A Brief Introduction to

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A Brief Introduction to English-speaking Countries:

A Brief Introduction to English-speaking Countries Zhang Huahong School of Foreign Studies Available at sfs.scnu.edu.cn/hhzhang/index.htm

Course macro-objectives (MOs):

Course macro-objectives (MOs) General cultural studies. Specific knowledge about major English-speaking countries (esp. UK + USA). Extensive reading and targeted vocabulary acquisition (related to course arrangement rationale). Research ability (info/material collection and organisation, paper writing, reference.)

MO. I. Cultural Studies:

MO. I. Cultural Studies Importance of cultural studies, for English majors in particular. Cultural study attitude and approaches: - comparative: historical = diachronic 历时性 - vertical 纵向 + Spacial 空间性 = synchronic 共时性 - horizontal 横向 - critical: active learning, never take things from granted.  Important implication: comparison and relations with China should be added.

MO.II. Country-specific background knowledge:

MO.II. Country-specific background knowledge History: how these countries have been related to one another? (lecture) Land: geography, environment, climate, places of interests, major cities … - What is the relationship between a country ’ s natural environment and its economy, people, and culture? People: - population size - composition (according to different criteria such as racial/ethnic, regional, cultural.) - Political and social implications (political arrangements, policies, conflicts … )

MO.II. Background knowledge in specific domains - 2:

MO.II. Background knowledge in specific domains - 2 4. Politics: state structure, government structure, electoral system, political parties, important political personalities … 5. Economy: economic sectors, strength and weakness … 6. The target country and the world: foreign policy, international relations, relations with China. 7. Education: system, formation. 8. Culture (pop and high): festivals, customs, sports, literature, fine art, etc.

About the textbook…:

About the textbook … Why these six countries? Apart from language, what might be other reasons that we put them together? What is the status of English in these countries? [native lang., official lang., lingua franca]

Distribution of NESs by country:

Distribution of NESs by country

The Anglosphere [anglophone]:

The Anglosphere [anglophone]

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Country Native speakers 1. USA 214,809,000 2. UK 58,200,000 3. Canada 17,694,830 4. Australia 15,581,334 5. Ireland 4,200,000 6. South Africa 3,673,203 7. New Zealand 3,500,000 8. Singapore 665,087

Native language ≠ official language:

Native language ≠ official language English is an official language in 53 countries and regions. But it is not an official language of the UK. Only in part of the US (30 states) is English an official language, not at the federal level. It is the de facto official language of UK and USA. Official languages in Canada: Eng. + Fr., in Ireland: Irish + Eng., in New Zealand: Eng. + Maori + NZ sign lang.

Apart from Eng as NL, other factors…:

Apart from Eng as NL, other factors … Ethnic/r acial: white being the largest group. (later see “ population/demography ” ) Historical: former British colonies or settlements [US: 1776, part of Canada: 1 763 - 1867 , Ireland: 1922, Oz: 1901, NZ: 1907], Commonwealth of Nations , NATO. Predominant religion: Christianity [Anglicanism, Roman Catholicism and others]

Commonwealth of Nations:

Commonwealth of Nations

Christianity percentage by country:

Christianity percentage by country

Importance of history studies!!! :

Importance of history studies!!! yesterday (history) – today (now) – tomorrow (future) Next lecture ’ s topic.

What is there in a name?:

What is there in a name? United Kingdom of Great Britain (England + Scotland + Wales) and Northern Ireland. United States of America ( Amerigo Vespucci) Republic of Ireland ( É iru  É ire + land) Canada (Kanata = village/settlement) Commonwealth of Australia ( Australis , latin.: southern) New Zealand (Zeeland, NL.)

What is the symbolism in the national flag?:

What is the symbolism in the national flag? Pattern. Colour. Historical c hange.

The Union Flag/Jack:

The Union Flag/ Jack

England:

England

Scotland :

Scotland

Wales :

Wales

The Tri-colour:

The Tri-colour catholic Protestant

The Stars and Stripes the Star-Spangled Banner:

The Stars and Stripes the Star-Spangled Banner

The Maple Leaf:

The Maple Leaf

Australian national flag:

Australian national flag

New Zealand national flag:

New Zealand national flag

National anthems:

National anthems UK: God Save the Queen USA: The Star-Spangled Banner Canada: O Canada (in Eng. + Fr.) Ireland: Amhr á n na bhFiann ( The Soldier's Song ) (Irish) Australia: Advance Australia Fair New Zealand: God Defend New Zealand (Maori + Eng.)

