malachi, messiah of peace prophet, part 1

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Malachi: The Messiah of peace prophet:

Malachi: The Messiah of peace prophet Friendship Baptist Church Rev. Brian Chilton PART ONE

Question of the Week:

Question of the Week Question 28: What does Malachi say a person does when a person holds back their tithes and offerings ? Answer: The person “robs God.” (Malachi 3:8) Question 29: Finish this statement: “Return unto me, and I will _______ ____ ______, saith the Lord of hosts.”

Malachi: Introduction:

Malachi: Introduction Author: Little is known about Malachi. The name itself is somewhat confusing. “Malachi” (Heb. “Mal” “ aki ”) literally means “My messenger.” Some have argued that this is a title and not a name. If this is the case, Ezra or Zechariah are the most likely candidates as being the authors of the book. However, the style of writing is dissimilar to either Ezra or Zechariah. Actually, Malachi’s writing style is different from any other prophet in the Old Testament. Therefore, the burden of proof leads us to believe that Malachi was a prophet and the author of the prophecy. Date: Written from 450-430 BC. Malachi was the last universally recognized prophet until John the Baptist. Theme: God’s covenant with His people. The coming Messiah and His forerunner. People’s faithfulness to God’s covenant.

Historical Timeline:

Historical Timeline Assyria takes over Israel (740 BC) Babylon takes over Assyria (612 BC) Babylon invades Judah, Babylonian Exile begins (586 BC ) Persia takes over Babylon (539 BC) Persia allows Jews to return to Jerusalem (538 BC) Temple rebuilt (516 BC) Macedonians (Greeks) invade Persia (334 BC by Alexander the Great…Battles between Macedonians and Judeans recounted in the Apocrypha…for a while the Judeans defeated the Macedonians under the leadership of the Maccabee brothers) Hasmonean Dynasty in Israel, led by Maccabee brothers ( Romans invade Macedonians (around 168 BC) Romans invade Israel (setting up the time of Christ—Romans had some form of an alliance with the Maccabee brothers and invaded Israel in 63 BC)

Malachi: Outline:

Malachi: Outline I. Introduction: The Burden of Malachi (1:1) II. First Oracle: Respond to God’s Love (1:2-5) A. The claim of God’s love for Israel (1:2a) B. Israel’s question of the claim (1:2b) C. The vindication of God’s claim (1:2c-5) 1. The election of Israel over Edom (1:2c-3a) 2. The judgment of Edom (1:3b-5) III. Second Oracle: Honor God (1:6-2:9) A. The charge of disrespect (1:6a) B. Israel’s question of the charge (1:6b) C. The proof of God’s charge: Contemptible sacrifices (1:7-14) D. A warning to the priests (2:1-9) 1. The warning stated (2:1-4) 2. The standard for priests (2:5-9) IV. Third Oracle: Be Faithful as God’s Covenant People (2:10-16) A. The charge of unfaithfulness (2:10) B. The first evidence: Illegal intermarriage (2:11-12) 1. The sin (2:11) 2. The consequence (2:12) C. The second evidence: Divorce (2:13-16a) 1. The consequence (2:13) 2. The sin (2:14-16a) D. The charge to faithfulness (2:16b) V. Fourth Oracle: Hope in God (2:17-3:6) A. The charge of wearisome speech (2:17a) B. Israel’s question of the charge (2:17b) C. The proof of the charge: No hope for God’s justice (2:17c) D. The warning by God (3:1-5) 1. The coming of the messenger in preparation (3:1a) 2. The coming of the Lord in judgment (3:1b-5) E. The basis for hope in God (3:6) VI. Fifth Oracle: Obey God (3:7-12) A. The charge of disobedience (3:7a) B. Israel’s question of the charge (3:7b) C. The specification of the charge: Robbery (3:8a) D. Israel’s repeated question of the charge (3:8b) E. The proof of the charge (3:8c-9) 1. The sin: Failure to give tithes and offerings (3:8c) 2. The curse (3:9) F. The promise of blessing (3:10-12) VII. Sixth Oracle: Fear God (3:13-4:3) A. The charge of blasphemy (3:13a) B. Israel’s question of the charge (3:13b) C. The proof of the charge: The endorsement of evil (3:14-15) D. The response of the believing remnant (3:16) E. The warning and promise of God (3:17-4:3) VIII. Conclusion: Be Prepared for God’s Coming (4:4-6) A. The present preparation (4:4) B. The future preparation (4:5-6) John F. Walvoord , Roy B. Zuck and Dallas Theological Seminary, vol. 1, The Bible Knowledge Commentary : An Exposition of the Scriptures (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1983-), 1574-75.

