crop production and management

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crop production and management

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CROP PRODUCTION & MANAGEMENT:

CROP PRODUCTION & MANAGEMENT

CROP :

CROP THE SAME KIND OF PLANTS ARE GROWN ON PERTICULAR LAND IN LARGE SCALE IS KNOWN AS CROP.

AGRICULTURE PRACTICES (ACTIVITIES):

AGRICULTURE PRACTICES (ACTIVITIES) 1 :- PREPARATION OF SOIL 2 :- SOWING 3:- ADDING MANURE & FERTILISER 4 :- IRRIGATION 5:- PROTECTION FROM WEED 6:- HARVEST 7 :- STORAGE

PREPARATION OF SOIL:

THE PREPARATION OF SOIL IS FIRST STEP BEFORE GROWING CROP .IN THAT WE TURN THE SOIL & LOSSEN IT .IT ALLOWS THE ROOT TO PENETRATE DEEP INTO THE SOIL .THE LOSSEN SOIL ALLOWS THE ROOT TO BREATH EASILY EVEN WHEN THEY GO DEEP IN SOIL. PREPARATION OF SOIL

AGRICULTURE IMPLEMENTS:

AGRICULTURE IMPLEMENTS PLOUGH :-IT IS BIENG USED FOR TILLING THE SOIL ,ADDING FERTILISER TO THE CROP SCARPINGTHE SOIL etc . HOE :- IT IS USED FOR REMOVING THE WEED & LOOSENING THE SOIL . CULTIVATOR:- CULTIVATOR IS DRIVEN BY TRACTOR ,IT SAVES LABOUR&TIME .

SOWING:

SOWING IT IS MOST IMPORTANT PART IN CROP PRODUCTION .BEFORE SOWING,GOOD QUALITY SEEDS ARE SELECTED .THE TOOL USED TRADITONALLY FOR SOWING SEEDS IS SHAPED AS A FUNNEL .THE SEEDS ARE FILLED INTO THE FUNNEL WITH SHARP ENDS WHICH PIERCE THE SEED THERE . SEED DRILL:- IT SOWS THE SEED UNIFORMLY AT PROPER DISTANCE AND DEPTH . IT ENSURE’S THAT SEEDS GET COVERED WITH SOIL AFTER SOWING.

IRRIGATION :

IRRIGATION THE SUPPLY OF WATER ON DIFFERENT INTERVALS IS KNOWN AS IRRIGATION . SOURCE OF IRRIGATION :-LAKE ,POND RIVER ,WELL,TUBEWELL etc. TRADITIONAL METHOD OF IRRIGATION :- MOAT , DHEKLI , RAHAT,CHAIN PUMP . MODERN METHOD OF IRRIGATION :-SPRINKLER SYSTEM,DRIP IRRIGATION.

PROTECTION FROM WEED:

PROTECTION FROM WEED WEED :- IN FIELD MANY OTHER UNDESIRABLE PLANTS MAY GROW NATURALLY ALONG WITH CROP IS KNOWN AS WEED.WEEDS ARE ALSO CONTROLLED BY CERTAIN CHEMICALS ,CALLED WEEDICIDES LIKE 2,4-D.THESE ARE SPRAYED IN THE FIELDS TO KILL THE WEEDS .

HARVESTING:

HARVESTING THE CUTTING OF CROPS AFTER IT IS MANURED IS CALLED HARVESTING. THE GRAIN SEEDS NEED TO BE SEPARATED FROM THE CHAFF THIS PROCESS IS KNOWN AS THRESHING WHICH IS DONE BY THRESHING MACHINE .

THANK YOU MADE BY PAYAL.P. BULBULE :

THANK YOU MADE BY PAYAL.P. BULBULE

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