US History UNIT 1 Wild Wild West Review Game 2011-2012

Views:
 
Category: Entertainment
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Wild Wild West:

Wild Wild West Review Game U.S. History

Vast area of grassland owned by the government in the west. Provided free grazing land for cattle herds:

2 Vast area of grassland owned by the government in the west. Provided free grazing land for cattle herds Open Range

WHAT: The concept that the nation was meant (by god) to spread west to the Pacific. SIGNIFICANCE: People moved West! WHY: California Gold Rush, 1849 First coined by newspaper editor, John O’Sullivan in 1845.:

3 WHAT: The concept that the nation was meant (by god) to spread west to the Pacific. SIGNIFICANCE: People moved West! WHY: California Gold Rush, 1849 First coined by newspaper editor, John O’Sullivan in 1845. Manifest Destiny

PowerPoint Presentation:

4 Wheat Belt

WHAT: Discovery of one of the largest silver deposits in the world ($230 million) in Virginia City, Nevada. RESULT: Encouraged people to move to Nevada! :

5 WHAT: Discovery of one of the largest silver deposits in the world ($230 million) in Virginia City, Nevada. RESULT: Encouraged people to move to Nevada! Comstock Lode

WHAT: They grew up over night in the west providing: restaurants, laundries, hotels for miners EXAMPLE – Virginia City, Nevada:

6 WHAT: They grew up over night in the west providing: restaurants, laundries, hotels for miners EXAMPLE – Virginia City, Nevada boomtowns

Name for people who moved WEST, plowed, and farmed the Great Plains? HINT – Think about their houses!:

7 Name for people who moved WEST, plowed, and farmed the Great Plains? HINT – Think about their houses! Sod Busters

Government program that sold land to settlers for $10 fee -160 acres (1/4 mile square) -Must be 21 years of age and head of household -Must be American citizens or immigrants filed for citizenship -Must farm land for 5 years EFFECT: More people moved WEST!:

8 Government program that sold land to settlers for $10 fee -160 acres (1/4 mile square) -Must be 21 years of age and head of household -Must be American citizens or immigrants filed for citizenship -Must farm land for 5 years EFFECT: More people moved WEST! Homestead Act, 1862

Last major armed conflict between the Great Sioux Nation and the United States Later described as a "massacre" in a letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs:

9 Last major armed conflict between the Great Sioux Nation and the United States Later described as a "massacre" in a letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs Battle of Wounded Knee, 1890

Boomtowns became ___________ when the mineral deposits of gold and silver were all gone!:

10 Boomtowns became ___________ when the mineral deposits of gold and silver were all gone! ghost towns

Method used by miners in which they sprayed high pressure water to wash away dirt and rocks to expose the minerals:

11 Method used by miners in which they sprayed high pressure water to wash away dirt and rocks to expose the minerals hydraulic mining

PowerPoint Presentation:

12 Cotton Belt

Mining changed from placer and sluice mining to __________:

13 Mining changed from placer and sluice mining to __________ hydraulic mining

The movement of cattle by cowboys to railheads for shipment to eastern markets? Texas to Kansas Kansas to stockyards in Chicago In the stockyards they were slaughtered and their meat was packaged for shipment to consumers in the east:

14 The movement of cattle by cowboys to railheads for shipment to eastern markets? Texas to Kansas Kansas to stockyards in Chicago In the stockyards they were slaughtered and their meat was packaged for shipment to consumers in the east Long Drive

WHAT Fights over land (open range) between farmers and ranchers RESULTS: Over time long drives ended and big-business ranches developed! :

15 WHAT Fights over land (open range) between farmers and ranchers RESULTS: Over time long drives ended and big-business ranches developed! Range Wars

Major Indian victory Sioux led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse 7th Cavalry led by general George A. Custer Called “Custer's last stand” RESULT: Over 200 men from seventh cavalry killed:

16 Major Indian victory Sioux led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse 7 th Cavalry led by general George A. Custer Called “Custer's last stand” RESULT: Over 200 men from seventh cavalry killed Battle of the Little Big Horn, 1876

Major invention of Joseph Glidden that changed the west by helping farmers fence off their land. It was one of the reasons the long drives ended!:

17 Major invention of Joseph Glidden that changed the west by helping farmers fence off their land. It was one of the reasons the long drives ended! Barbed-Wire

huge Spanish ranches in the southwest owned by the rich!:

18 huge Spanish ranches in the southwest owned by the rich! haciendas

Spanish-speaking neighborhoods that developed in many southwestern cities:

19 Spanish-speaking neighborhoods that developed in many southwestern cities barrios

Volunteers in many of the western boomtowns who took the law into their own hands!:

20 Volunteers in many of the western boomtowns who took the law into their own hands! VIGILANCE COMMITTEES

PowerPoint Presentation:

21 Corn Belt

Mining changed from placer and sluice mining to __________:

22 Mining changed from placer and sluice mining to __________ hydraulic mining

He (an explorer) labeled called this region the “GREAT AMERICAN DESERT” in 1819? CHANGE: By the late 1800s, this region was called the “Bread Basket” of America! :

23 He (an explorer) labeled called this region the “GREAT AMERICAN DESERT” in 1819? CHANGE: By the late 1800s, this region was called the “Bread Basket” of America! Major Stephen Long

