phrasal verbs 2012

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Phrasal Verbs: 

Phrasal Verbs What are they…? How do you use them correctly?

PowerPoint Presentation: 

Phrasal verbs are commonly used in English, so it’s important to learn them! A phrasal verb has 2 parts: 1) a verb 2) and a preposition (at least one) * often a phrasal verb has a special meaning Here are some Examples:

…Examples: 

…Examples Show up = arrive/come Show off = brag/show how great you are Show around = to familiarize someone with a new place Take off = leave a place Take after = to resemble or look like another person

Sometimes phrasal verbs have an object . . . : 

Sometimes phrasal verbs have an object . . . The object simply answers the question: What? Or Who? Look at the following examples

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1. Cynthia drops off the children at 8:00 each day. Drop off = phrasal verb . . . WHO does she drop off? The children . . . The children = object 2. Carlos wanted to get healthy. So he decided to give up smoking. Give up = phrasal verb . . . WHAT did he give up? Smoking. . . Smoking = object

When a phrasal verb uses an object, the object can usually occur in 2 positions: (=this is called a separable phrasal verb): 

When a phrasal verb uses an object, the object can usually occur in 2 positions: (=this is called a separable phrasal verb) Look at this example: Michael was scheduled to marry Lisa in two days. He should have been excited, but he wasn’t. Instead, he felt . . . Very Very VERY Nervous!!!

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But, a day before the wedding, Michael decided that he had made a BIG mistake ! So he called off the wedding! 1. He called off _______________. 2. He called _______________ off. 3. He called _________ off. the wedding the wedding it

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Poor Lisa!

Grammar Rule:: 

Grammar Rule: An object of a separable phrasal verb can appear: 1. After the phrasal verb: They turned up the volume . OR . . . 2. In the middle of a phrasal verb: They turned the volume up. 3. But, if the object is a pronoun it must be in the middle. They turned IT up .

Now it’s your turn to do some grammar! What are some other ways to say each sentence below?: 

Now it’s your turn to do some grammar! What are some other ways to say each sentence below? 1. She tried on her new dress . Answer: She tried her new dress on. She tried it on. 2. They called off the games due to rain. Answer: They called the games off due to rain. They called them off.

Remember…: 

Remember… 1- Not all phrasal verbs have an object. Show up = come -Paul didn’t show up today. 2- Not all phrasal verbs that have an object can separate. Run out of = to not have any more left -We ran out of milk. *This is the only way we can say the sentence.

Good Job!: 

Good Job! Be sure to ask your teacher or another classmate if you still have questions. Remember . . . Learning new grammar rules takes a lot of practice, so don’t GIVE UP!

For more practice . . . : 

For more practice . . . Go to our class website: www.ecc6.blogspot.com