Slide 2: Meaning of poverty
Poverty is the inability to get the minimum consumption requirements for life, health, and efficiency. These requirements include food ,clothing,housing,education and basic health requirements.
The term poverty is used in two ways:
1)Absolute poverty: Absolute poverty refers to a section of society ,who is unable to have even basic necessities of life or fails to attain a minimum standard of living. It is determined on the basis of two criteria
i)Minimum calories criterion
ii) Minimum consumption expenditure criterion.
2)Relative poverty: It refers to a comparatively study of different classes,regions,and different countries. The country whose level of subsistence is low, is treated poor or relatively poor in comparison with a class of people having high subsistence
Slide 3: Poverty line
Poverty line Is the line which indicates the level of purchasing power required to satisfy the minimum needs of a person.purchasing power can be expressed in the form average per capita monthly expenditure.
Thus the line divides the population into two groups ,one of those who have this purchasing power or more .
Poverty line is a cut off point on the income distribution,which divides the population as poor and non-poor.people below poverty line are poor and above that line are average and rich.
Causes of poverty : Causes of poverty Heavy pressure of population
Increase in prices
Slow economic growth
Chronic unemployment and under-employment
Lack of able and efficient entrepreneurs
Lack of proper industrialization
Outdated social institutions
No proper use of natural resources
Lack of developed means of transport
Poor work culture
Sugesstions for removal of poverty : Sugesstions for removal of poverty Increase in economic growth rate
Development of agriculture
Increase in production of goods for mass consumption
Stability in price level
Check on increase in population
Increase in employment
Change in the technique of production
Equal distribution of income
More concessions to backward areas
Increase in saving and investment
Special scheme for rural development
Effective public distribution system
Measures taken by government : Measures taken by government Swaranjayanti gram swarozgar yojana
Sampoorna grameen rozgar yojana
National food for work programme
Small and cottage industries
Prime minister rozgar yojana
Swaranjayanti shahri rozgar yojana
National rural employment guarantee programme