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God save our gracious Queen,1 Long live our noble Queen, God save the Queen: Send her victorious, Happy and glorious, Long to reign over us: God save the Queen. O Lord, our God, arise, Scatter her enemies, And make them fall. Confound their politics, Frustrate their knavish tricks, On Thee our hopes we fix, God save us all. Thy choicest gifts in store, On her be pleased to pour; Long may she reign: May she defend our laws, And ever give us cause To sing with heart and voice God save the Queen .*

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O say, can you see, by the dawn's early light, What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming, Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight, O ’ er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming? And the rockets ’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there. O say, does that star spangled banner yet wave O ’ er the land of the free, and the home of the brave?

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Where the foe ’ s haughty host in dread silence reposes, What is that which the breeze, o ’ er the towering steep, As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses? Now it catches the gleam of the morning ’ s first beam, In full glory reflected now shines in the stream: ’ Tis the star-spangled banner! O long may it wave O ’ er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

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And where is that band who so vauntingly swore That the havoc of war and the battle ’ s confusion A home and a country should leave us no more? Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution. No refuge could save the hireling and slave From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the grave: And the star-spangled banner, in triumph doth wave O ’ er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

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O thus be it ever when freemen shall stand Between their loved homes and the war ’ s desolation! Blest with vict ’ ry and peace, may the Heav ’ n-rescued land Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation. Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just, And this be our motto: "In God is our Trust." And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave O ’ er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

Amhrán na bhFiann A Soldier's Song :

Amhr á n na bhFiann A Soldier's Song Soldiers are we Whose lives are pledged to Ireland Some have come From a land beyond the wave Sworn to be free No more our ancient sire land Shall shelter the despot or the slave Tonight we man the bearna baol In Erin ’ s cause, come woe or weal ’ Mid cannon ’ s roar and rifles ’ peal We ’ ll chant a soldier ’ s song

O, Canada!:

O, Canada! O Canada! Our home and native land! True patriot love in all thy sons command. With glowing hearts we see thee rise, The True North strong and free! From far and wide, O Canada, we stand on guard for thee. God keep our land glorious and free! O Canada, we stand on guard for thee. O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.

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Advance Australia Fair Australians all let us rejoice, For we are young and free; We've golden soil and wealth for toil; Our home is girt by sea; Our land abounds in nature's gifts Of beauty rich and rare; In history's page, let every stage Advance Australia Fair. In joyful strains then let us sing, Advance Australia Fair.

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Beneath our radiant Southern Cross We'll toil with hearts and hands; To make this Commonwealth of ours Renowned of all the lands; For those who've come across the seas We've boundless plains to share; With courage let us all combine To Advance Australia Fair. In joyful strains then let us sing, Advance Australia Fair.

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God of Nations at thy feet, In the bonds of love we meet; Hear our voices we entreat; God defend our free land; Guard Pacific ’ s triple star; From the shafts of strife and war; Make her praises heard afar God defend New Zealand. …

Early Settlement:

Early Settlement 3,000 BC: Iberians from Spain 2,000 BC: Beakers from Holland 700 BC: Germanic Celts 55 BC — 500 AD: Romans 500 AD: Anglo-Saxons 800 — 900 AD: Vikings and Danes 1066 AD: Norman French

William the Conqueror:

William the Conqueror (1066-1154) William I , (succeeded by William II, Henry I ) reorganized the feudal system, making all landholders swear greater loyalty to him rather than to their separate lords. He also ordered an exhaustive survey of the landed wealth in his realm. The written results, known as the Domesday Book, helped determine the revenues owed him by his subjects.

Plantagenet (Norman):

Plantagenet (Norman) (1154-1485) Nickname of Anjou dynasty, founded by Geoffrey IV, husband of Matilda, daughter of King Henry I of England. The kings, in the main line of descent, were Henry II, Richard I, John, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, Edward III, and Richard II ; through the house of Lancaster, Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI ; and through the house of York, Edward IV, Edward V, Richard III .