More people moved here after the Civil War and the Homestead Act (1862). It was originally called the “GREAT AMERICAN DESERT” by Major Stephen Long (an explorer) CHANGE: By the late 1800s, it was called the “Bread Basket” of America!:

24 More people moved here after the Civil War and the Homestead Act (1862). It was originally called the “GREAT AMERICAN DESERT” by Major Stephen Long (an explorer) CHANGE: By the late 1800s, it was called the “Bread Basket” of America! The Great Plains

public land available for settlement:

25 public land available for settlement homestead

Gold was discovered in Sutter’s Mill in 1848 and it set off this wave of migration to the West as people went to strike it rich :

26 Gold was discovered in Sutter’s Mill in 1848 and it set off this wave of migration to the West as people went to strike it rich California Gold Rush

Because of a lack of water, farmers used innovative ways to get their crops to grow. WHAT WERE THEY CALLED? An example of these methods would be to plant drought resistant seeds deeper so that they were closer to the moisture in the ground!:

27 Because of a lack of water, farmers used innovative ways to get their crops to grow. WHAT WERE THEY CALLED? An example of these methods would be to plant drought resistant seeds deeper so that they were closer to the moisture in the ground! dry farming techniques

The Great Plains became both the “Bread Basket” of America and it is where the ________ Belt is found?:

28 The Great Plains became both the “Bread Basket” of America and it is where the ________ Belt is found? Wheat (Belt)

Name for large farms on the Great Plains that made huge profits! Usually WHEAT FARMS! They turned into big businesses?:

29 Name for large farms on the Great Plains that made huge profits! Usually WHEAT FARMS! They turned into big businesses? Bonanza Farms

people who move from place to place! EXAMPLE – Great Plains Indians (relied on the buffalo):

30 people who move from place to place! EXAMPLE – Great Plains Indians (relied on the buffalo) nomads

Colonel J.M. Chivington’s militia massacred some 600 Indians. The Indians thought that they were going to negotiate a peace treaty. Women were shot while praying, children were killed, and braves were tortured and mutilated:

31 Colonel J.M. Chivington’s militia massacred some 600 Indians. The Indians thought that they were going to negotiate a peace treaty. Women were shot while praying, children were killed, and braves were tortured and mutilated Sand Creek Massacre, 1864

Best known leader of the Nez Perce (Pacific Northwest) a humanitarian and peacemaker famous for resistance to against American encroachments on their land KEY: Didn’t want to be moved to a reservation in Idaho… Tried to flee to Canada!:

32 Best known leader of the Nez Perce (Pacific Northwest) a humanitarian and peacemaker famous for resistance to against American encroachments on their land KEY: Didn’t want to be moved to a reservation in Idaho… Tried to flee to Canada! Chief Joseph

GOAL: The goal was to assimilate Native Americans into white culture quickly WHAT: outlawed tribal ownership of land forced 160-acre homesteads into the hands of individual Indians and their families the promise of future citizenship (after 25 years) RESULTS: stripped tribes of their land FAILED to incorporate Native Americans into U.S. society :

33 GOAL: The goal was to assimilate Native Americans into white culture quickly WHAT: outlawed tribal ownership of land forced 160-acre homesteads into the hands of individual Indians and their families the promise of future citizenship (after 25 years) RESULTS: stripped tribes of their land FAILED to incorporate Native Americans into U.S. society Dawes Act, 1887

WHAT: By 1890, there was technically no frontier left! HE ARGUED that the frontier had been like a “safety-valve” for population in the EAST. It shaped American Character -rugged -individualistic -adventurous -democratic:

34 WHAT: By 1890, there was technically no frontier left! HE ARGUED that the frontier had been like a “safety-valve” for population in the EAST. It shaped American Character -rugged -individualistic -adventurous -democratic Frederick Jackson Turner

_______________ published “A Century of Dishonor” 1881 detailing the federal government’s bad record in dealing with the Indians EFFECT: created a certain amount of sympathy for the plight of the Indians:

35 _______________ published “ A Century of Dishonor ” 1881 detailing the federal government’s bad record in dealing with the Indians EFFECT : created a certain amount of sympathy for the plight of the Indians Helen Hunt Jackson

Why did people move WEST after the Civil War? Provide at least 2 reasons…:

36 Why did people move WEST after the Civil War? Provide at least 2 reasons… GET RICH - Demand for minerals rose! New opportunities (especially immigrants and Exodusters) Cheap land from the government Homestead Act, 1862 Government land grants Government wanted west the settled Manifest destiny

These groups took part in the Oklahoma land rush (1889)! ___________ waited for the signal during the Oklahoma rush and ___________ jumped the gun. :

37 These groups took part in the Oklahoma land rush (1889)! ___________ waited for the signal during the Oklahoma rush and ___________ jumped the gun. Boomers/Sooners

List 3 major improvements in technology which helped farmers who moved west after the Civil War.:

38 List 3 major improvements in technology which helped farmers who moved west after the Civil War. Dry farming, steel plow, mechanical reaper, barbed wire,

Name for African American cavalry soldiers 9th and 10th U.S. Cavalry:

39 Name for African American cavalry soldiers 9th and 10th U.S. Cavalry Buffalo Soldiers

authorStream Live Help