zechariah, revelation prophet, part 2

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Zechariah: The Revelation Prophet Part 2:

Friendship Baptist Church Pastor Brian Chilton Zechariah: The Revelation Prophet Part 2

Question of the Week:

Question of the Week Question 37: What is the Servant who is sent forth called? Answer: The BRANCH (Zechariah 3:8) Question 38: What is the name of the woman who sits inside the basket in Zechariah’s seventh vision?

Tonight’s Outline:

Tonight’s Outline 4. Fourth Vision: The vision of the cleansing and crowning of Joshua (chap. 3) 5. Fifth Vision: The vision of the gold lampstand and the two olive trees (chap. 4)

4. Fourth Vision: The vision of the cleansing and crowning of Joshua (chap. 3):

4. Fourth Vision: The vision of the cleansing and crowning of Joshua (chap. 3 ) 1 Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the Angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to oppose him. 2 And the LORD said to Satan, "The LORD rebuke you, Satan! The LORD who has chosen Jerusalem rebuke you! Is this not a brand plucked from the fire?" 3 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and was standing before the Angel. 4 Then He answered and spoke to those who stood before Him, saying, "Take away the filthy garments from him." And to him He said, "See, I have removed your iniquity from you, and I will clothe you with rich robes." 5 And I said, "Let them put a clean turban on his head." So they put a clean turban on his head, and they put the clothes on him. And the Angel of the LORD stood by. 6 Then the Angel of the LORD admonished Joshua, saying, 7 "Thus says the LORD of hosts: 'If you will walk in My ways, And if you will keep My command, Then you shall also judge My house, And likewise have charge of My courts; I will give you places to walk Among these who stand here. 8 'Hear, O Joshua, the high priest, You and your companions who sit before you, For they are a wondrous sign; For behold, I am bringing forth My Servant the BRANCH. 9 For behold, the stone That I have laid before Joshua: Upon the stone are seven eyes. Behold, I will engrave its inscription,' Says the LORD of hosts, 'And I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day. 10 In that day,' says the LORD of hosts, 'Everyone will invite his neighbor Under his vine and under his fig tree.'" (NKJV)

4. Fourth Vision: The vision of the cleansing and crowning of Joshua (chap. 3):

4. Fourth Vision: The vision of the cleansing and crowning of Joshua (chap. 3) Symbolic Action (1-5) (1-2) Joshua is the same as Jeshua in Ezra and Nehemiah. “ Jeshua the son of Jozakak rose up and began to build the house of God which is in Jerusalem; and the prophets of God were with them, helping them.” (Ezra 5:2). In this vision, Zechariah is brought into the heavenly courtroom. In order to understand this, we must remember that the Angel of the LORD is most likely the pre-incarnate Messiah. The players of this prophecy are: God…the judge and jury Jeshua …the accused priest The Angel of the LORD…the defense attorney Satan…the prosecutor (this is one of the few areas of the Old Testament where Satan (literally… njf Satan…adversary) is identified.

Fourth Vision (cont’d):

Fourth Vision (cont’d) (3-5) Jeshua was the high priest, however he was clothed with excrement stained clothing. The literal Hebrew reading is “befouled with excrement.” This would be foul for anyone of any generation. The priest had become defiled. This was atrocious according to the law. “And you shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty.” (Exodus 28:2). The position of the Angel of the LORD and the fact that the Angel is speaking for the LORD shows the Divinity of His Being. The filthy clothes represent the sin of the nation . The Angel tells Jeshua to remove the filthy garments and to place new garments on. It may be that Jeshua lost his office for a while, but was given it back in verse 5. There is no doubt that this refers to the cleansing of Jeshua and the whole nation. Jeshua did nothing to earn this cleansing, it was done solely by God with the Angel standing by.