Tonight’s Outline:

Tonight’s Outline I. Introduction: The Burden of Malachi (1:1) II. First Oracle: Respond to God’s Love (1:2-5) A. The claim of God’s love for Israel (1:2a) B. Israel’s question of the claim (1:2b) C. The vindication of God’s claim (1:2c-5) 1. The election of Israel over Edom (1:2c-3a) 2. The judgment of Edom (1:3b-5) III. Second Oracle: Honor God (1:6-2:9) A. The charge of disrespect (1:6a) B. Israel’s question of the charge (1:6b) C. The proof of God’s charge: Contemptible sacrifices (1:7-14) D. A warning to the priests (2:1-9) 1. The warning stated (2:1-4) 2. The standard for priests (2:5-9)

I. Introduction: The Burden of Malachi (1:1) :

I. Introduction: The Burden of Malachi (1:1) 1 The burden of the word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi. (KJV) 1 The oracle of the word of the LORD to Israel through Malachi. (NAS95) (1:1) Malachi shows the burden he has been given. “Massa” is the Hebrew word used for “burden.” “Word of the LORD” shows that Malachi was receiving these oracles from God Himself.

II. First Oracle: Respond to God’s Love (1:2-5) :

II. First Oracle: Respond to God’s Love (1:2-5) 2 I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother? saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob, 3 And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness. 4 Whereas Edom saith , We are impoverished, but we will return and build the desolate places; thus saith the LORD of hosts, They shall build, but I will throw down; and they shall call them, The border of wickedness, and, The people against whom the LORD hath indignation for ever. 5 And your eyes shall see, and ye shall say, The LORD will be magnified from the border of Israel. (KJV) 2 "I have loved you," says the LORD. But you say, "How have You loved us?" "Was not Esau Jacob's brother?" declares the LORD. "Yet I have loved Jacob; 3 but I have hated Esau, and I have made his mountains a desolation and appointed his inheritance for the jackals of the wilderness." 4 Though Edom says, "We have been beaten down, but we will return and build up the ruins"; thus says the LORD of hosts, "They may build, but I will tear down; and men will call them the wicked territory, and the people toward whom the LORD is indignant forever." 5 Your eyes will see this and you will say, "The LORD be magnified beyond the border of Israel!" (NAS95)

A. The claim of God’s love for Israel (1:2a) :

A. The claim of God’s love for Israel (1:2a) God shows His love for Israel. Isaiah 43:4 “ Since you are precious in My sight, Since you are honored and I clove you, I will give other men in your place and other peoples in exchange for your life .” The people may have thought that God had left them. They had anticipated the Messiah once the Temple had been rebuilt, but He had not come yet. God still loved them and cared for them.

B. Israel’s question of the claim (1:2b) :

B. Israel’s question of the claim (1:2b) The people wanted to know, “How have you loved us?” The kingdom had not been established even though almost 100 years had past. The Messiah had not yet come. Was God unfaithful to His promise? This caused the people to mistrust the Lord, causing doubts and serious concerns.

C. The vindication of God’s claim (1:2c-5) :

C. The vindication of God’s claim (1:2c-5) 1. The election of Israel over Edom (1:2c-3a ) Some view these verses to support Calvinist doctrine of election. St. Augustine in “City of God” points to the fact that both free will and predestination are in effect with God, as God foreknows decisions before they are made. “ For the religious mind chooses both, foreknowledge as well as liberty; it acknowledges both, and supports both in pious faith…God knows all things before they happen and that we do by our free will everything that we feel and know would not happen without our volition” (St. Augustine, “City of God, Bk V, Chapter 9,” 191-192). Regardless, God does show that He loves Israel, the descendants of Jacob. 2 . The judgment of Edom (1:3b-5 ) God shows that He chose Jacob over Esau. God chose Jacob partly because he wanted the birth-rite and Esau didn’t. However, one can not deny the sovereignty of God in the matter.

