zechariah, revelation prophet, part 3


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Zechariah: Revelation Prophet Part 3:

Friendship Baptist church Pastor Brian Chilton Zechariah: Revelation Prophet Part 3

Question of the Week:

Question of the Week Question 38: What is the name of the woman who sits inside the basket in Zechariah’s sixth vision? Answer: The woman’s name is “Wickedness” (Zechariah 5:8) Question 39: Who will be playing in the streets of the Jerusalem of the future?

Tonight’s Outline:

Tonight’s Outline 6. The vision of the flying scroll (5:1-4) 7. The vision of the woman in the basket (5:5-11) 8 . The vision of the four chariots (6:1-8) C. The symbolic act concluding the vision (6:9-15) 1. The symbolic crowning (6:9-11) 2. The prophetic message (6:12-13) 3. The visible memorial (6:14) 4. The universal significance (6:15)

Sixth Vision: Vision of the Flying Scroll:

Sixth Vision: Vision of the Flying Scroll Zechariah 5 1 Then I turned and raised my eyes, and saw there a flying scroll. 2 And he said to me, "What do you see?" So I answered, "I see a flying scroll. Its length is twenty cubits and its width ten cubits." 3 Then he said to me, "This is the curse that goes out over the face of the whole earth: 'Every thief shall be expelled,' according to this side of the scroll; and, 'Every perjurer shall be expelled,' according to that side of it." 4 "I will send out the curse," says the LORD of hosts; "It shall enter the house of the thief And the house of the one who swears falsely by My name. It shall remain in the midst of his house And consume it, with its timber and stones."

Vision of the Flying Scroll (5:1-4):

Vision of the Flying Scroll (5:1-4) (1-2) The scroll is rolled up, but not sealed. As the scroll flies in the vision, it is unrolled for all to see. Note: The period known as the “Post-Exilic Period” was important. It was during this time that a revival broke forth and everyone was interested in what the Word of God said. It was during this time that the law (Torah) was gathered, studied, and combined with the Nevi’im (Prophets), and Ketuvim (Writings) and canonized to make what Jews know as the TaNaK and what Christians know as the Old Testament. The dimensions of the scroll were 30 feet long and 15 feet wide which were the same dimensions of the tabernacle. This would show that God’s word would be fulfilled in the rebuilding of the Temple and that His judgments would be fulfilled. (3) Some scrolls had writing only on one side. Other scrolls had writing on both sides. This scroll was one that had writing on both sides. Exodus and Deuteronomy contains blessings and curses; blessings for those who obey the law and curses for those who disobey the law. The main laws are wrapped around the Great Commandments that Jesus presented from the law and the main extended laws were the Ten Commandments which were an extension from the prime laws of love for God and love for neighbor. The Pharisees added 613 laws to keep the Ten. This scroll contained two curses. On one side, there was the curse against those who broke the 3 rd Commandment (swearing falsely). On the other side was a curse against those who broke the 8 th Commandment (stealing). Those who continually broke the commandments without repentance were banished from the land. (4) It refers to God’s curse. Those who continually broke the commandments and lived lives of disobedience without a repentant heart were therefore banished from the land. God’s curse ( hla alah ) means “divine sanctions taken against an unrepentant, disobedient person.” (Dictionary of Biblical Languages: Hebrew)

Interpretation of the Sixth Vision:

Interpretation of the Sixth Vision I think the main emphasis of this vision is to show the separation of the unrighteous and the righteous. In the New Jerusalem, all unrighteousness and wickedness will be banished. The blessings and curses going all the way back to the Torah shows the reality behind eternal places of bliss and banishment ( ie . Heaven and Hell).

Seventh Vision: Vision of a Woman in a Basket:

Seventh Vision: Vision of a Woman in a Basket Zechariah 5 5 Then the angel who talked with me came out and said to me, "Lift your eyes now, and see what this is that goes forth." 6 So I asked, "What is it?" And he said, "It is a basket that is going forth." He also said, "This is their resemblance throughout the earth: 7 "Here is a lead disc lifted up, and this is a woman sitting inside the basket"; 8 then he said, "This is Wickedness!" And he thrust her down into the basket, and threw the lead cover over its mouth. 9 Then I raised my eyes and looked, and there were two women, coming with the wind in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork, and they lifted up the basket between earth and heaven . 10 So I said to the angel who talked with me, "Where are they carrying the basket?" 11 And he said to me, "To build a house for it in the land of Shinar; when it is ready, the basket will be set there on its base ."

