Future Time Clauses : Future Time Clauses Let’s study the rules for this week’s grammar. Let’s start with some examples: : Let’s start with some examples: 1. It’s 6:00 a.m. on Monday morning. It’s early, and Margaret feels tired and drowsy.
As soon as Margaret gets dressed, she will make coffee. What tense is the first verb in? What tense is the second verb in? Slide 3: 2. Almaz works as a volunteer in a nursing home. Today, she is assisting Mrs. Peters.
Almaz will stay with Mrs. Peters until she takes a nap at 3:00. What tense is the first verb in? What tense is the second verb in? Slide 4: 3. It’s Saturday afternoon, and Marissa and her boyfriend are at the theater watching a movie.
When the movie finishes, they will go out to eat for dinner. What tense is the first verb in? What tense is the second verb in? As soon as I finish my homework, I’ll watch TV. : As soon as I finish my homework, I’ll watch TV. In this type of sentence . . .
Put the verb in _________ tense after the time word: as soon as, when, until, etc.
Put the other verb in the _________ tense
Which clause gives the time?
Which clause is the main clause? present future As soon as I finish my homework I will watch TV. About Future Time Clauses: : About Future Time Clauses: Future time clauses are part of a longer sentence.
1) Time clause: gives the time word (as soon as, until, when) and has a verb in:
the simple present tense
2) Main clause: can stand alone and has the verb in: the future tense.
The two ways to make the future are:
-be going to Other time words/expressions: : Other time words/expressions: As soon as, when, and until are common time words or expressions
Additional time expressions: before after IF if: isn't really a time word, but it
functions the same way as the others Examples with IF: : Examples with IF: 1. Julie will be excited IF her family comes to visit her for Thanksgiving. 2. IF Tina comes to work late again, his boss will be very angry with her. More Examples with IF: : More Examples with IF: 3. Martin will be tired tomorrow IF he goes to bed late tonight. 4. IF Lucia saves enough money this year, she will take a vacation in June. It doesn’t matter what order the clauses are in:a. Karen will look for a new job as soon as she has time.b. As soon as she has time, Karen will look for a new job. : It doesn’t matter what order the clauses are in:a. Karen will look for a new job as soon as she has time.b. As soon as she has time, Karen will look for a new job. Important Note: if you begin with a time word/expression, use a comma between the two clauses. Be careful with negative forms: : Be careful with negative forms: Remember, for the present tense negative use:
But for present tense BE, simply use:
For the future negative, use: doesn't or don't am not, is not, are not won't More examples:(with negatives) : More examples:(with negatives) 1. If my family doesn’t come to visit me this year, I’ll be very sad.
2. Linda and her family won’t get a dog until they have more time to spend with it. Your turn to practice:Complete each sentence with an appropriate idea. Be sure to use correct grammar. : Your turn to practice:Complete each sentence with an appropriate idea. Be sure to use correct grammar. IF I have time tomorrow, I …
As soon as I get home today, I …
Before I leave class today, …
Janet will take a vacation when …
The teacher will help you IF …
The little boy will finish his homework before …
I will keep studying English until …
After Ali takes his kids to school, … For more practice . . . : For more practice . . . Go to this website:
(Go to our class website and click on Week 8 Grammar Practice)
And don’t forget:
Your teacher will help you IF you have any questions! Slide 15: the