III. Second Oracle: Honor God (1:6-2:9) :

III. Second Oracle: Honor God (1:6-2:9) 6 A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour ? and if I be a master, where is my fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name? 7 Ye offer polluted bread upon mine altar; and ye say, Wherein have we polluted thee? In that ye say, The table of the LORD is contemptible. 8 And if ye offer the blind for sacrifice, is it not evil? and if ye offer the lame and sick, is it not evil? offer it now unto thy governor; will he be pleased with thee, or accept thy person? saith the LORD of hosts. 9 And now, I pray you, beseech God that he will be gracious unto us: this hath been by your means: will he regard your persons? saith the LORD of hosts. 10 Who is there even among you that would shut the doors for nought ? neither do ye kindle fire on mine altar for nought . I have no pleasure in you, saith the LORD of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand. 11 For from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name shall be great among the heathen, saith the LORD of hosts. 12 But ye have profaned it, in that ye say, The table of the LORD is polluted; and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is contemptible. 13 Ye said also, Behold, what a weariness is it! and ye have snuffed at it, saith the LORD of hosts; and ye brought that which was torn, and the lame, and the sick; thus ye brought an offering: should I accept this of your hand? saith the LORD. 14 But cursed be the deceiver, which hath in his flock a male, and voweth , and sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing: for I am a great King, saith the LORD of hosts, and my name is dreadful among the heathen. 6 "'A son honors his father, and a servant his master. Then if I am a father, where is My honor? And if I am a master, where is My respect?' says the LORD of hosts to you, O priests who despise My name. But you say, 'How have we despised Your name?' 7 "You are presenting defiled food upon My altar. But you say, 'How have we defiled You?' In that you say, 'The table of the LORD is to be despised.' 8 "But when you present the blind for sacrifice, is it not evil? And when you present the lame and sick, is it not evil? Why not offer it to your governor? Would he be pleased with you? Or would he receive you kindly?" says the LORD of hosts. 9 "But now will you not entreat God's favor, that He may be gracious to us? With such an offering on your part, will He receive any of you kindly?" says the LORD of hosts. 10 "Oh that there were one among you who would shut the gates, that you might not uselessly kindle fire on My altar! I am not pleased with you," says the LORD of hosts, "nor will I accept an offering from you. 11 "For from the rising of the sun even to its setting, My name will be great among the nations, and in every place incense is going to be offered to My name, and a grain offering that is pure; for My name will be great among the nations," says the LORD of hosts. 12 "But you are profaning it, in that you say, 'The table of the Lord is defiled, and as for its fruit, its food is to be despised.' 13 "You also say, 'My, how tiresome it is!' And you disdainfully sniff at it," says the LORD of hosts, "and you bring what was taken by robbery and what is lame or sick; so you bring the offering! Should I receive that from your hand?" says the LORD. 14 "But cursed be the swindler who has a male in his flock and vows it, but sacrifices a blemished animal to the Lord, for I am a great King," says the LORD of hosts, "and My name is feared among the nations."

Second Oracle (continued):

