hosea, married prophet, part 2


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Hosea: Married Prophet Part 2:

Hosea: Married Prophet Part 2 Friendship Baptist Church Rev. Brian Chilton

Question of the week::

Question of the week: Question 32: Who did Ephraim (KJV/NASB), or Israel (some translations), turn to when they saw their sickness and Judah “saw his wound”? Answer: Assyria! (Hosea 5:13) Question 33: Who was Jesus eating dinner with when He quoted Hosea 6:6?

Tonight’s Outline::

Tonight’s Outline: III. Hosea’s Message: God’s Judgment and Restoration of Israel (chaps. 4-14) A. The Lord’s case against Israel (4:1-6:3) 1. Israel’s guilt exposed (chap. 4) 2. Israel’s judgment announced (5:1-14) 3. Israel’s restoration envisioned ( 5:15-6:3) (Outlines come from Bible Knowledge Commentary)

Introduction to 3rd Section:

Introduction to 3 rd Section Hosea will begin to speak upon the judgment of God coming to Israel. Everything is not hopeless in Hosea, because the prophet will also speak of the restoration that will come to Israel. This segment consists of the largest portion of Scripture in the book.

1. Israel’s guilt exposed (chap. 4) :

1. Israel’s guilt exposed (chap. 4) 1 Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land. 2 By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood. 3 Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven; yea, the fishes of the sea also shall be taken away. 4 Yet let no man strive, nor reprove another: for thy people are as they that strive with the priest. 5 Therefore shalt thou fall in the day, and the prophet also shall fall with thee in the night, and I will destroy thy mother. 6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children. 7 As they were increased, so they sinned against me: therefore will I change their glory into shame. 8 They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity. 9 And there shall be, like people, like priest: and I will punish them for their ways, and reward them their doings . (KJV) 1 Listen to the word of the LORD, O sons of Israel, For the LORD has a case against the inhabitants of the land, Because there is no faithfulness or kindness Or knowledge of God in the land. 2 There is swearing, deception, murder, stealing and adultery. They employ violence, so that bloodshed follows bloodshed. 3 Therefore the land mourns, And everyone who lives in it languishes Along with the beasts of the field and the birds of the sky, And also the fish of the sea disappear. 4 Yet let no one find fault, and let none offer reproof; For your people are like those who contend with the priest. 5 So you will stumble by day, And the prophet also will stumble with you by night; And I will destroy your mother. 6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge. Because you have rejected knowledge, I also will reject you from being My priest. Since you have forgotten the law of your God, I also will forget your children. 7 The more they multiplied, the more they sinned against Me; I will change their glory into shame. 8 They feed on the sin of My people And direct their desire toward their iniquity. 9 And it will be, like people, like priest; So I will punish them for their ways And repay them for their deeds . (NASB)

Chapter 4 (continued):

Chapter 4 (continued) 10 For they shall eat, and not have enough: they shall commit whoredom, and shall not increase: because they have left off to take heed to the LORD. 11 Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart. 12 My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused them to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God. 13 They sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains, and burn incense upon the hills, under oaks and poplars and elms, because the shadow thereof is good: therefore your daughters shall commit whoredom, and your spouses shall commit adultery. 14 I will not punish your daughters when they commit whoredom, nor your spouses when they commit adultery: for themselves are separated with whores, and they sacrifice with harlots: therefore the people that doth not understand shall fall. 15 Though thou, Israel, play the harlot, yet let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto Gilgal , neither go ye up to Bethaven , nor swear, The LORD liveth . 16 For Israel slideth back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place. 17 Ephraim is joined to idols: let him alone. 18 Their drink is sour: they have committed whoredom continually: her rulers with shame do love, Give ye. 19 The wind hath bound her up in her wings, and they shall be ashamed because of their sacrifices. (KJV) 10 They will eat, but not have enough; They will play the harlot, but not increase, Because they have stopped giving heed to the LORD. 11 Harlotry, wine and new wine take away the understanding. 12 My people consult their wooden idol, and their diviner's wand informs them; For a spirit of harlotry has led them astray, And they have played the harlot, departing from their God. 13 They offer sacrifices on the tops of the mountains And burn incense on the hills, Under oak, poplar and terebinth , Because their shade is pleasant. Therefore your daughters play the harlot And your brides commit adultery. 14 I will not punish your daughters when they play the harlot Or your brides when they commit adultery, For the men themselves go apart with harlots And offer sacrifices with temple prostitutes; So the people without understanding are ruined. 15 Though you, Israel, play the harlot, Do not let Judah become guilty; Also do not go to Gilgal , Or go up to Beth- aven And take the oath: "As the LORD lives!" 16 Since Israel is stubborn Like a stubborn heifer, Can the LORD now pasture them Like a lamb in a large field? 17 Ephraim is joined to idols; Let him alone. 18 Their liquor gone, They play the harlot continually; Their rulers dearly love shame. 19 The wind wraps them in its wings, And they will be ashamed because of their sacrifices. (NAS95)