Tudor (Welsh):

Tudor (Welsh) The dynasty (1485-1603) founded by the Welsh nobleman Owen Tudor, who married Catherine of Valois, the widow of the English king Henry V. Their eldest son, Edmund Tudor, married Margaret Beaufort, a descendant of John of Gaunt, son of King Edward III. In 1485 Edmund and Margaret's son, Henry, killed Richard III of the house of York and became Henry VII , the first Tudor monarch succeeded by Henry VIII and his son and two daughters, Edward VI , Mary I , and Elizabeth I.

Stuart (Scottish):

Stuart (Scottish) (1603-1714) James I , who succeeded childless Queen Elizabeth, as the first Stuart king of England, was succeeded by Charles I , Charles II , James II, and Mary II. who first ruled with her husband, William III , until her death in 1694. William then ruled alone until 1702, succeeded by Queen Anne , the second daughter of James II.

Hanover (German):

Hanover (German) (1714-1901) Childless Queen Anne was succeeded by George I, then by George II, George III, George IV, childless William IV and Queen Victoria. Twentieth Century (German) (1901-) Edward VII, George V, Edward VIII, George VI, Queen Elizabeth II

U. K.: Historical Dates:

U. K.: Historical Dates 1536 , 1707 : the Kingdom of Great Britain 1801 : the United Kingdom was created 1833 : slavery abolished in the Empire 1911 : power of House of Lords reduced 1921 : the British kingdom was renamed 1945 : Labor Party made a welfare state 1979 : the first woman as prime minister 1997 : the Labor Party returned to power 1999 : Scotland, Wales:a level of self-rule

1. Why is Britain called a complicated country with a complicated name? 2. What are the effects of its imperial past? 3. When did it become a member of the European Union? 4. Why is it considered a multiracial society? 5. How remarkable are its class, regional and economic differences? 6. How significant is the role of London? :

1. Why is Britain called a complicated country with a complicated name? 2. What are the effects of its imperial past? 3. When did it become a member of the European Union? 4. Why is it considered a multiracial society? 5. How remarkable are its class, regional and economic differences? 6. How significant is the role of London? Unit 1. Profile of UK

7. The significant role of London 8. Cultural and economic dominance of England 9. Invasion from the Roman Empire 10. Settlement of the Anglo-Saxons 11. King Arthur 12. Vikings from Scandinavia 13. William the Conqueror 14. Parliament’s dominance over the throne 15. Physical features of Scotland 16. Cultural division between highland and lowland:

7. The significant role of London 8. Cultural and economic dominance of England 9. Invasion from the Roman Empire 10. Settlement of the Anglo-Saxons 11. King Arthur 12. Vikings from Scandinavia 13. William the Conqueror 14. Parliament ’ s dominance over the throne 15. Physical features of Scotland 16. Cultural division between highland and lowland

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1 7.How important is the battle of Bannockburn to the Scots? 18.Who is the national hero to bring about the 300-year independence of Scotland? 19.What happened to Scotland in 1707? 20.How is the strong Scottish identity shown? 21. Can you say something about Wales ? 22. Why is it said Wales has a history of invasions? 23. In what century was its unification with the UK completed?

Unit 2. Northern Ireland:

Unit 2. Northern Ireland 1.Can you tell about the population and physical features of Northern Ireland? 2.What is the Home Rule Bill? 3.What happened in Ireland in the Easter Rising of 1916? 4.What does the Sinn Fein Party aim at? 6.What caused the religious conflicts in Ireland historically?

7.What is the significance of partition of Ireland in 1921? 8.How was IRA’s violence in the 1970s? 9.What does Bloody Sunday symbolize? 10.What caused the collapse of the power- sharing in Northern Ireland? 11.How did the British and Irish govern- ments cooperate for a solution? 12.What is the Good Friday Agreement?:

7.What is the significance of partition of Ireland in 1921? 8.How was IRA ’ s violence in the 1970s? 9.What does Bloody Sunday symbolize? 10.What caused the collapse of the power- sharing in Northern Ireland? 11.How did the British and Irish govern- ments cooperate for a solution? 12.What is the Good Friday Agreement?

