bhopal gas tragedy

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

this is simple presentation of bhopal gas tragedy. Highly graphics used in this presentation.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

Bhopal Gas Tragedy:

Bhopal Gas Tragedy 1

Amongst the worst Industrail Disasters of its time.:

Amongst the worst Industrail Disasters of its time. Occurrence: 3 rd December 1984. Place of occurrence: Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. Company: Union Carbide Corporation. Chemical: Methyl Isocyanate (27 tons) 2

Among the 500,000 people exposed to the gas, 20,000 have died till date and 120,000 continue to suffer devastating health effects as a result of their exposure.:

Among the 500,000 people exposed to the gas, 20,000 have died till date and 120,000 continue to suffer devastating health effects as a result of their exposure. 3

Bhopal Scenario:

Bhopal Scenario Union Carbide Corporation 4

Union Carbide Corporation:

Union Carbide Corporation Started in 1969 in bhopal Phosgene, Monomethlyamine, Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) and the pesticide Carbaryl, also known as Sevin. Taken over by DOW Chemicals in 2001. DOW refused Union Carbide’s Liabilities in Bhopal, India. 5

Toxic Materials in Soil and Water:

Toxic Materials in Soil and Water 6

Slide7:

Gas Vent Scrubber Gas Vent Scrubber Stack 7

Effects on Human Health:

Effects on Human Health Respiratory Disorders – Irritation to the lungs, causing coughing and/or shortness of breathing. Higher exposure caused build up of fluids ( pulmonary edema ). Caused Asthama. Cancer Hazard – Caused mutation (genetic changes). It caused cancer. Reproductive Hazard – Association between exposure to Methyl Isocyanate and miscarriages. It may damage the growing fetus.May also affect fertility in men and women. Traces of many toxins were found in the Brest Milk of mothers and were inturn transmitted to the recepient babies. 8

Animal Slaughter:

Animal Slaughter 9

Methyl Isocyanate Physical and Chemical Characteristics:

Methyl Isocyanate Physical and Chemical Characteristics Methyl Isocyanate (C 2 H 3 NO) Liquid form Volatile Colourless Strong, sharp odour Flash Point – -7 o C Molecular weight: 57.05 daltons Boiling point (760 mm Hg): 102ºF (39.1ºC) Freezing point: -49ºF Vapor pressure: 348 mm Hg at 68ºF (20ºC) Vapor density: 1.42 (air = 1.00) Water solubility: Reactive 6.7% at 68ºF (20ºC) Flammability: Highly flammable Flammable Range: 5.3% to 26% (concentration in air) 10

Reason for Citation:

Reason for Citation Methyl Isocyanate is on the Hazardous Substances List and is regulated by OSHA and cited by ACGIH, DOT, EPA and others. Is on the Special Health Hazard Substance List because it is flammable and reactive. 11

Emergency Information:

Emergency Information Hazard Rating NJDHSS NFPA Flammability Reactivity - - 3 2 Flammable and Reactive Poison Inhalation Hazard Do not use water Poisionous Gases are produced in fire Containers may explode in fire Hazard Rating Key: 0-minimal, 1-slight, 2-moderate, 3-serious, 4-severe 12

Slide13:

S.No Chemical Amount Use in factory Nature of original pollution 1 Methylene Chloride 100 MT Solvent Air 2 Methanol 50 MT Solvent Air 3 Ortho-idichlorobenzene 500 MT Solvent Air, Water, Soil 4 Carbon tetrachloride 500 MT Solvent Air 5 Chloroform 300 MT Solvent Air 6 Tri methylamine 50 MT Catalyst Air 7 Chloro benzyl chloride 10 MT Ingredient Air, Water, Soil 8 Mono chloro toluene 10 MT Ingredient Air, Water, Soil 9 Toluene 20 MT Ingredient Air, Water, Soil 10 Aldicarb 2 MT Product Air, Water, Soil 11 Carbaryl 50 MT Product Air, Water, Soil 12 Benzene Hexachloride 5 MT Ingredient Air, Water, Soil 13 Mercury 1 MT Water, Soil 14 Mono methyl amine 25 MT Ingredient Air 15 Chlorine 20 MT Ingredient Air 16 Phosgene 5 MT Ingredient Air 17 Hydro chloric acid 50 MT Ingredient Air, Soil 18 Chloro sulphonic acid 50 MT Ingredient Air, Soil 19 Alpha Naphthol * 50 MT Ingredient Air, Soil 20 Napthalin 50 MT Ingredient Air 21 Chemical waste Tar 50 MT Waste Water, Soil 22 Methyl Isocyanate 5 MT Ingredient Air, Water, Soil Chemicals Dumped by Union Carbide in Bhopal 13

Haphazard dumping of Hazardous Material:

Haphazard dumping of Hazardous Material 14

Toxic Materials in Soil and Water:

Toxic Materials in Soil and Water Benzene, oxybis 7, 890 Dichlorobenzenes 87,500 Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons 2,340 Phthalates 9,940 Trichlorobenzenes 9,410 Trimethyl Trianzintrione 24,470 1-Napthalenol 59,090 Units in parts per billion (ppb) Additionally, Dichlorobenzenes and Trichlorobenzenes were found in the soil and water samples. 15

Toxic Materials in Soil and Water:

Toxic Materials in Soil and Water Lead, Nickel, Copper, Chromium, Hexachlorocyclohexane and chlorobenzenes were found in soil samples. Mercury was found to be between 20,000 to 6,000,000 times the standard level in soil. 16

Compensation and Legal Aspects:

Compensation and Legal Aspects Compensation of $470 million ($500 per dead). Twenty years of passiveness. Case was reviewed and put up in American Court. DOW Refused Union Carbide’s Liabilities in Bhopal, India. 17

Slide18:

20,000 KILLED 120,000 SEVERELY AFFECTED …And you thought only weapons could cause Mass Destruction 18

authorStream Live Help