Second Oracle (continued) 1 And now, O ye priests, this commandment is for you. 2 If ye will not hear, and if ye will not lay it to heart, to give glory unto my name, saith the LORD of hosts, I will even send a curse upon you, and I will curse your blessings: yea, I have cursed them already, because ye do not lay it to heart. 3 Behold, I will corrupt your seed, and spread dung upon your faces, even the dung of your solemn feasts; and one shall take you away with it. 4 And ye shall know that I have sent this commandment unto you, that my covenant might be with Levi, saith the LORD of hosts. 5 My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him for the fear wherewith he feared me, and was afraid before my name. 6 The law of truth was in his mouth, and iniquity was not found in his lips: he walked with me in peace and equity, and did turn many away from iniquity. 7 For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts. 8 But ye are departed out of the way; ye have caused many to stumble at the law; ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, saith the LORD of hosts. 9 Therefore have I also made you contemptible and base before all the people, according as ye have not kept my ways, but have been partial in the law. (KJV) 1 "And now this commandment is for you, O priests. 2 "If you do not listen, and if you do not take it to heart to give honor to My name," says the LORD of hosts, "then I will send the curse upon you and I will curse your blessings; and indeed, I have cursed them already, because you are not taking it to heart. 3 "Behold, I am going to rebuke your offspring, and I will spread refuse on your faces, the refuse of your feasts; and you will be taken away with it. 4 "Then you will know that I have sent this commandment to you, that My covenant may continue with Levi," says the LORD of hosts. 5 "My covenant with him was one of life and peace, and I gave them to him as an object of reverence; so he revered Me and stood in awe of My name. 6 "True instruction was in his mouth and unrighteousness was not found on his lips; he walked with Me in peace and uprightness, and he turned many back from iniquity. 7 "For the lips of a priest should preserve knowledge, and men should seek instruction from his mouth; for he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts. 8 "But as for you, you have turned aside from the way; you have caused many to stumble by the instruction; you have corrupted the covenant of Levi," says the LORD of hosts. 9 "So I also have made you despised and abased before all the people, just as you are not keeping My ways but are showing partiality in the instruction. (NAS95)

A. The charge of disrespect (1:6a) :

A. The charge of disrespect (1:6a) Recalling the fifth commandment, God shows the order in society. A child is supposed to respect and obey his/her parents. A worker is supposed to obey his/her employer. God is over us and is our Creator, how much more should we obey Him? God shows that His children SHOULD obey Him.

B. Israel’s question of the charge (1:6b) :

B. Israel’s question of the charge (1:6b) Malachi pointed to the priests and said that they had despised God’s name. The priests wanted to know how.

C. The proof of God’s charge: Contemptible sacrifices (1:7-14) :

C. The proof of God’s charge: Contemptible sacrifices (1:7-14) (7) Malachi responded that the priests treated the Lord’s table with contempt. The priests had used the altar as a means of cooking their food instead of sacrificing to the Lord. (8-10) Instead of bringing their best to the Lord, they brought the worst animals in the flock. They brought blind and lame animals instead of the best and strongest. How could they ask God’s blessing bringing God their worst? This was an insult to God. Do we bring our very best to God, or do we give Him second best? Does God have the blue ribbon in our lives, or the red or yellow ribbon? (11) “From the rising of the sun till the setting” may refer to eternity. Other nations would worship the Lord the way He deserved to be worshipped. Either they would get with the program or God would use someone else. (12-13) The law called for the priests’ portion to be boiled and only roasted on Passover. They, by sniffing, were roasting all of their portions and not giving God the very best. Worship had become a bore and they simply were going through the motions. They were supposed to protect the law, now they were breaking it. (14) The priests were not obeying the law. God, in effect, may use others instead. By disobeying the Lord, we may miss a blessing intended for us and it may, very well, go to another.

D. A warning to the priests (2:1-9) :

D. A warning to the priests ( 2:1-9) 1. The warning stated (2:1-4 ) The priests had consistently disobeyed God. Now, they would receive the curses of God instead of blessings. Curses are the exact opposite of blessings. Those without Christ are said to be accursed (John 3:17). 2 . The standard for priests (2:5-9 ) (4-6) The Levites were chosen to be the priests of God. Much like those called into the ministry, however it was a family lineage. God’s covenant was one of peace, as is the Messianic covenant. Peaceful living, reverence, right doctrine, and righteousness were all attributes these priests should have had. They did not exhibit these qualities. (7-8) The priests were the protectors of orthodoxy. However, they were turning to false doctrines and false beliefs. Also, they were guilty of not taking a stand when they should have. They were committing sins of omission as well as sins of commission. (9) They showed contempt for God, so God would bring about curses upon them. The priests showed partiality by keeping some areas of the law and disobeying other areas.

Next Week: Oracles 3 and 4 (Malachi 2:10-3:6):

Next Week: Oracles 3 and 4 (Malachi 2:10-3:6) Third Oracle: The Faithfulness of the People Fourth Oracle: The Messianic Hope from God

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