Fourth Vision (cont’d):

Fourth Vision (cont’d) Significant Communication (6-10) (6-7 ) The Angel speaks to Jeshua and tells him to walk in the ways of God. If Jeshua and Israel (could even refer to Spiritual Israel ( ie . The Church)) obey God and live lives of obedience, then God promised them 3 things: They would govern the house of God. They would have charge God’s courts. And, they would have free access to God. This was ultimately fulfilled in Jesus Christ and in His church. (8-10 ) There are several symbols used in this passage of Scripture. BRANCH: One of the favorite terms for the Messiah used in the Old Testament is the “ tsemach ” (the Branch). Isaiah used this term also for the Messiah. It depicts a vine or branch of a tree extended from the root to society. The menorah is a symbol of this branch. The seven-candled lampstand mentioned in prophecy is most-likely the menorah. STONE: The stone represents a jeweled ephod. An ephod is a sleeveless garment that the high priest wore. On this ephod, there were jewels engraved in the garment along with the names of the 12 Tribes of Israel. The stone represents the Messiah. Jesus is the cornerstone, but also the rock of offense and a stumbling stone. SEVEN EYES: Remember, the number seven represents completion and perfection. It is a divine number representing God. Therefore, the seven eyes represent the all-seeing eyes of God. VINE AND FIG TREE: Both the vine and fig tree speak of peace that would be in the land from the Messianic blessings to come.

High Priest’s Garments:

High Priest’s Garments Fig. 7 High Priestly Garments (1 ) Turban; ( 2) Ephod; ( 3) Robe of Ephod ; ( 4) Coat; ( 5) Sash; ( 6) Breastplate Old Testament Survey Series: Pentateuch James E. Smith, The Pentateuch, 2nd ed. (Joplin, Mo.: College Press Pub. Co., 1993), Ex 39:131.

High Priest’s Garments:

High Priest’s Garments A colored version of the priest’s garments may have looked similar to this. It would have held more jewels and had more pizazz than this photo. Blue and purple would have been the primary colors of the garment.

Proposed Chart with Birth Stones related to Priest’s Breastplate Stones (from http://www.johnpratt.com/items/docs/lds/meridian/2005/12stones.html):

Proposed Chart with Birth Stones related to Priest’s Breastplate Stones (from http:// www.johnpratt.com/items/docs/lds/meridian/2005/12stones.html) Hebrew Foundation Color Zodiac Tribe 1. Odem Sard Red Lion Judah 2. Pitdah Topaz Tan Crab Issachar 3. Bareqeth Chrysoprase Yellow Green Ram Zebulon 4. Nophek Jacinth Red Black Scorpion Dan 5. Sappiyr Chalcedony Light Blue Maiden Naphtali 6. Yahalom Jasper Orange Archer Gad 7. Leshem Lapis Lazuli Royal Blue Water Bearer Reuben 8. Shebuw Emerald Quartz Green Sea Goat Simeon 9. Aclamah Amethyst Purple Fishes Levi 10. Tarshish Chrysolite Yellow Scales Asher 11. Shoham Beryl White Bull Joseph 12. Jashepheh Sardonyx Red & White Twins Benjamin

Interpretation of the Fourth Vision:

Interpretation of the Fourth Vision This vision is the Gospel before the Gospel. The Angel of the LORD takes away the sin of Jeshua . The Devil stands as the accuser, but has no power as God Himself removes the sin of the priest. This vision has enormous ramifications. The priest’s name is Jeshua (in Hebrew this is [ wvy “ Yeshua ” or in Greek ihsou ς “ Iesous ”…which is translated as “Jesus”). The Angel would come down and take the name Jeshua to take upon Himself the sins of the world. The Angel would be the “ Tsemach ” (The Branch). Through this vision, God gave everyone THE NAME OF THE MESSIAH!!!!