Unit 3. THE U. K. GOVERNMENT :

Unit 3. THE U. K. GOVERNMENT 1.Divine right of kings 2.The civil war 3.Magna Carta 4.The Great Council 5.The Bill of Rights of 1689 6.The Cabinet 7.The Prime Minister

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8.The Constitution 9.Parliament ’ s power and functions 10.The roles of the monarch 11.The House of Lords 12.Life peers 13.The House of Commons

Unit 4. POLITICS :

Unit 4. POLITICS 1.Importance of general elections 2.The formation of the government 3.Vote of no confidence 4.Procedure of general elections 5.The Conservative Party 6.The Labor Party 7.The Liberal Democrats

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8. Recent political trends in the UK 9.Margaret Thatcher 10.Tony Blair 11.Class system in the British society 12.The upper-middle-class and the lower middle-class 13.The hereditary aristocracy 14.Oxbridge 15.Ethnic relations in Britain

Unit 5. THE UK ECONOMY :

Unit 5. THE UK ECONOMY 1.Absolute decline and relative decline of British economy 2.Privatization in the 1980s 3.Main sectors of the UK economy 4.Primary industries 5.Secondary industries 6.Tertiary industries 7.Agriculture

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8. Energy production 9. Offshore oil industry 10.Manufacturing industry 11.The City of London 12.Aerospace industry

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Unit 6. BRITISH LITERATURE 1.Beowulf 2.The Canterbury Tales by Chaucer 3.Stories of King Arthur and his knights 4.William Shakespeare 5.John Milton 6.Romantic poets of the 19th century

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7.The Bronte sisters 8.Sir Walter Scott 9.Robert Louis Stevenson 10.Modernism 11.Postmodernism 12.Joseph Conrad 13.Virginia Woolf 14.D.H.Lawrence 15.E.M.Foster

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Unit 7. British Education Purpose of the education system Influence of the Church on schooling Education and social class The 1944 Education Act Comprehensive school Grammar school National Curriculum Public school GCSE, GCE-A, and GNVQs Old Universities The Open University

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Unit 8 Foreign Relations 1.Active in setting up the U.N. 2.Foreign policy influenced by its history and geopolitical traits 3.The involvement of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office 4.The Treasury 5.Permanent member of UN. SC

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6.Member of the European Union 7.Member of the Commonwealth 8.Special relationship with US 9.The Suez Crisis 10.The presence of US bases in UK 11.Its participation in NATO

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Unit 9 British Media 1.Popularity and functions 2.The quality press Observer Times Guardian Telegraph Financial Times 3.The tabloids 4.Television and radio 5.British Broadcasting Corporation 6.The Independent TV Commission

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Unit 10. SPORTS,HOLIDAYS,FESTIVALS 1.Football, the FA and the FA Cup 2.Tennis and Wimbledon 3.Cricket and Golf 4.Hunting and fishing 5.Horse racing 6.The Grand National 7.The Royal Ascot 8.Three traditions of Christmas 9.The Christmas Pantomime

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10.Boxing Day ’ s tradition 11.Easter and Ramadan 12.Trooping the color 13.Bonfire Night ’ s traditions 14.The Battle of the Boyne 15.Orange Marches 16.St. Patrick ’ s Day 17.Hogmanay in Scotland 18.Burns Night 19.Halloween ’ s traditions 20.The Eisteddfod in Wales

Unit 11 Irish land, people, history 1.Northern Ireland & the Republic of Ireland 2.unique geographic features of Ireland 3.natural environment 4.temperate climate 5.expansion of tourism 6.intensive farming 7.emigration :

Unit 11 Irish land, people, history 1.Northern Ireland & the Republic of Ireland 2.unique geographic features of Ireland 3.natural environment 4.temperate climate 5.expansion of tourism 6.intensive farming 7.emigration

8.Great Famine of 1845-48 9.a young country 10.the Celtic Tiger 11.English Colonization of Ireland 12.warrior culture and history 13.campaigns for Home Rule 14.Irish Independence in 1921:

8.Great Famine of 1845-48 9.a young country 10.the Celtic Tiger 11.English Colonization of Ireland 12.warrior culture and history 13.campaigns for Home Rule 14.Irish Independence in 1921

12 Politics and Economy 1.representative democracy 2.structure of Irish government 3.checks and balances 4.Civil service 5.Irish legal system 6.small, open, trade-dependent economy 7.economic transformation 8. accession to the EU as a watershed 9.social change 10.multinational culture 11.new prosperity 12.new inequalities:

12 Politics and Economy 1.representative democracy 2.structure of Irish government 3.checks and balances 4.Civil service 5.Irish legal system 6.small, open, trade-dependent economy 7.economic transformation 8. accession to the EU as a watershed 9.social change 10.multinational culture 11.new prosperity 12.new inequalities

