adjective clauses

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Adjective Clauses : 

Adjective Clauses Explanation and Practice

What is an Adjective? : 

What is an Adjective? An Adjective describes a noun. Remember, a noun is: a person, place, thing, or idea Which words are adjectives? beautiful excited drive careless wisely old Which words are adjectives? beautiful excited drive careless wisely old

What is an Adjective Clause? : 

What is an Adjective Clause? An Adjective clause is a dependent clause (subject and verb) that describes a noun. An Adjective clause takes 2 sentences about the same noun and puts them into 1 sentence. Examples: Freeway 5 is a long highway. This highway goes from San Diego to San Francisco. Freeway 5 is a long highway that goes from San Diego to San Francisco. Examples: The postcard has a beautiful view of Paris. I received the postcard yesterday. The postcard that I received yesterday has a beautiful view of Paris.

Relative Pronouns that IntroduceAdjective Clauses : 

Examples: (the noun being described is in RED below.) The man who lives next to me is nice. I bought a cell phone that has many features. 3. The mechanic that you recommended is great. 4. We have a friend whose parents live in China. Relative Pronouns that IntroduceAdjective Clauses People : Who or That Things or Animals: That or Which (*more formal) Possessive: Whose

Subject-pattern Adjective Clause : 

Example: The man who lives next to me is nice. Adjective Clause = who lives next to me *WHO is the subject of the adjective clause Subject-pattern Adjective Clause In this type, the adjective clause consists of: Who That Which + a verb *in this pattern, the pronoun (who, that, which) is the SUBJECT of the adjective clause

More examples ofsubject-pattern adjective clauses : 

1.The student who usually sits behind me is smart. 2. I want to buy a camera that costs less than $200. 3. The saleswoman who helped me was very patient. More examples ofsubject-pattern adjective clauses Adjective clause = who usually sits behind me who = the subject of adj. clause Adjective clause = that costs less than $200 that = the subject of adj. clause Adjective clause = who helped me who = the subject of adj. clause

Object-pattern Adjective Clause : 

Example: The dress that you wore yesterday was pretty. Adjective Clause = that you wore yesterday *THAT is the object of the adjective clause *YOU is the subject of the adjective clause Object-pattern Adjective Clause In this type, the adjective clause consists of: That / Which + a verb *in this pattern, the pronoun (that, which) is the OBJECT of the adjective clause *Also: the relative pronoun (that, which) is optional in this type of pattern a noun or pronoun +

More examples ofobject-pattern adjective clauses : 

1.The grocery store that I go to is cheap. 2. I couldn’t read the message that you wrote. 3. The necklace that you bought is gorgeous. More examples ofobject-pattern adjective clauses Adjective clause = that I go to I = the subject of adj. clause Adjective clause = that you wrote you = the subject of adj. clause Adjective clause = that you bought you = the subject of adj. clause

Things to Remember : 

Things to Remember -The function of an adjective is to describe a noun. -An adjective clause is just a clause (a phrase with a subject and verb) that describes a noun. I like the red car. “Red” is an adjective that describes CAR. I like the car that has a sunroof. “that has a sunroof” is an adjective clause that describes CAR.

Things to Remember : 

Things to Remember Example: The postcard is pretty. I bought the postcard. The postcard which I bought the postcard is pretty. Incorrect The postcard which I bought is pretty. Correct

Things to Remember : 

Things to Remember In a Subject-pattern adjective clause, the relative pronoun (who, that, which) is required. The woman who teaches the Math class is nice. In an Object-pattern adjective clause, the relative pronoun (that, which) is optional. The postcard that I bought is pretty. OR The postcard I bought is pretty.

For more practice… : 

For more practice… Go to our class website: www.ecc6.blogspot.com On the right side, under Important Websites, click on Ventures Textbook. -click on Book 4, Unit 7 2) On the right side, under Important Websites, click on Week 13 Grammar Practice. -Read about Adjective clauses and BE SURE to watch the video. Then do the exercises on your own paper!