5. Fifth Vision: The vision of the gold lampstand and the two olive trees (chap. 4):

5. Fifth Vision: The vision of the gold lampstand and the two olive trees (chap. 4 ) 1 Now the angel who talked with me came back and wakened me, as a man who is wakened out of his sleep. 2 And he said to me, "What do you see?" So I said, "I am looking, and there is a lampstand of solid gold with a bowl on top of it, and on the stand seven lamps with seven pipes to the seven lamps. 3 "Two olive trees are by it, one at the right of the bowl and the other at its left." 4 So I answered and spoke to the angel who talked with me, saying, "What are these, my lord?" 5 Then the angel who talked with me answered and said to me, "Do you not know what these are?" And I said, "No, my lord." 6 So he answered and said to me: "This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel : 'Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,' Says the LORD of hosts. 7 'Who are you, O great mountain? Before Zerubbabel you shall become a plain! And he shall bring forth the capstone With shouts of "Grace, grace to it!"'" 8 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying: 9 "The hands of Zerubbabel Have laid the foundation of this temple; His hands shall also finish it. Then you will know That the LORD of hosts has sent Me to you. 10 For who has despised the day of small things? For these seven rejoice to see The plumb line in the hand of Zerubbabel . They are the eyes of the LORD, Which scan to and fro throughout the whole earth." 11 Then I answered and said to him, "What are these two olive trees-at the right of the lampstand and at its left?" 12 And I further answered and said to him, "What are these two olive branches that drip into the receptacles of the two gold pipes from which the golden oil drains?" 13 Then he answered me and said, "Do you not know what these are?" And I said, "No, my lord." 14 So he said, "These are the two anointed ones, who stand beside the Lord of the whole earth." (NKJV)

Fifth Vision: The Vision of the Gold Lampstand and the Two Olive Trees:

Fifth Vision: The Vision of the Gold Lampstand and the Two Olive Trees Description of the Vision (4:1-4) (1) Apparently, Zechariah fell asleep between the fourth and fifth visions. Remember, these visions happened at night. It may have been that the fourth vision was so astonishing that Zechariah fell asleep with great peace and joy. (2) The structure of the candlestick mentioned in verse two is a matter of controversy. It could be a menorah with seven candles in each branch. Note the emphasis of the number seven… Seven lamps and seven pipes . Oil is a symbol of God’s Holy Spirit. Therefore, it seems to be that the lampstand represents God’s abundant blessings upon the people. (3) The two olive trees represent the two primary offices of priest ( Jeshua ) and king ( Zerubbabel ). (4) Zechariah then asks what these things represent.

Fifth Vision (cont’d):

Fifth Vision (cont’d) Significance of Zerubabbel ( 4:5-10) (5-6) The rebuilding of the Temple and the establishment of the New Covenant would not be by human force or strength, but by the power of the Holy Spirit. The oil in the lampstand is further understood as being an ample supply of Spiritual force. (7) Rebuilding the Temple seemed to be like a great mountain hindering the children of God. However, with God, mountains become molehills, oceans become puddles, and light years become seconds. (8-10a) This vision was given in 519 BC. The completion of the Temple happened three years afterwards in 516BC. The completion of the Temple served as proof in God’s prophecy and in God’s promises. In verse 10, the seven represents the eyes of the Lord which scan to and fro throughout the whole earth.

Fifth Vision (cont’d):

Fifth Vision (cont’d) Interpretation of the 2 Olive Trees (4:11-14 ) The vision of the lampstand and olive trees are further explained. The two olive trees provide the oil for the candle. The two trees represent the two anointed ones. The obvious interpretation of the two would be Jeshua (priest) and Zerubbabel (king). HOWEVER, THERE IS SOMETHING MORE!!! The two trees provide the oil for the stand. The stand represents the blessings of God given to Israel. Jeshua (priest) and Zerubabbel (king) could not do this. Therefore, this is a symbol that Jesus (or Jeshua ) the Messiah would be both priest and king over all creation. The two positions would be combined into one. Some also see the two as representative of the two future witnesses in the tribulation (see Revelation 11:3-6).

Conclusion::

Conclusion: God showed all of His children that He was coming to pay everyone a visit. God was going to redeem humanity through the shed blood of His Messiah. Liberty and redemption would be found in the ultimate Priest-King…our Lord Jesus Christ. God even gave everyone the name of the Messiah “ Yeshua ” or as we know Him… “Jesus.”

Next Week: Zechariah Part 3 (Chapters 5-6):

Next Week: Zechariah Part 3 (Chapters 5-6) Sixth Vision: Vision of the Flying Scroll Seventh Vision: Vision of the Woman in a Basket Eighth Vision: Vision of the Four Chariots Plus, the Crowning of Jeshua

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