Unit 13 The Irish life now 1.rapid social change 2.attitudes to the English 3.Irish identity 4.Roman Catholic values 5.Catholic-Protestant conflicts 6.extended family 7.women’s movement 8.pub culture 9.flexibility in work places 10.trade union 11.education and according investment:

Unit 13 The Irish life now 1.rapid social change 2.attitudes to the English 3.Irish identity 4.Roman Catholic values 5.Catholic-Protestant conflicts 6.extended family 7.women ’ s movement 8.pub culture 9.flexibility in work places 10.trade union 11.education and according investment

Unit 14 Language, literature, arts 1.Erse and the colonial policy 2.Hiberno-English 3.oral culture tradition 4.folk heritage 5.Riverdance 6.Nobel Prize winners for Literature 7.James Joyce 8.Irish music and dance 9.hurling and popular sports in Ireland 10.Irish identity in the world 11.science and technology:

Unit 14 Language, literature, arts 1.Erse and the colonial policy 2.Hiberno-English 3.oral culture tradition 4.folk heritage 5.Riverdance 6.Nobel Prize winners for Literature 7.James Joyce 8.Irish music and dance 9.hurling and popular sports in Ireland 10.Irish identity in the world 11.science and technology

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Unit 15 The Land and the people of the dreaming 1.the natural environment of Australia 2.distinctive features of the land 3.distinctive animals of the land 4.the indigenous peoples 5.Dreaming and Dreamtime 6.the concept of Terra Nullius 7.impact of colonization on the indigenous peoples 8.policies of segregation and assimilation

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Unit 16. Religion today 1.The dreaming 2.Protestantism and Capitalism 3.Anglicanism and its decline 4.Catholicism 5.Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism 6.Secularism 7.non-Christian religions in Australia 8.religion in a consumerist society 9.sport as a national religion

Unit 17 From penal colony to “Free migration” 1.beginning of the penal colony 2.women in the penal colony 3.convict laborers and workers 4.emancipists 5.from convict transportation to free migration 6.the basic problem of free migration 7.the Wakefield Scheme :

Unit 17 From penal colony to “ Free migration ” 1.beginning of the penal colony 2.women in the penal colony 3.convict laborers and workers 4.emancipists 5.from convict transportation to free migration 6.the basic problem of free migration 7.the Wakefield Scheme

Unit 18 A liberal Democratic Society 1.difference as the central value of the Australian society 2.the Washminster form of polity 3.three-tier system of government 4.two houses of Parliament 5.the Governor-General 6.political parties 7.advantages of the pluralist form of government 8.Australian government’s role in the national economy 9.interventionist government 10.economic rationalism:

Unit 18 A liberal Democratic Society 1.difference as the central value of the Australian society 2.the Washminster form of polity 3.three-tier system of government 4.two houses of Parliament 5.the Governor-General 6.political parties 7.advantages of the pluralist form of government 8.Australian government ’ s role in the national economy 9.interventionist government 10.economic rationalism

Unit 19 Bureaucratic power and Whistle-Blowers 1.the Elite Theory 2.expansion of the executive government 3.changes in bureaucratic power in Australian political economy 4.relationship between the ministers and heads of departments 5.the bureaucratic ascendancy 6.whistle-blowing and whistle-blowers 7.whistle-blowers and bureaucratic responses:

Unit 19 Bureaucratic power and Whistle-Blowers 1.the Elite Theory 2.expansion of the executive government 3.changes in bureaucratic power in Australian political economy 4.relationship between the ministers and heads of departments 5.the bureaucratic ascendancy 6.whistle-blowing and whistle-blowers 7.whistle-blowers and bureaucratic responses

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Unit 20. Racism to multiculturalsim 1.Ethnicity and immigration 2.White Australia Policy 3.Multiculturalism 4.Pauline Hanson and the One Nation Party 5.Migration to Australia today 6.Four stages of the settler-Aboriginal relations 7.The struggle for Land Rights for the Indigenous people 8.The Mabo decision 9.The Wik decision/ 10.The History Wars

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21 . New Zealand (1) 1.Geography North Island South Island 2.The Weather 3.Wildlife Unique flora and fauna 4.Environmental Issues Resource Management Act Ozone depletion

