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The terracotta soldiers of the Emperor Qin are made of baked clay. The two words, ' terra' and 'cotta' come from the Latin language. Terra in Latin means earth, and is the same word that gives us the words 'terrain' and 'terrestrial' (of the earth). Cotta means cooked in Latin TERRA COTTA


DISCOVERY The Terracotta Army was discovered on 29 March 1974 to the east of Xi'an in Shaanxi. The terracotta soldiers were accidentally discovered when a group of local farmers was digging a well during a drought around 1.6 km (1 mile) east of the Qin Emperor's tomb around at Mount Li (Lishan), a region riddled with underground springs and watercourses.


AN UNDER GROUND EMPIRE The terra-cotta warriors were buried about a mile east of the tomb of China’s fi rst emperor, Qin Shihuangdi. Shihuangdi lived in the third century B.C. The location of his tomb, under a large mounted of earth that rises 250 feet (76 meters ) above the surrounding plains, has been known for centuries. But no one knew that a huge army lay hidden nearby.

What was it doing there?:

What was it doing there? Over two thousand years ago, China’s first emperor, Qin Shihuangdi, had thousands of life-size clay soldiers created to guard him in his tomb. Qin Shihuangdi had two goals in life. was to unite China. was to live forever. He believed that he could achieve his second goal and become immortal if he could just find a substance called the elixir of life. During his reign Shihuangdi made five journeys to sacred mountains in search of that magical potion.


THE ETERNAL CITY Work on the tomb complex began shortly after the First Emperor came to power and continued throughout his rule. More than 700,000 people labored on the project, but it was still not completed by the time the emperor died thirty-six years later. Shihuangdi’s underground city is the largest known tomb complex devoted to a single ruler. From the giant mound of earth that rises above the tomb itself, the city stretches for more than nine miles (fifteen kilometers) in all directions.


PITS There are four main pits associated with the terracotta army. These pits are located about 1.5 km east of the burial mound and are about 7 meters deep. The army is placed as if to protect the tomb from the east, where all the Qin Emperor's conquered states lay. Those three pits actually is real military formation which fully reflect profound military strategy in Qin Dynasty. Pit 1 and Pit 2 are the attacking troops with different function that obey Pit 3’s order as their headquarter.


PIT-1 Pit one, which is 230 meters long and 62 meters wide ,contains the main army of more than 6,000 figures. Pit one has 11 corridors. The central part of Pit 1 is the main force of army which has 36 columns warriors with 178 m (584 ft) long. Totally owns 50 battle chariots and 4000 infantries , they stood in a good order according to the military formation. Some warriors wore robes, some wore armors, all of this were according to their rank or army services.


PIT-2 Pit 2, is 96 m (315 ft) long and 84 m (276 ft) wide that consists of four units contain various types of troops, including cavalryman, archer, chariots and infantry , which display extremely according to the military formation. the eastern end of the pit with 60 archers surround the main force in standing position. The main force in the middle is comprised of 160 kneeling or squatting archers. It convinced that tell us how the standing archers and kneeling archers coordinated with each other when the enemies attack.


Pit-3 As the smallest pit, Pit 3, with high-ranking officers and a war chariot. the military figures are tall on the whole, with broad shoulders, erected chest and solemn look, showing their quality in diligence thinking and courageous ability all the more. It can divided into three parts – north, central and south. In the center, it is a battle chariot with four horses and four warriors. There are also 64 warriors with heavy armor standing in both north and south. a large arched hall with a steel frame was built above the pit in 1976. Covering an area of 19,136 square yards, the hall has provided the pit with good ventilation and daylight conditions. In addition, it is burglarproof and fireproof and has temperature and humidity monitoring systems .



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Approximately 40,000 bronze weapons have been unearthed from the terra-cotta pits These weapons were exquisitely made through the processes of modeling, molding, casting and finishing, The surface of some weapons were plated with chrome-saline oxide coating, which has protected the sharpness of the weapons, this made them look as shiny as new when they were unearthed. All these demonstrate that metallurgy of Qin ear reached a high level and the manufacture of weapons started to be standardized





Top 10 Interesting Facts Terracotta Warriors :

Top 10 Interesting Facts Terracotta Warriors experts currently place the entire number of soldiers at 8,000 – with 130 chariots, 530 horses and 150 cavalry horses helping to ward of any dangers in the afterlife. So far only just over 1,000 soldiers are on display at the emperor’s famous mausoleum , near the ancient capital of Xi’an, Shaanxi province. experts are keen to keep the vivid colors, found on all terracotta warriors thus far, intact. All previous soldiers have turned an oxidised grey when exposed to air. in the 2nd century BC – a full hundred years after the Emperor’s death – that over 700,000 men took 36 years to create his terracotta army.

Latest news of terracotta warriors :

Latest news of terracotta warriors Three years ago, known as “the world’s eighth wonder of the Terracotta Army Pit initiation of the third archaeological excavation, now a series of ground-breaking archaeological results also penetrate deep historical night light Xi’an. Xi’an city become more and more popular in the world. the Terracotta Warriors archaeological process has attracted worldwide attention. June 13, 2009 , in the silence of more than 20 years after Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum Museum began the third large-scale archaeological excavations.

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Though each terracotta warrior is unique, experts believe a set number of facial moulds were actually used, before workmen added clay to make each one distinct. Each limb and the head was created separately before being fixed to the torso. ‘The First Emperor: China’s Terracotta Army’ at London’s British Museum, held between September 2007 and April 2008, comprised 120 of the warriors and was the most successful event in the museum’s history. It even surpassed the feverish popularity of King Tut’s 1972 appearance.

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Qin Shi Huang was terrified of death – but allegedly died from taking too many mercury pills , which he thought would give him immortality The Emperor was extremely proud of his cavernous tomb. So proud, in fact, that he promptly murdered its creators to sustain a resounding enigma which endures to this day. Only recently have probes entered the giant subterranean complex, which contains high levels of mercury – appearing to confirm the above legend. You won’t just find terracotta warriors in the middle of China, or the world’s biggest museums. The living terracotta warrior, or Chi Chang to his friends, has been sent out onto the streets of Washington, DC ahead of the city’s National Geographic Museum’s terracotta warriors exhibition.

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