DOWRY SYSTEM IN INDIA: Prof. Dr. B. D. Karhad Chintamanrao College of Commerce, Sangli (Maharashtra) DOWRY SYSTEM IN INDIA DOWRY SYSTEM IN INDIA: DOWRY SYSTEM IN INDIA INDEX: INTRODUCTION NATURE OF PROBLEM CAUSES EFFECTS MEASURES LEGISLATIONS CONCLUSION Introduction: Introduction A dowry is the money, goods, or estate that a woman brings to a marriage. In India, dowry is given in the form of - Flat or bungalow Vehicle jewelry cash or gifts electrical appliances furniture bedding crockery utensils and other household items that help the newly-weds set up their home. Nature of problem: Nature of problem Dowry deaths number in the hundreds each year. Indian government has introduced so many laws to stop dowry system, yet the people have not changed . only 18% of prosecutions involving dowry killings result in conviction. Even highly educated people are also running towards Dowry. Over 90% of government employees actively seek and get a dowry from their bride's family. Expenditure on marriage is considered as expenditure on prestige. Marriage is not private affair but social programme. Causes of Dowry: Causes of Dowry Dowry system is prevailing in India due to following reasons- Inferior status of woman Women don’t get share in property Women don’t have independent source of income Less literacy rate in women More expenses on education of boys Pressure of old tradition Ambition of becoming rich Less number of highly educated grooms Social prestige Insurance or protection money Insisting of same caste marriages Effects of Dowry System: Effects of Dowry System Dowry killings Indebtedness Odd couples, marriage by compulsion Hindrances in progress of women Increase in divorce rate Inter caste marriage Wife Suicides Increase in girls’ education False complaints and allegations Domestic violence Abortions or child selection tests Measures to Control Dowry Problem in India: Measures to Control Dowry Problem in India Strictly enforcing anti –dowry act. Educating public about evils of dowry system. Arranging Group marriages, vivaha melava Banning huge expenditure on marriages. Public servants not to take dowry. Allowing inter caste marriages. Inviting relatives only for marriage ceremony. Encouraging savings . Allowing third girl child on request . LEGISLATIONS: LEGISLATIONS Payment of dowry or gifts in any form are prohibited under the following acts- Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 Indian Penal Code (IPC )- Sections 304B and 498a Dowry and Bridal Gifts Restrictions Rules, 1976 Dowry Prohibition (Maintenance of Lists of Presents to the Bride and Bridegroom) Rules, 1985 Despite anti-dowry laws in India, it is still a common practice. Conclusion: Conclusion People should not attend such marriages. Girls should refuse to marry boys who ask for dowry. Dowry act should be changed, accepting dowry should be made a non- bailable crime. It should be mandatory to Surpanch , talathi , corporater , NGOs to report such cases to the police for action. Police on their own should file complaints against dowry takers.