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5.Maori society 6.Maoritanga Traditions Legends about Maui Maori Society Ethnic Relations Maori Language 7.Pacific Island people 8.Race relations 9.History ; First settlers of the Island 10.Maori-Pakeha relationship

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22. New Zealand (2) 1. Parliament 2. Mixed Member Proportional Representation 3. The Cabinet 4. The Ombudsman 5. Primary Schools & Secondary Schools 6. Correspondence School 7. Universities & Polytechnics 8. Crops and Horticulture 9. Forests 10. Fisheries 11. Energy 12. Overseas Trade

23. AMERICAN BEGINNINGS 1.Discovery of America 2.Puritanism 3.The Pilgrim Fathers 4.The influence of Puritanism on American culture 5.The causes and major leaders of the American Revolution 6.The Declaration of Independence Q1, Q3:

23. AMERICAN BEGINNINGS 1.Discovery of America 2.Puritanism 3.The Pilgrim Fathers 4.The influence of Puritanism on American culture 5.The causes and major leaders of the American Revolution 6.The Declaration of Independence Q1 , Q3

24. U. S. POLITICAL SYSTEM 1.the Article of Confederation 2.the making of the US Constitution 3.the three branches of the federal government 4.checks and balances 5.the Bill of Rights 6.political parties Q1, Q3, Q5:

24. U. S. POLITICAL SYSTEM 1.the Article of Confederation 2.the making of the US Constitution 3.the three branches of the federal government 4.checks and balances 5.the Bill of Rights 6.political parties Q1 , Q3 , Q5

25. AMERICAN ECONOMY 1.Samuel Slater Q1, Q2, Q3 2.Eli Whitney 3.Industrial Revolution in America 4.Corporation 5.Service industries 6.Stock 7.The root of America’s affluence 8.Agribusiness 9.Migrant workers 10.The success and problems of American agriculture :

25. AMERICAN ECONOMY 1.Samuel Slater Q1 , Q2 , Q3 2.Eli Whitney 3.Industrial Revolution in America 4.Corporation 5.Service industries 6.Stock 7.The root of America’s affluence 8.Agribusiness 9.Migrant workers 10.The success and problems of American agriculture

26. RELIGION IN THE U. S. 1.American history and religious liberty 2.The US Constitution and religion 3.Protestants in the US 4.Catholic in the US 5.Three faiths in the US 6.Religious diversity 7.Characteristics of American religious beliefs Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4:

26. RELIGION IN THE U. S. 1.American history and religious liberty 2.The US Constitution and religion 3.Protestants in the US 4.Catholic in the US 5.Three faiths in the US 6.Religious diversity 7.Characteristics of American religious beliefs Q1 , Q2 , Q3 , Q4

27. AMERICAN LITERATURE 1.Writers of the post-Revolutionary period Washington Irving James Cooper 2.Transcendentalists Ralph Emerson Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4 Henry Thoreau 3.Nathaniel Hawthorne Herman Melville 4.New visions of American Walt Whitman:

27. AMERICAN LITERATURE 1.Writers of the post-Revolutionary period Washington Irving James Cooper 2. Transcendentalists Ralph Emerson Q1 , Q2 , Q3 , Q4 Henry Thoreau 3.Nathaniel Hawthorne Herman Melville 4.New visions of American Walt Whitman

27. AMERICAN LITERATURE 5.Mark Twin 6.Emily Dickinson 7. Naturalists: Stephen Crane Theodore Dreiser; Jack London 8.The modernists—imagism---in poetry T. S. Eliot; 9.The “Lost Generation” F. Scott Fitzgerald Ernest Hemingway 10.William Faulkner :

27. AMERICAN LITERATURE 5.Mark Twin 6.Emily Dickinson 7. Naturalists: Stephen Crane Theodore Dreiser; Jack London 8.The modernists—imagism---in poetry T. S. Eliot; 9.The “Lost Generation” F. Scott Fitzgerald Ernest Hemingway 10.William Faulkner

27. AMERICAN LITERATURE 11.The Harlem Renaissance 12.New Drama Eugene O’Neill 13.African-American writers 14.women writers:

27. AMERICAN LITERATURE 11.The Harlem Renaissance 12.New Drama Eugene O’Neill 13.African-American writers 14.women writers