Seventh Vision: Vision of a Woman in a Basket (5:5-11):

Seventh Vision: Vision of a Woman in a Basket (5:5-11) (5-6) The seventh vision continues the thought of the sixth vision. The basket (literally “an ephah ”) was a measurement that measured from 5-10 gallons. The basket must have been enlarged for the purpose of the vision much like the scroll was enlarged. The basket represented the corporate evil of the nation as businesses mistreated individuals by using weighted scales. (7-8) The basket was covered with a lead lid. The weighty object was to secure the contents inside. The lid is removed and a woman appears. The woman’s name is “Wickedness.” It is interesting that “Wickedness” is identified as a woman because “Wickedness” is a feminine term in Hebrew. No ladies, Zechariah is not calling women wicked. It is more likely that God was using a play on words showing Zechariah this vision. Compare this to Revelation 17:3-5. (9) Verse nine shows two women…most likely angels (although some see them as demons)…although angels (or demons) do not have a gender…coming to gather the basket and take her away. (10-11) Zechariah asks the interpreting angel where the woman was being taken. The angel answers that she is being taken to Shinar. Shinar was an ancient name for the district of Babylon. Babylon represented hell as the removal of wickedness was to be permanent.

Interpretation of Seventh Vision:

Interpretation of Seventh Vision There is little to no doubt that God expresses the reality of two eternal realms (Heaven and Hell) throughout Scripture. In Deuteronomy, we learn about blessings and curses. Those who are faithful to God received blessings and those who were unrepentant and against God received curses. Zechariah shows that all wickedness would be permanently removed. Although there is a little interpretation used, it does not take a major interpretation to see that Zechariah shows the reality of Hell…a permanent place for all wickedness.

Eighth Vision: Vision of the Four Chariots:

Eighth Vision: Vision of the Four Chariots Zechariah 6 1 Then I turned and raised my eyes and looked, and behold, four chariots were coming from between two mountains, and the mountains were mountains of bronze. 2 With the first chariot were red horses, with the second chariot black horses, 3 with the third chariot white horses, and with the fourth chariot dappled horses-strong steeds. 4 Then I answered and said to the angel who talked with me, "What are these, my lord?" 5 And the angel answered and said to me, "These are four spirits of heaven, who go out from their station before the Lord of all the earth. 6 "The one with the black horses is going to the north country, the white are going after them, and the dappled are going toward the south country." 7 Then the strong steeds went out, eager to go, that they might walk to and fro throughout the earth. And He said, "Go, walk to and fro throughout the earth." So they walked to and fro throughout the earth. 8 And He called to me, and spoke to me, saying, "See, those who go toward the north country have given rest to My Spirit in the north country ."

Eighth Vision: Vision of the Four Chariots (6:1-8):

Eighth Vision: Vision of the Four Chariots (6:1-8) (1) Here we see the eighth and final vision given to Zechariah on this night. We see two big players in this verse. Four chariots (4=creation) and two bronze mountains (2=choice of blessing and curses). Bronze represents God’s righteous judgment. Some believe these mountains are Mt. Olivet and Mt. Zion with the Kidron Valley between the two. It was on Mt. Zion that Christ was crucified and resurrected and on Mt. Olivet that Christ ascended into glory. There is a reference here to the bronze serpent as found in Numbers 21:9. (2-3) As in Revelation 6:4, we are introduced to the 4 Horsemen of the Apocalypse. If these are war chariots, there would have been a crew of 2-3 men (one driver, one archer, and one defender who would have held a large shield for protection). The colors have significance. The red chariot represents war. The black chariot represents famine. The white chariot represents false religions in Revelation, but here the white chariot represents triumph and victory. If the chariots do represent false religions, it could mean that God allowed false religions to exist to test the faith of the faithful. The pale green horse (or dappled) represents death and disease.

Vision of the Four Chariots (cont’d):

Vision of the Four Chariots (cont’d) (4-6) Zechariah then asks the interpreter what these chariots represent. These are chariot that go forth from the throne of God. The black chariot travel north towards the area of nations that invaded Israel. The white chariot travel after them giving the indication that white in Zechariah indicates triumph and victory. The final white horseman in Revelation is Christ who brings victory, so the application works. The NIV translates this difficult passage as the chariot traveling west. If that is the translation, it could represent the worldwide victory of the gospel message. The dappled (pale green in Revelation, spotted here) chariot goes south. The enigma of the passage is the absence of the red chariot’s involvement. What does the red charioteer do? It could be that the red chariot follows along with the dappled chariot. Or, the lack of involvement from the red chariot may represent an age of peace. One can only speculate. (7-8) These chariots and especially the horses are extremely powerful. The term “ amos ” which is also a prophet’s name is defined as “physically robust and powerful.” These chariots bring judgment at the authority of God. This action gives God’s Spirit rest. This is an oddity because God is omnipotent and would not appear to need rest. Perhaps, God desired a break from delivering judgment and delegated this task to the horsemen.

Interpretation of the Vision of the Four Chariots:

Interpretation of the Vision of the Four Chariots I think the vision of the four chariots represents a very similar vision given to John the apostle in Revelation. The four spirits (or chariots) represents the end-time judgment that will come upon the earth. There will be wars, false religions, pestilence, famine, but in the end there will be victory found in God.

