Designing an African Mask

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Designing an African Mask Using Symmetry, Positive Negative Space, and Shape:

Designing an African Mask Using Symmetry, Positive Negative Space, and Shape Mrs. Comstock

When we do this project, our objectives are to::

When we do this project, our objectives are to: •Learn about cultural masks Simplify and stylize shapes. •Understand the expressive power of simple shapes. •The balance and interaction of positive and negative shapes. •The use of symmetry in design. •The effects of color, pattern and texture on your design.

What are African Masks Used For?:

What are African Masks Used For? •African mask are generally made to be used. This African art is usually made to be used in various ceremonies and social events such as weddings and funerals. •Mask usually have a spiritual meaning or connection. •It is generally believed that the individual who wears the mask transforms into a spirit during some type of ritual. This can allow for communication between humans and spirits . •Mask are usually designed to appear human or animal or a combination of the two.

Who makes African Masks?:

Who makes African Masks? There are African tribal artists who are trained for many years in traditional carving techniques and how these apply to the social and religious objects they create. The artist holds a respected position in African tribal society. It is his job to provide the various masks and sculptures for use in ritual ceremonies . His work is valued for its spiritual, rather than its aesthetic qualities . (What is AESTHETIC?)

Are African Masks ART?:

Are African Masks ART? COMPOSITION - Formal symmetrical arrangements of line, shape and form in figures and masks evoke integrity and dignity. TEXTURE - Skilled craftsmanship, fine detail and quality of finish are of great importance to the African tribal artist. Highly polished surfaces which represent a youthful healthy skin reflect the idea of beauty and virtue, while rough dirty surfaces suggest fear and evil. Many African carvings portray the idealized human figure in its prime, brimming with health, strength, and celebrating fertility or virility. SHAPE - African masks take on many forms. They can be oval, circular, rectangular, elongated, heart-shaped, animal or human, or any combination of these.

How are African masks designed?:

How are African masks designed?

The Biombo Mask:

The Biombo Mask The eyes are a typical coffee bean shape . A triangular checkerboard design is used to decorate the eyebrows and the planes of the face. The three forms at the back of the head represent the Biombo hairstyle. Feathers are often attached to the top of Biombo masks. Biombo masks are usually worn during tribal rituals and ceremonies.

What shapes are evident on this mask? How/where are animals reflected?:

What shapes are evident on this mask? How/where are animals reflected?

The Bwa Mask:

The Bwa Mask Plank shaped with a circular face at one end and a crescent moon at the other. Their wearer looks through a hole in the mouth. The eyes are based on an owl and the hooked nose comes from the hornbill. Both these birds are thought to possess magical powers . The plank section is decorated with geometric patterns which are an essential design element in many African masks and carvings. Geometric pattern creates an external rhythm which echoes the internal spiritual energy of the artwork. It can also be used as a coded language where the design communicates secret knowledge to those in the know.

What do the pointed forms on the top of the head represent?:

What do the pointed forms on the top of the head represent?

The Lulua Mask:

The Lulua Mask The Lulua were famous for decorating their bodies with intricate scarification marks and tattoos. They also applied these designs to their sculptures and masks. The masks, which are rare, are usually incised with geometric pattern and colored with a reddish pigment. The pointed forms on the top of the head represent the Lulua hairstyle.

The Teke African Mask:

The Teke African Mask These masks are usually decorated with geometric symbols and divided by a horizontal stripe. They are colored with clay and paint.

African Masks - Pende:

African Masks - Pende The Pende mask above is a ‘ Panya Ngombe ’ mask which has a combination of a human and buffalo features.

Kota Mask:

Kota Mask Kota figures have very stylized heads and simplified lozenge shaped bodies. Their faces are oval with a convex surface to represent males or a concave surface to represent females.

African Masks - Senufo:

African Masks - Senufo Senufo masks combine features of animals and humans in a single design.

Finally, what modern styles do you think African art influenced?:

Finally, what modern styles do you think African art influenced? The expressive power of African art was fundamental to the revolution and development of these first modernist styles: Fauvism: Symbolic Color Expressionism: charged with an emotional and spiritual vision Cubism: challenged conventional forms of representation.

Your Options in Approaching This::

Your Options in Approaching This:

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