28. EDUCATION IN U. S. 1.the goal of education 2.several levels of schooling 3.curricula for students 4.compulsory education for all children 5.equal education opportunities for minority groups :

28. EDUCATION IN U. S. 1.the goal of education 2.several levels of schooling 3.curricula for students 4.compulsory education for all children 5.equal education opportunities for minority groups

28. EDUCATION IN U. S. 6.a strong demand for higher education 7.the complex system of higher education 8.varieties of colleges and university 9.trends in degree programs 10.the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act 11.affirmative action programs 12.nontraditional students :

28. EDUCATION IN U. S. 6.a strong demand for higher education 7.the complex system of higher education 8.varieties of colleges and university 9.trends in degree programs 10.the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act 11.affirmative action programs 12.nontraditional students

29. SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN AMERICA 1.Greensboro “Sit-In” 2.The Civil Rights Movement 3.Martin Luther King, Jr. 4.The Anti-War Movement 5.Free Speech Movement 6.The Counter Culture 7.Women’s Liberation Movement:

29. SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN AMERICA 1.Greensboro “Sit-In” 2.The Civil Rights Movement 3.Martin Luther King, Jr. 4.The Anti-War Movement 5.Free Speech Movement 6.The Counter Culture 7.Women’s Liberation Movement

30. SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN AMERICA 1.racial problems 2.inequality in American society 3.discrimination against blacks 4.the black “underclass” 5.poverty as a social problem 6.drug abuse Q1:

30. SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN AMERICA 1.racial problems 2.inequality in American society 3.discrimination against blacks 4.the black “underclass” 5.poverty as a social problem 6.drug abuse Q1

30. SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN AMERICA 7.social costs of drug abuse 8.crime 9.the profile of a typical criminal 10.racial prejudice in the high rate of arrests 11.white-collar crime 12.the abuse of power by government 13.the abuse of power by corporations:

30. SOCIAL PROBLEMS IN AMERICA 7.social costs of drug abuse 8.crime 9.the profile of a typical criminal 10.racial prejudice in the high rate of arrests 11.white-collar crime 12.the abuse of power by government 13.the abuse of power by corporations

31. TECHNOLOGY IN AMERICA 1.Eli Whitney and mass production 2.John H Hall 3. the Stevens and transportation 4.Samuel F B More 5.The Pony Express System 6.Alexander Graham Bell 7.Thomas Alva Edison 8.Frederick Winslow Taylor:

31. TECHNOLOGY IN AMERICA 1.Eli Whitney and mass production 2.John H Hall 3. the Stevens and transportation 4.Samuel F B More 5.The Pony Express System 6.Alexander Graham Bell 7.Thomas Alva Edison 8.Frederick Winslow Taylor

31. TECHNOLOGY IN AMERICA 9.Henry Ford 10.the invention of the radio 11.the Age of Visual Information 12.household technologies 13.computer science 14.rocketry 15.Use of nuclear energy :

31. TECHNOLOGY IN AMERICA 9.Henry Ford 10.the invention of the radio 11.the Age of Visual Information 12.household technologies 13.computer science 14.rocketry 15.Use of nuclear energy

32. POST-WWII AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY 1.the beginning of the Cold War 2.Americo-Soviet Arms Race 3.the Truman Doctrine 4.the containment policy 5.the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 6.the Korean War & Sino-American relations 7.engagement and expansion 8.unilateralism 9.the Sept.11 terrorist attack & war on Iraq:

32. POST-WWII AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY 1.the beginning of the Cold War 2.Americo-Soviet Arms Race 3.the Truman Doctrine 4.the containment policy 5.the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 6.the Korean War & Sino-American relations 7.engagement and expansion 8.unilateralism 9.the Sept.11 terrorist attack & war on Iraq

33. SPORTS & SCENIC SPOTS 1.the American Football 2.baseball 3.Jackie Robinson 4.the World Series 5.basketball 6.James Naismith 7.NBA:

33. SPORTS & SCENIC SPOTS 1.the American Football 2.baseball 3.Jackie Robinson 4.the World Series 5.basketball 6.James Naismith 7.NBA

33. SPORTS & SCENIC SPOTS 8.the Grand Canyon 9.Yellowstone National Park 10.Disneyland 11.The National Monument 12.The Everglades 13.Niagara Falls:

33. SPORTS & SCENIC SPOTS 8.the Grand Canyon 9.Yellowstone National Park 10.Disneyland 11.The National Monument 12.The Everglades 13.Niagara Falls

34. EARLY AMERICAN JAZZ 1.jazz music 2.New Orleans jazz 3.Louis Armstrong 4.Ragtime music 5.Count Basie 6.Boogie Woogie:

34. EARLY AMERICAN JAZZ 1.jazz music 2.New Orleans jazz 3.Louis Armstrong 4.Ragtime music 5.Count Basie 6.Boogie Woogie

35. CANADA:COUNTRY & PEOPLE 1.the search for the Canadian identity 2.the regions of Canada 3.the Yukon & the Northwest Territories 4.British Columbia 5.the prairie provinces :

35. CANADA:COUNTRY & PEOPLE 1.the search for the Canadian identity 2.the regions of Canada 3.the Yukon & the Northwest Territories 4.British Columbia 5.the prairie provinces

35. CANADA:COUNTRY & PEOPLE 6.Central Canada—Ontario & Quebec 7.the Maritimes (the Atlantic regions) 8.The First Nations (the Aboriginal people) 9.European settlement in Canada 10.The Confederation 11.The origin of the word “Canada”:

35. CANADA:COUNTRY & PEOPLE 6.Central Canada—Ontario & Quebec 7.the Maritimes (the Atlantic regions) 8.The First Nations (the Aboriginal people) 9.European settlement in Canada 10.The Confederation 11.The origin of the word “Canada”

36. GOVERNMENT & POLITICS 1.Canada’s political system 2.A nation based on “peace, order and good government” 3.Tolerance of different values and customs 4.English-speaking Canada 5.French-speaking Canada :

36. GOVERNMENT & POLITICS 1.Canada’s political system 2.A nation based on “peace, order and good government” 3.Tolerance of different values and customs 4.English-speaking Canada 5.French-speaking Canada

36. GOVERNMENT & POLITICS 6.Canada’s system of government 7.The Governor General 8.The federal government 9.The House of Commons 10.The Senate:

36. GOVERNMENT & POLITICS 6.Canada’s system of government 7.The Governor General 8.The federal government 9.The House of Commons 10.The Senate

37. THE CANADIAN MOSAIC 1.the Canadian mosaic 2.multiculturalism 3.the First Nations 4.the Inuit 5.the Metis 6.immigration policy of Canada 7.Immigration Act 1976 8.Quebec and French Canadians :

37. THE CANADIAN MOSAIC 1.the Canadian mosaic 2.multiculturalism 3.the First Nations 4.the Inuit 5.the Metis 6.immigration policy of Canada 7.Immigration Act 1976 8.Quebec and French Canadians

38. THE CANADIAN ECONOMY 1.three factors influencing Canadian economy 2the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement 3.natural resources in Canada 4.agriculture in Canada 5.manufacturing industry in Canada 6.service industry in Canada :

38. THE CANADIAN ECONOMY 1.three factors influencing Canadian economy 2the Canada-US Free Trade Agreement 3.natural resources in Canada 4.agriculture in Canada 5.manufacturing industry in Canada 6.service industry in Canada

39. CANADIAN LITERATURE 1.the central idea of Canadian literature 2.Native Canadian mythology 3.Early colonial literature 4.The literature of nation-building 5.Ted Allen 6.Hugh Maclennan 7.Margaret Laurence 8.Margaret Atwood 9.Alice Munro 10.Michael Ondaatje:

39. CANADIAN LITERATURE 1.the central idea of Canadian literature 2.Native Canadian mythology 3.Early colonial literature 4.The literature of nation-building 5.Ted Allen 6.Hugh Maclennan 7.Margaret Laurence 8.Margaret Atwood 9.Alice Munro 10.Michael Ondaatje

40. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 1.Canada as a “middle power” in international affairs 2.Canada’s role in international organizations 3.The emergence of Canada as a full- fledged and sovereign state 4.Canada’s role in the Suez Crisis of 1956 5.Lester Pearson 6.“involuntary military guarantee” 7.Canada-US relations:

40. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 1.Canada as a “middle power” in international affairs 2.Canada’s role in international organizations 3.The emergence of Canada as a full- fledged and sovereign state 4.Canada’s role in the Suez Crisis of 1956 5.Lester Pearson 6.“involuntary military guarantee” 7.Canada-US relations

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