History of Occupational Therapy

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The History of Occupational Therapy: 

The History of Occupational Therapy Major Events that Shaped a Profession

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PARADIGM SHIFTS IN OT

Late 1800s The Arts and Crafts Movement: 

Late 1800s The Arts and Crafts Movement Emerged from the need for “moral treatment” “Craftsman” ideal: Occupation pursued at its own pace; not on a production time table Enobled power of handwork as useful, important, a joy. Viewed people as more than mere machines; human beings as having morals, values, and a sense of purpose.

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National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy Founded in 1917 SLAGLE

Major Influences: 

Major Influences Jane Addams Settlement Hull House

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“Our industrialism has created the false idea of success in production to the point of overproduction, bringing with it a kind of nausea to the worker and a delirium of the trader . . .” “The man of today has lost the capacity and pride of workmanship and has substituted for it a measure in terms of money.” There is “a real pleasure in the use and activity of one’s hands and muscles.” “one can find pride and satisfaction in performing and doing. Furthermore, “Our body is not merely so many pounds of flesh and bone figuring as a machine. Philosophy of occupational therapy, Meyer, A. (1922). Philosophy of occupational therapy. Archives of Occupational Therapy, 1, 1–10. MEYER’S MODERN MAXIMS

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Reconstruction Aides with recovering serviceman in 1917, France

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Reconstruction Aides with recovering serviceman in 1917, France

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RA’s at Evacuation Hospital #27, Germany, 1918

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Stump Massage by RA in WWI

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Occupational therapists with recovering wounded soldiers at Walter Reed General Hospital 1918-1920

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Continued influence of WWII, Korea, Vietnam, Iraq, Afghan Wars

OT in Afghanistan: 

OT in Afghanistan Captain Rebecca Meloy-Hawkins, MS, OTR/L WMU Class of 2008

Impact of Diagnostic Populations: 

Impact of Diagnostic Populations Wounded Veterans-Biologic/Orthopedic Tuberculosis Polio Survival of neonates =developmental disorders Survival of Catastrophic Injury, e.g. ABI Polytrauma via Iraq/Afghan Wounded Warriors Autism Move from Disease to Health Models

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TB Sanitorium, 1922

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Post polio, 1950

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Iron Lung Technology for Polio Treatment

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NICU…to follow up intervention

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Polytrauma Unit in Veterans Hospital Albuquerque

Handout: History of the American Occupational Therapy Association: 

Handout: History of the American Occupational Therapy Association