Breaking the covenant (4:1-3):

Breaking the covenant (4:1-3) (4:1-2) Hosea was bringing a charge from God to the Israelite people. The literal text says, “the LORD has a case against the inhabitants of the land.” Then, Hosea lists out how the inhabitants have broken, or lived outside of, the covenant. 1. Swearing ( אָלָה uttering a curse or an oath in the name of God) 2. Dishonesty ( כָּחַשׁ literally “be thin” it represents someone who loses weight to claim they are sick in order to get money) 3. Murder ( רָצַח premeditated killing) 4. Theft ( kng take items without permission) 5. Adultery ( pan to have sexual relations with anyone other than a spouse…this can also refer to spiritual adultery ( ie . Idolatry) (4:3) God’s judgment will affect everyone and everything on earth.

The guilt of the priests (4:4-11a):

The guilt of the priests (4:4-11a) (4:4) Hosea begins to get specific. He concentrates on the guilt of the priests and gives charges against those who are religious. Everyone wanted to blame someone else for the problem, when in fact they were all guilty. (4:5a) The priests showed more emphasis on their nation and king than God. Many of the true priests and prophets were replaced by others who were unqualified. Most of the true priests and prophets had left for Judah. (Similarity with Essenes in Jesus’ day.) (4:5b-6) “Mother” referred to Israel. The priests had not been faithful in teaching God’s word. They were protectors of the truth and they had not done so. They ignored God so God would ignore them and their descendants. (4:7) The more teachers they received, the worse things became. False teachings promote more false teaching. Doctrine then becomes about feeling rather than truth. It doesn’t matter what you think an oak tree is because it is still an oak tree at the end of the day. You may wish it was a maple, a pine, or a spruce, but it is still a mighty oak…immovable.

The guilt of the priests (cont’d):

The guilt of the priests (cont’d) (4:8 ) The priests promoted wrongful sacrifices to the Lord. They would take bribes and began to feed on the poor and helpless. Religion becomes defiled when bad leaders lose focus on God and seek material gain. Ex. Benny Hinn purchased a jet that cost $36 million dollars and costs $600,000/year to maintain. Is that necessary for ministry? Ministry Watch has placed Hinn and Rod Parsley on the “shady donors” list called “donor alerts.” (4:9-10a ) “Like people, like priests” shows that there was no difference between those in ministry and those living in the world. Can people see a difference in our lives? (4:10b-11a ) The priests appetite for evil was never satisfied.

Ministry watch’s “donor alert” list:

Ministry watch’s “donor alert” list African Children Welfare Foundation, LA, CA (F) Amazing Facts, Roseville, CA (F) Benny Hinn Ministries, Irving, TX (F) Bible Broadcasting Netword , Charlotte, NC (F) Breakthrough with Rod Parsley, Columbus, OH, (F) Children’s Survival Fund, Columbus, OH (F) Christian Children’s Fund, Richmond, VA (A) Cleflo Dollar Minisitries , College Park, GA (F) Crystal Cathedral, Garden Grove, CA (F) East Gates International, Sumner, WA (F) Other notable watches include: John Hagee , Kenneth Copeland, Kenneth Hagin . From: http:// ministrywatch.com/ministries/ministryarticles.aspx?type=alert Note: An “F” may mean that the ministry did not openly share information and had practices that were shady. “A” means that the fund is open, but had a few things that brought concerns.

Ministry watch’s “shining lights” (reliable):

Ministry watch’s “shining lights” (reliable) Among the most notable include: AWANA, Streamwood, IL AnGel Ministries/ Anne Graham Lotz , Raleigh, NC Ankerberg Theological Research Institute, Chattanooga, TN Answers in Genesis/ Ken Hamm, Hebron, KY Bible Study Fellowship, San Antonio, TX Campus Crusade for Christ, Orlando, FL Care Net, Lansdowne, VA Compassion International, Colorado Springs, CO Family Research Council, Washington DC Feed the Hungry, Inc., Phoenix, AZ Gideons International, Nashville, TN Living Waters International, Houston, TX Ravi Zacharias International Ministries, Norcross, GA Stand to Reason/ Greg Koukl , Signal Hill, CA Truth for Life/ Alistair Begg , Solon, OH Wycliffe Bible Translators, Orlando, FL Prison Fellowship Ministries/ Chuck Colson, Leesburg, VA Navigators, Colorado Springs, CO Joni and Friends/ Joni Eareckson Tada, Agoura Hills, CA Jews for Jesus, San Francisco, CA JAARS, Waxhaw, NC Information from: http:// ministrywatch.com/ministries/ministryarticles.aspx?type=light

The guilt of the people (4:11b-19):

