widows who wanted to replace their lossesCaptive women and children assimilated, men were tortured : 

166 Started by Native American widows who wanted to replace their lossesCaptive women and children assimilated, men were tortured Mourning Wars Colonial Period

Edmond Andros (then gov. of NY) signed this agreement in 1677 to link New York with Native Americans for businessfollowed the Dutch tradition : 

167 Edmond Andros (then gov. of NY) signed this agreement in 1677 to link New York with Native Americans for businessfollowed the Dutch tradition Covenant Chain of Peace Colonial Period

WHAT:justice without juriesHelped enforce navigation actsEFFECTS:Feared by colonists, yet welcomed if they helped. : 

168 WHAT:justice without juriesHelped enforce navigation actsEFFECTS:Feared by colonists, yet welcomed if they helped. Vice-Admiralty Courts Colonial Period

Governor of New FranceServed as a sort of chief, give to get what you want? : 

169 Governor of New FranceServed as a sort of chief, give to get what you want? Onontio Colonial Period

Who were the first people in the Americas? : 

170 Who were the first people in the Americas? Asians AGE OF EXPLORATION

He helped inspire exploration and increase demand for goods from Asia by writing a book about his travels to China in the late 1200s : 

171 He helped inspire exploration and increase demand for goods from Asia by writing a book about his travels to China in the late 1200s Marco Polo AGE OF EXPLORATION

They helped usher Europe out of the “Dark Ages” as Europeans came into contact with different cultures and goods. They were started by Pope Urban II in an effort to regain the city of Jerusalem from the Turks. : 

172 They helped usher Europe out of the “Dark Ages” as Europeans came into contact with different cultures and goods. They were started by Pope Urban II in an effort to regain the city of Jerusalem from the Turks. Crusades AGE OF EXPLORATION

He established a mariners’ school in Portugal which helped make greater exploration possible.It developed the caravel and created better maps for navigation. : 

173 He established a mariners’ school in Portugal which helped make greater exploration possible.It developed the caravel and created better maps for navigation. Prince Henry of Portugal AGE OF EXPLORATION

Which European country was the first to enter the Age of Exploration by sailing down the coast of Africa? : 

174 Which European country was the first to enter the Age of Exploration by sailing down the coast of Africa? Portugal AGE OF EXPLORATION

The Americas are named after this Italian navigator. : 

175 The Americas are named after this Italian navigator. Amerigo Vespucci AGE OF EXPLORATION

– Born in AmericasPeople in Spanish New World : 

176 – Born in AmericasPeople in Spanish New World Native AGE OF EXPLORATION

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