The Command to Crown Jeshua: The symbolic act concluding the vision (6:9-15):

The Command to Crown Jeshua : The symbolic act concluding the vision (6:9-15 ) Zechariah 6 9 Then the word of the LORD came to me, saying: 10 "Receive the gift from the captives-from Heldai , Tobijah , and Jedaiah , who have come from Babylon-and go the same day and enter the house of Josiah the son of Zephaniah. 11 "Take the silver and gold, make an elaborate crown, and set it on the head of Joshua the son of Jehozadak , the high priest. 12 "Then speak to him, saying, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, saying: " Behold, the Man whose name is the BRANCH! From His place He shall branch out, And He shall build the temple of the LORD; 13 Yes, He shall build the temple of the LORD. He shall bear the glory, And shall sit and rule on His throne; So He shall be a priest on His throne, And the counsel of peace shall be between them both."' 14 "Now the elaborate crown shall be for a memorial in the temple of the LORD for Helem , Tobijah , Jedaiah , and Hen the son of Zephaniah. 15 "Even those from afar shall come and build the temple of the LORD. Then you shall know that the LORD of hosts has sent Me to you. And this shall come to pass if you diligently obey the voice of the LORD your God ."

1. The symbolic crowning (6:9-11):

1. The symbolic crowning (6:9-11 ) The visions are over. Now we move on to the crowning of Jeshua which holds huge significance before moving to the intermediate stage between visions. Then the word of the Lord came to me indicates that the visions of February 15, 519 are over. It is uncertain when this message was given to Zechariah. Heldai , Tobijah , and Jedaiah were Jewish exiles who came from Babylon and brought gold and silver to help build the Temple. They met in the house of one Josiah the son of Zephaniah. Josiah the son of Zephaniah is given the nickname “Hen” in verse 14. “Hen” is not identified with a chicken. In Hebrew, “Hen” means “gracious one.” Apparently, this oracle came much later because the Temple may have been nearly completed. The gold and silver were to be used in making the crown for Jeshua .

2. The prophetic message (6:12-13):

2. The prophetic message (6:12-13 ) The BRANCH indicates that this coronation is symbolic and being overseen by the Messiah. Again, the Jeshua ( Yeshua ) is brought in the same company of the Messiah. This shows a significant impact of Jeshua’s office and name with the Messiah. The high priest Jeshua of Zechariah’s day was not the Messiah, but Yeshua (Jesus) of the first century would be the Messiah. The very fact that Jeshua of Zechariah’s day was coronated instead of Zerubbabel pointed to the fact that this coronation was symbolic and looked to the day when the Messiah would come. ( Zerubbabel , the governor, was a son of David, Jeshua was not.)

The prophetic message (cont’d):

The prophetic message (cont’d) The Messiah would do the following: Build the temple of the LORD (the temple does not refer to the earthly temple, rather to a new establishment of God’s relationship with people) He shall bear the glory (Messiah will bear the glory of God) He…shall sit and rule on His throne (Messiah will have ultimate authority…showing divinity.) He shall be a priest on His throne (Messiah will be the only mediator between the Father and humanity .) Counsel of peace be between them both (Messiah would be an agent of peace while harmonizing the offices of priest and king. Messiah is a priest-king in the order of Melchizedek.)

3. The visible memorial (6:14):

3. The visible memorial (6:14 ) To further show the significance of the symbolism of this coronation, they would remove the crown from Jeshua and place the crown in the Temple in anticipation of the Messiah… Yeshua . This was also a tribute to the faithfulness of Helem , Tobijah , Jedaiah , and Hen (Josiah) the son of Zephaniah.

4. The universal significance (6:15):

4. The universal significance (6:15) This new temple…the temple that Messiah would build and not the earthly temple…would receive help from people all over the world. If you are a Gentile, a Christian (“Messianic”), and are reading this, YOU ARE GOD’S FULFILLMENT OF THIS PROPHECY!!!!! The only other thing left to say is what God told Zechariah, Then you shall know that the LORD of hosts has sent Me to you.


Conclusion One is left with two lessons in this study. One: God will eventually bring judgment to the entire world. This world will not continue forever. God will bring it to an end. Two: God has shown grace and mercy to all people by the fulfillment of Messiah Yeshua (Christ Jesus). One is left wondering with the clarity of this Messianic prophecy how anyone could not see the fulfillment in Jesus. Oh what a Savior!!!

Next Week::

Next Week: We will review the intermediate messages separating the visions of the present (1-6) and the oracles of the near future (7-11), followed by the oracles of the distant future (12-14). We will examine the following: Message of Rebuke (7:1-7) Message of Repentance (7:8-14) Message of Restoration (8:1-17) Message of Rejoicing (8:18-23)

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