The guilt of the people (4:11b-19) (4:11b-14) Hosea addressed idolatry as people continued to worship foreign gods such as Ba’al . People were becoming so drunk that they lost understanding of what was good and holy. People would worship false gods under oak trees and on mountaintops and other secluded areas. Prostitution was part of these practices. (4:15) Hosea pleads with Judah to not fall into the trap that had ensnared Israel. Hosea uses a clever play on words. Nwa tyB (Beth- aven “House of Wickedness”) was used instead of the real name la tyB (Beth-el “House of God”). An area that was designated to worship God had become a house of deceit. (4:16) Oh, you’ve gotta love Hosea. He calls Israel a “stubborn cow.” Since Israel has become a stubborn cow, God was going to put them out to graze. (4:17-18) Ephraim was the most influential tribe of the Northern Kingdom, yet they had served as a bad influence upon Israel. They influenced Israel to worship foreign gods and to become intoxicated on a regular basis. (4:19) The image in verse 19 seems to be that of a tornado or a whirlwind. The purpose of wrapping Ephraim in her wings will be for that of destruction.

2. Israel’s judgment announced (5:1-14) :

2. Israel’s judgment announced (5:1-14) 1 Hear ye this, O priests; and hearken, ye house of Israel; and give ye ear, O house of the king; for judgment is toward you, because ye have been a snare on Mizpah , and a net spread upon Tabor. 2 And the revolters are profound to make slaughter, though I have been a rebuker of them all. 3 I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me: for now, O Ephraim, thou committest whoredom, and Israel is defiled. 4 They will not frame their doings to turn unto their God: for the spirit of whoredoms is in the midst of them, and they have not known the LORD. 5 And the pride of Israel doth testify to his face: therefore shall Israel and Ephraim fall in their iniquity; Judah also shall fall with them. 6 They shall go with their flocks and with their herds to seek the LORD; but they shall not find him; he hath withdrawn himself from them. 7 They have dealt treacherously against the LORD: for they have begotten strange children: now shall a month devour them with their portions. 8 Blow ye the cornet in Gibeah , and the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud at Bethaven , after thee, O Benjamin. 9 Ephraim shall be desolate in the day of rebuke: among the tribes of Israel have I made known that which shall surely be. 10 The princes of Judah were like them that remove the bound: therefore I will pour out my wrath upon them like water. 11 Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, because he willingly walked after the commandment. 12 Therefore will I be unto Ephraim as a moth, and to the house of Judah as rottenness. 13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb : yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of your wound. 14 For I will be unto Ephraim as a lion, and as a young lion to the house of Judah: I, even I, will tear and go away; I will take away, and none shall rescue him. (KJV) 1 Hear this, O priests! Give heed, O house of Israel! Listen, O house of the king! For the judgment applies to you, For you have been a snare at Mizpah And a net spread out on Tabor. 2 The revolters have gone deep in depravity, But I will chastise all of them. 3 I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hidden from Me; For now, O Ephraim, you have played the harlot, Israel has defiled itself. 4 Their deeds will not allow them To return to their God. For a spirit of harlotry is within them, And they do not know the LORD. 5 Moreover, the pride of Israel testifies against him, And Israel and Ephraim stumble in their iniquity; Judah also has stumbled with them. 6 They will go with their flocks and herds To seek the LORD, but they will not find Him; He has withdrawn from them. 7 They have dealt treacherously against the LORD, For they have borne illegitimate children. Now the new moon will devour them with their land. 8 Blow the horn in Gibeah , The trumpet in Ramah. Sound an alarm at Beth- aven : "Behind you, Benjamin!" 9 Ephraim will become a desolation in the day of rebuke; Among the tribes of Israel I declare what is sure. 10 The princes of Judah have become like those who move a boundary; On them I will pour out My wrath like water. 11 Ephraim is oppressed, crushed in judgment, Because he was determined to follow man's command. 12 Therefore I am like a moth to Ephraim And like rottenness to the house of Judah. 13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, And Judah his wound, Then Ephraim went to Assyria And sent to King Jareb . But he is unable to heal you, Or to cure you of your wound. 14 For I will be like a lion to Ephraim And like a young lion to the house of Judah. I, even I, will tear to pieces and go away, I will carry away, and there will be none to deliver. (NAS95)

Israel’s Judgment announced:

Israel’s Judgment announced (5:1-2) Hosea calls out three groups of people (the priests, the citizens, and the royal family). It is everyone’s responsibility as people of the Covenant to live righteous lives. When we fall, we should not condemn, but lift up and help bring repentance. Interesting that “ mispat ” means “judgment” and “ Mizpah ” is a city. The people of Mizpah had brought “ mispat ” (judgment) upon themselves. The people of Tabor may have thought that the grand mountain (Mt. Tabor) would protect them. No mountain is strong and tall enough to stop God. (5:3-5) I wonder if this section of Hosea’s prophesy came later in his ministry. Because Hosea calls Judah out and warns them not to fall according to Israel’s ways. However, here we see that Judah did just that. The “ mispat ” that would be brought to Israel would be brought to Judah. (5:6) What a completely awful concept! Israel, Ephraim, Judah would seek the Lord, but at that time God had already left them. Revelation 9:6 shows what will happen in the end times when God leaves the people. And in those days men will seek death and will not find it; they will long to die, and death flees from them. (Rev. 9:6, NASB) (5:7) What you do now affects future generations!!! The unfaithfulness of the people would cause their children to become alien children, foreigners in a distant land. (5:8-9) The ram’s horn signaled alarms much like a tornado warning alarm today. Benjamin (one of the Southern tribes along with Judah) needed to be prepared and keep their loved ones from falling into Ephraim’s sin. The literal rendering of the verse is “Ephraim is stricken with horror on a day of chastisement” ( Howshea 5:9, Jewish-English TaNaK ).

Judgment announced (cont’d):

Judgment announced (cont’d) (5:10 ) Moving a boundary was a serious offense. ‘Cursed is he who moves his neighbor’s boundary mark.’ And all the people shall say, ‘Amen.’ (Deuteronomy 27:17, NASB). Therefore, the royal family had become cursed but not for moving physical boundaries, but for moving spiritual boundaries. ( 5:11 ) You can not, can not, CAN NOT live life to please people. This is what put Ephraim in the trouble it was in. Please God and not man. (5:12 ) As a moth eats clothing and as the process of rotting decays flesh, God would be the catalyst bringing about destruction. “If God be for us, who can be against us?” (Romans 8:31). However, if God is against you, who can be for you? (5:13 ) Ephraim went to Assyria for help (their sworn enemy) instead of going to God!!! What could Assyria do against God? Nothing. They sent tributes to the foreign king for help. Would the king be able to stand before the King of kings? No. (5:14 ) Like an attacking lion, God would carry Ephraim to complete destruction unless there was repentance. Lack of repentance damages relationships, damages other individuals due to the depravity of human nature, and negatively affects future generations.

3. Israel’s restoration envisioned (5:15-6:3) :

3. Israel’s restoration envisioned ( 5:15-6:3) Hosea 5 15 I will go and return to my place, till they acknowledge their offence, and seek my face: in their affliction they will seek me early. Hosea 6 1 Come, and let us return unto the LORD: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. 2 After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. 3 Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth. (KJV) Hosea 5 15 I will go away and return to My place Until they acknowledge their guilt and seek My face; In their affliction they will earnestly seek Me. Hosea 6 1 "Come, let us return to the LORD. For He has torn us, but He will heal us; He has wounded us, but He will bandage us. 2 "He will revive us after two days; He will raise us up on the third day, That we may live before Him. 3 "So let us know, let us press on to know the LORD. His going forth is as certain as the dawn; And He will come to us like the rain, Like the spring rain watering the earth .” (NAS95)

Israel’s restoration and Christ’s resurrection:

Israel’s restoration and Christ’s resurrection (5:15) God would bring an end to judgment. He in His sovereign grace knew the outcome already. However, He would still give the nation a chance to right their wrongs and return to Him. Unfortunately, history tells us that the Northern Kingdom did not. They were utterly destroyed. Their heritage lost. God left them to their own ways which led to destruction. The Southern Kingdom would eventually come back, thankfully. (6:1) Even though God brought judgment ( mispat ), repentance would bring about the grace of God. God would heal ( רָפָא rapa ) and restore them. He will bandage them ( חָבַשׁ habas ) which is much like an embrace or to wrap around something like a saddle around a horse. (6:2) Oh this verse is prophetic. Is there irony in that God would revive them on the third day? Revive ( חָיָה “ chayah ”) is the same term used in Ezekiel 37:5 meaning resurrection. I believe this passage refers to God’s resurrection of Israel to faith. However, I also believe it is prophetic to the literal resurrection of Jesus Christ. His resurrection brought about restoration and brought life to all who believe in Him. (6:3) The people would need to “press on” in obtaining the knowledge of the Lord. They would need to press on in their repentance and press on in the faith.


Israel had been unfaithful to God. Unfaithfulness breeds unfaithfulness. What we do today will effect others, even future generations. Although God must bring judgment because of his “justness,” God is always willing to bring grace when someone turns to Him. The purpose behind all of this is to restore the person ultimately through the resurrection of Jesus Christ. God will restore all of creation to a mode of perfection. Will you be part of the restoration process of God or will you be the razing process of God? If God is for you, no one can be against you. But if God is against you, no one can be for you. Conclusion:

Next week: part 3 of Hosea:

Next week: part 3 of Hosea Chapters 6:4-8:14 The Lord’s Case Against Israel (Part 1)

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